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2017 was a year for bitcoin like no other. The advanced cash not just recorded remarkable gains, it single-handedly introduced new asset class that is turning into the primary alternative to fiat in the modern era.

bitcoin-crash-2018

For all the euphoria of the previous year, the way ahead won’t be simple, strategists warn. With bitcoin costs achieving unfathomable levels, the dread of missing out is too strong to resist.

That was one of the key messages Wall Street expert and originator of DataTrek Nick Colas passed on a week ago when he contended that bitcoin would see wild fluctuations throughout the next year. In his estimation, bitcoin can possibly trade between $6,500 and $22,000 through the span of 2018. During the process, investors can expect a few “crashes” of around 40%.

“Main concern: Bitcoin can rally to $22,000 and still be sensibly priced, or plunge to $6,500 and still be accurately esteemed,” he told CNBC. “We expect to see bitcoin exchange at the two costs in 2018.”

Major Themes For 2018:

A few noteworthy subjects will impact bitcoin’s value direction this year, biggest among them being the regulatory scene representing cryptographic money. South Korea – seemingly a standout amongst the ideal locales for exchanging digital money – is actualizing new regulations aimed at curtailing speculation. The technique incorporates banning individuals from opening new crypto accounts and from trading secretly. Top policymakers in the country have additionally said they are not opposed to closing down crypto trades should the new regulations fail to deflect speculation.

Advancing regulations and vulnerability about the future have set extensive strain on the crypto market. In September, China issued a sweeping prohibition on crypto trades and ICOs, setting off a massive correction. Different countries are still feeling their way through the asset class, with the likes Kazakhstan and Russia calling for state-upheld digital forms of money.

In addition to control, the verbal confrontation over blockchain adaptability will keep on influencing financial investor sentiment. Contradiction over bitcoin’s current convention has prompted numerous coin splits, including the now popular bitcoin cash fork. A couple months later, bitcoin gold would likewise develop following disagreements over the mining procedure.

To sum it up, debates over bitcoin’s future are normally ideological as much as they are esteem based. The general view on Wall Street is that the advanced asset class, all in all, is essentially exaggerated, with many contending that bitcoin has no natural esteem and in this manner can’t be assessed. However others, similar to Tyler and Cameron Winklevoss and John McAfee, trust bitcoin can still grow many factors above its present level.

Story credit: ccn.com

Image: Google images

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England – Next In Queue For State Sponsored Crypto Currency?

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As reported by The Telegraph, the Bank of England may support the production of a state-supported digital currency within a year. Just a year ago, the bank declared that it had commissioned a hypothetical money, RS Coin, which could be utilized by national banks to settle payments.

Currently, England’s national bank is raising the stakes, hoping to make its hypothetical idea into a feasible reality.

A research group vetted by the Bank has been examining the likelihood of a national bank-issued cryptographic money since 2015. So as to avert the unpredictability that has come to characterize Bitcoin, the digital money would be supported by the Bank of England and fastened to the pound sterling, Great Britain’s national cash. The Bank expects the research group to report back at some point in 2018 with their discoveries.

Prior to the Christmas, Dr. Stamp Carney, Governor of the Bank of England, put forth the defense for a national bank-sponsored crypto money to England’s Treasury Select Committee. Shielding the thought, he expressed that “The underlying technology is really of a fair bit of interest. We are working with it at the Bank of England.”

“I have taken an interest in discussions with the significant national banks on this issue,” he kept saying that such talks would continue in the new year. He also revealed that, over the summer, the Bank successfully executed a transaction with another bank using blockchain technology.

The Governor added that the Bank and its exploration unit are “restrained” in their approach. “In case we will apply something to the core of the system, it will need to meet five sigma quality rating.”

If the trials are successful, a digital currency banking option could make the way for instant payments for cars, houses, land, and other key assets.

However, Dr. Carney was still careful to address the confinements of a national bank-sponsored digital currency. One such frail point, he admits, is dissolvability if the currency was introduced on a public scale.

England – The Next In Line?

This disclosure makes England the most recent in an extending rundown of countries that have either engaged or endorsed their own cryptographic money.

Recently, Israel declared its own plans for the advanced shekel, the Israeli national bank’s answer for battling bootleg market purchases that include a little more than 20% of Israel’s GDP.

Back in October, Vladimir Putin put Russia on the map as the main country to declare official plans for its own particular state-issued cryptographic money, the digital ruble. Evidently, Russia is engaging the cryptoruble as a way to go around international sanctions.

Venezuela has also declared their own digital money in a comparative endeavor to moderate the effect of approvals from the United States.

 

Story credit: ccn.com

Image: Google Images

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Introducing Blockchain-Based E-Voting system in Moscow

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It was in 2014 when Moscow’s Mayor, Sergei Sobyanin launched an innovative Active Citizen app. This app was actually an e-voting platform designed solely for the residents of Moscow to vote on municipal projects pertaining to non-political city decisions, e.g.; naming of subway stations, setting up speed limits, plotting of bus routes, replacing the building’s entrance door or even hiring a new management company etc.

The Active Citizen app was a huge success since its launch, more than 2,800 polls were being administered and over 2 million users participated via the app. But according to some critics this app grew vulnerable to manipulation with the passage of time.

That’s why, Moscow officials announced that they have piloted the Active Citizen onto the blockchain technology in order to minimize the vulnerability issue.

Usually, the term of blockchain is referred to the cryptocurrency transactions. It is a sort of a digitalized and decentralized online database pertaining to public ledger of crypto transactions and interactions. Though specific for tracking secure financial transactions of cryptocurrency, it will now also be used in the e-voting platform of Moscow.

blockchain based e voting

What makes it a safest choice?

Russia’s National Settlement Depository (NSD) has successfully tested this blockchain based e-proxy voting system. This voting system is comprised of the following steps:

  • In the first step a Bondholder will pass vote to a nominal bondholder (NB)
  • The Nominal bondholder will in turn submit that vote to the blockchain
  • The designated Counting commission will count the votes and submit their results to the blockchain
  • Bondholder can latter verify whether the votes were counted correctly or not.

Hence it can be easily concluded that the process of blockchain based e-voting will resemble the secure crypto transactions to a great extent. Once the vote will be placed, it will be listed in a ledger consisting all the votes taken place across a node-to-node fully secure network. So, there will be no chance of data loss, fraud or third-party alteration once the vote has been casted.

In other words, blockchain is becoming a hallmark of digital accountability and security. It comprises of such a complicated mechanism of digitized security that it is almost impossible for the general public to ‘’hack’’ it in their traditional way.

According to some experts the use of blockchain technology will improve the transparency of e-voting system in Moscow and it should also be tried in the general elections as well.

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Upcoming hub for blockchain development

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After April 28, Rising center of blockchain technology, the city Hangzhou is going to establish itself. The government of Hangzhou is going to establish China’s first blockchain park. In addition, that park will be with preferential policy support.

Hangzhou????

Hangzhou is the capital of china’s province Zhejiang. This place is famous for its southern terminus of the ancient grand canal waterway. Now, this place is going to be the hub of this new technology.

An event of G20 summit in 2016, brings the Hangzhou to the stage of economics and politics. Moreover, along with Shanghai and Beijing, Hangzhou is rising city in china which is going to be dynamic and a big supporter of innovations and technologies even in transformative industry.

CEO and founder of the imToken states about his new company, “We have decided to move our team to the Blockchain Industrial Park. The government of Hangzhou has promised companies moving into the park subsidies for office and talent recruitment, tax deductions and government funding support. However, the supportive attitude of the government matter[s] more to us than that of subsidies. I believe this active approach from the government will enable Hangzhou to stand out as a financial technology city.”

Direction from banking sector

Central banks around the world are trying to move their infrastructure to blockchain technology. Because this technology has enough power to renovate the banking industry and directly create an impact on a current mechanism. In that scenario, People’s bank of China has completed the trial version of its own digital currency. In addition, the bank is going to be the first central bank which has the ability to issue digital currency. Interestingly, the bank of Hangzhou and China’s A-share companies also attend the summit.

Head of e-banking Hu Feihua states, “Bank of Hangzhou is always trying to keep abreast of the most updated technologies beneficial to banks. For blockchain, not only will we try to support the blockchain industry by providing an easy access to loans to startups, but we ourselves have a special team focusing on the research and development of blockchain. As a matter of fact, Bank of Hangzhou is one the members of a banking think tank that have to contribute to PBOC’s digital currency.”

Furthermore, “This is an interesting question. Job cuts seem inevitable when it comes to technology innovation. But for Bank of Hangzhou, we actually expect our staff to update themselves in their thinking and skills so that they can offset the risks of being sacked. On the other hand, banks will still be important and there are always rooms for us to use our workforce to increase our standard of service. Therefore, layoffs will not impede us in developing blockchain technology.”

China’s strategy

According to the official report of Hangzhou’s government, Hangzhou is now going to host 12 blockchain startups, which is a number crossed by Shanghai and Beijing.

Blockchain technology market trends are promoting by the central government of the China and its local government. Therefore, the reason is, users of China’s three exchanges Huobi, OKCoin and BTCC are not allowing to withdraw bitcoins. Which is directly the reflection of China’s aim of social and financial stability. That should never fall weak in front of market strategies, which place them at risk.

In 13th five-year social and economic program blockchain became as an important direction to innovations seekers. Because this plan is the most important strategy to the social and economic sector of the China. Plan for 2016-2020 set by this program.

Therefore, Hangzhou ‘s summit of this year proves that China’s strategy is to implement this plan to make it accessible for the locals. China’s capital will exceed in terms of funding, talent and wisdom. As a result, cities like Hangzhou and other cities will hold the summit next.

In the middle of June, Hangzhou and other countries will hold a high-level blockchain summit. In addition, china is going to be a strong entity in the digital world. Thus, a large number of people believes that China is the driving force of fifth industrial revolution.

 

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Token Tax 2018: Here’s what ICO Investors and Issuers must know about it!

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ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings) have skyrocketed in the past few years. A lot of attention has been given to regulatory matters than the potential tax issues that may soon arise for both investors as well as issuers. The IRS (Internal Revenue Service) didn’t issue any guidance related to the tax treatment of token issuances. Taxpayers are mostly left to apply existing-tax-rules, depending on regulations and models that offer flawed analogies to token issuances.

cryptocurrency and taxes

Cryptocurrency and Taxes

Overall, the facts of a certain token issuance, which includes the rights related to tokens must be scrutinized to regulate the proper characterization of the tokens for tax-related matters. A token has to be considered as an equity interest in the issuing entity, however, the tax consequences to the holders and issuers will rely on the buckets that token falls into.

The rules can be way too much complex if the equity interest is in a partnership, and if the taxable income partnership will surge over to the investors, so they may have a constant tax liability. Furthermore, if an investor uses “appreciated cryptocurrency” to get the tokens, it will end up in current-tax to the investor on the appreciated cryptocurrency, however, considering other facts, the investor may have the ability to claim that the cryptocurrency exchange for tokens was “tax-deferred.”

There are few token issuers that issue some of their tokens for free through an “airdrop.” Receivers usually sign up for airdropped-tokens through the website of the issuer, and sometimes they have to use social media platforms to disseminate information about tokens in order to receive them. For the receiver, the value of tokens that he/she receives in an airdrop is a taxable income.

Token issuers usually pre-sell some tokens via SAFT or SAFE-T. The holder, under a SAFT usually pays a fixed-amount for getting the right to collect a determinable number of tokens. SAFT often provide that the envisioned SAFT’s tax treatment is as a “forward contract.” If this treatment is appreciated, then the tax on the purchase amount must be delayed ’til the tokens get delivered to the SAFT holder.

Though, SAFT as a forward contract won’t necessarily be appreciated by the Internal Revenue Service, as the agency may pursue to re-characterize SAFT to extricate it from a traditional prepaid “forward contract.”

Based on SAFE (Simple Agreement for Future Equity), SAFE-T is planned to be considered as an equity instead of alterable debt. SAFE-T’s tax treatment is ambiguous; however, it comprises the elements of both SAFE and SAFT.

It’s quite clear from that there’s only a little guidance from the IRS about how token offering is treated for tax purposes. Determining how to describe these tools for tax-purposes is an exhaustive procedure. Issuers must look up for a tax adviser to get some help in organizing their token offerings.

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