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Bitcoin

Bitcoin is basically an anonymous, centralized digital currency. So, theoretically, it was built to be the untraceable version of cash. Not money but cash. The idea of having a digital unhackable and invulnerable decentralized currency got so well liked by people that they started treating it more like a commodity than the currency. Just like gold, People started investing and hodling (the typical term of holding coins till they generate profit) the coins. It soon turned out to be an investment vehicle and the basic idea of it being a digital currency got dragged down the tunnel somewhat.

So, yeah it is basically both a currency and a commodity. Yet untraceable! Sounds like a win-win?

Bitcoin is a secure and decentralized digital currency. It’s also a trad-able financial asset like bonds and stocks. Think if you want to pay or transfer another person a hundred dollar. What you do is you transfer your money to that other person. But in reality, what actually you are doing is asking a third commodity to deduct the cash from your account and transfer it to that person’s account. Bitcoin eliminates this interference of the third or fourth entity. It establishes this direct transfer link between you and the other person.

Unlike other monetary and economic affairs, Bitcoin is not regulated by any financial body or the government entity. Unlike stock market and shares, there is no fundamental rule or practice that can predict or determine the future value of the currency. Due to its incredible price volatile nature, the transactions or investment in the currency can be extremely complicated.

Why Criminals like Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is a totally secured and anonymous network. Anybody can come up and make an account and start the transactions. It requires literally no name, address or any else personal information. This encrypted platform generates a unique user ID, wallet IDs to the operator. During the transaction, only that specific ID will be visible and displayed to the viewer.

Due to this feature of the Bitcoin structure, making all the transactions complete anonymously, a lot of criminals were attracted. They used this platform to hide their identity and their transactions to practice illegal and unauthorized dealings.

With the ability to buy or sell anything without your name ever being revealed, a huge set up of the black market started running in around 2011. Silk Bank became an online transaction hub for all these illegal activities using Bitcoin. FBI broke the phenomena resting that these Bitcoins were untraceable. They were traced and Silk Bank was shut down. All the Bitcoins were subsequently acquired by the FBI.

21 Million… Ever!

One of the most amusing and interesting things about Bitcoins is that there are only 21,000 Bitcoins to be mined. Ever!! Yes, the total amount of these bitcoins will never exceed this amount no matter what. These coins are generated through a process called ‘mining’. Around 17 million of these coins have been generated till now. These coins are in circulation around the world balancing the network. This means, only 5 million of these coins are left to be mined to reach the limited threshold.

Generally, there is a new winner every 10 minutes, winning about 12.5 coins every time. This reward of 12.5 coins is halved every year too. So that means, in about 2140 we will be able to mine all these 21 million coins once in for all. Every existing Bitcoin is created using this same method. Anyone can mine these coins, provided with suitable supporting systems.

Merchants and consumers are slowly accepting and becoming comfortable with this digital currency. So, will this sum of 21,000 million enough bearing the collective economy pressure someday?

A bitcoin is divisible up to 8 decimal parts. Being deflationary in nature, if the market rises on a continues basis making its value to trillions, there will be an adequate amount resting with every coin in circulation.

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SEC Uncovers A Case Of Fraudulent ICO

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No doubt cryptocurrencies have become notoriously volatile as various governments and financial organisations are imposing restrictions regarding the sale and purchase of fraudulent ico. On the other hand it is also a fact that continuous boom in the cryptocurrency market is the main reason behind the birth of some alarming situations regarding its investment and fundraising options. With an increase in the popularity of Initial coin offering and cryptocurrencies, many top social networking websites have recently banned advertisements related to all sorts of activities related to this specific market. Recently Facebook, Google and Twitter are on the top of the list among the sites which have prohibited ads related to cryptocurrencies. Not only that but the US Securities and Exchange Commission has also issued a strict warning according to which celebrities can no more endorse ICOs without proper announcement. Even a country like India has officially announced that Bitcoin is no more than an illegal tender within its borders.

ico fraud

some massive frauds and illegal activities related to the digital tokens have also become a reason for such restrictions. One of such recent fraudulent activities was reported by the US security exchange commission against two co-founders of a supposed financial services start-up for organizing a deceptive initial coin offering.

Who Was Behind That ICO Fraud?

The names of the two founders are Sohrab Sharma and Robert Farkas who are behind that ICO fraud. They were running of a cryptocurrency firm by the name of Centra Tech which was also authenticated by champion boxer Floyd Mayweather. The US Securities and Exchange Commission charged the founders of Centra Tech for organizing a fraudulent initial coin offering. All that information was made public in a press release dated April 2.

 

Sohrab Sharma and Robert Farkas, were arrested and charged for raising 32 million dollars in an unregistered investment with the help of so called “CTR Token”. Farkas was fully prepared to leave the country, but was arrested moments before he could board his flight.

How Was This ICO Fraud Discovered?

According to the statement issued by US Securities and Exchange Commission, Sohrab Sharma and Robert Farkas offered a number of financial products on behalf of their company Centra Tech which also included a debit card backed by Visa and MasterCard. It was being claimed by Centra Tech that with the help of this debit card users could instantly convert cryptocurrencies into US dollars and other legal tokens. In fact it was all based on a fraud as no such agreement existed between Centra Tech and Visa or Mastercard.

 

Centra Tech was also alleged for creating fictional resumes and biographies in order to promote its fraudulent company. The company also hired celebrities like champion boxer Floyd Mayweather to promote their initial coin offering.

 

According to a warning issued by the US Securities and Exchange Commission in November last year, the ICOs which involved celebrities could be illegal.

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History of bitcoin

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Bitcoin is a digital currency, world’s famous cryptocurrency. Who creates Bitcoin? Its answer is not that much easy. while the identity of the creature of bitcoin is still a mystery.  In last of 2008, someone going from the username Satoshi Nakamoto, release a white paper to cryptography list. The 9-page paper was entitled” Bitcoin, peer-to-peer electronic cash system”. That day and today, we do not know the creature, is a personality or a team work???

With pseudonym creature, bitcoin asserts itself. In the meantime, Bitcoin creates a strong impact on users of the cryptocurrencies’ world.

Now, here I am going to share bitcoin price history, its origin and how its start work, and rises as a star in cryptocurrency world.

2007:

Basically, working on bitcoin concept was started in 2007. If we consider, that Satoshi Nakamoto is a legend. He starts working on this concept to provide fair and free transaction system. While he was on record as living in Japan.

August 15, 2008:

The allege originator of Bitcoin concept denies the connection with Satoshi Nakamoto. Even so, Neal Kin, Vladimir Oksman, and Charles Bry file an application for an encryption patent application.

A great silence…………………………

August 18, 2008:

18 August 2008, anonymousspeeches.com register a domain, named bitcoin. A site, allows users to join and do transactions. This was the birth of Bitcoin in the real world.

 October 31, 2008:

Nakamoto publishes the design white paper in cryptography list. Whereas, the paper includes that the bitcoin currency is going to solve the issue of currency being copied.

January 3, 2009:

The first block was mined on January 3, 2009. It was,” Block 0, the genesis block, is established at 18:15:05 GMT.

January 9, 2009:

Version 0.1 released. It includes the generation system which creates 21Million bitcoins through 2040.

January 12, 2009:

Version 0.1 of bitcoin released on this date. Compiled

with Microsoft visual studio for windows. In which, bitcoin generation system will generate 21Million bitcoin through the year 2040. In addition, at the end of this year, on 16 December 2009, 0.2 version of bitcoin released. Whereas, 0.3 version released on July 7, 2010.

0.3.13 version of bitcoin released on September 29, 2010.

A Brief Look at Bitcoin History – First Bitcoin Transaction:

First bitcoin transaction takes place between Satoshi and Hal Finney on 12 January 2009.

Born of currency exchange:

First bitcoin market established on 6 February 2010 by doing dollar as Bitcoin currency exchange.

10,000 BTC spent on pizza:

Florida programmer, Laszlo Hanyecz pay 10,000 bitcoins for pizza. That was the real-life transaction takes place in cryptography world.

Pool mins……:

On September 18, 2010, bitcoin pool mining was introduced. Furthermore, several users work together and enjoy the benefit together.

2013:

No doubt, the most important year of the bitcoin. This year, Bitcoin wrote its history. In 2013, its market capitalization reaches $1bn. China bans this technology first. But today, 80% of bitcoin transactions are processed in China and become the largest trader of Bitcoin in the world.

2014:

In 2014, first and most progressive treatment to bitcoin was held by HMRC. Who classified bitcoin as the asset or private money.

2015:

The biggest change comes from banks and industries. Most of the banks trying to change their infrastructure. Whereas, industry executives talking about Bitcoin and some of them do transactions.

2016:

Therefore, it is too early to tell you about the story of Bitcoin in 2016. It reaches heights and sometimes faces loses.

Future Prediction of Bitcoin:

As bitcoin reaches the price of gold, and compete with many more cryptocurrencies. Which makes its strength in the financial market. Looking at the Bitcoin value history, future can be easily predicted. And my prediction is that coming era is bitcoin era.

 

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Is Walmart Set to deploy Blockchain-Based Delivery System?

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According to Fintech Finance reports, Smart Package, which is an application of US trade giant Walmart, has been released by the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) on 1st March. Smart Package patents employ a tool, based on blockchain to track down the location, environmental conditions, package contents, and other details. The main purpose of such blockchain applications is to be used in the latest technologies like unmanned drones etc.

blockchain applications

Such blockchain applications help in recording the main addresses like; seller private key address, a buyer private key address and a courier private key address. According to this application, the current tracking instruments don’t offer such coveted functionality yet. Fintech Finance also reported that Smart Package application was first filed by Walmart in August 2017. This application isn’t the first one, in which Walmart has utilized Blockchain technology because, Walmart merged with IBM, back in 2016.

UPS, which is a US shipping company joined BiTA in November 2017 because, blockchain technology is quite popular among delivery and shipping companies. Publication of a non-conditional patent application occurred almost 18 months before its initial precedence date in the US. Once it’s published, USPTO can use a patent application to reject the third-party patent applications for the correlated technology.

 

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What Is Bitcoin Wallet and What Are the Main Types of It?

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What Is Bitcoin Wallet

Bitcoin is a peer to peer currency which does not have any physical form. In other words, it’s a virtual currency. The currency is stored in Bitcoin wallets.

There are several forms of Bitcoin wallets – most common ones being desktop wallets, mobile wallets, online wallets and hardware wallets.

The goal of this article is to provide you with the necessary information about all these forms of wallets. So let’s get started with knowing what is a Bitcoin wallet are and what are the different types of it.

Desktop Wallets:

Desktop wallets are compatible with different desktop applications and each of them offers different features. For example, Hive is an OS X-based wallet which includes app store that connects directly to Bitcoin services.

Another example of desktop wallets is Bitcoin Core which relays transactions on the network and enables you to create a Bitcoin address for sending/receiving virtual currency.

Some desktop wallets are particularly designed to gain enhanced security. Armory is a prime example of such wallets.

Mobile Wallets:

Desktop wallets are handy, but only when you are at home. If you are out on the street, they are of no use. And this is the reason as to why these wallets are falling out of favor.

On the other hand, mobile wallets are more useful as everything regarding your bitcoins is just one tap away.

It doesn’t matter where you are, whether it’s a physical store, park or just a random street, if you have access to the internet, you can access your Bitcoin wallet and make transactions on the go. Some of the common bitcoin mobile wallets are Xapo, Mycelium, and Blockchain.

These wallets keep your bitcoin keys encrypted on the phone and also back it up on a web-based server.

Online Wallets:

Online wallets store user’s private key online and link it to mobile/desktop wallets. One of the biggest advantages of online wallets is that they can be accessed from anywhere regardless of which device you are using.

However, there is one major drawback: If a user fails to implement them correctly, it will put the organization running the website in charge of his private key which eventually takes his bitcoins out of his control. That could be a risky move, especially if you collect a lot of bitcoins.

Some examples of the best Bitcoin wallets online are:

Coinbase:

Coinbase operates worldwide. Users in the United States and Europe can also buy bitcoins through Coinbase exchanges.

learn more about how to buy Bitcoin with Coinsbase.

Circle:

Circle offers the feature to send, receive, store and buy bitcoins.

Strongcoin:

This service offers hybrid wallet which lets the users encrypt their private keys before sending them to its servers.

And Hardware Wallets:

Hardware wallets are dedicated devices that are used to facilitate payment and store private keys. Some examples of these wallets are Trezor Hardware Wallet and Ledger USB Wallets. These wallets are easy to carry in your pocket and can be physically moved from one place to another.

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