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Bitcoin

Bitcoin is basically an anonymous, centralized digital currency. So, theoretically, it was built to be the untraceable version of cash. Not money but cash. The idea of having a digital unhackable and invulnerable decentralized currency got so well liked by people that they started treating it more like a commodity than the currency. Just like gold, People started investing and hodling (the typical term of holding coins till they generate profit) the coins. It soon turned out to be an investment vehicle and the basic idea of it being a digital currency got dragged down the tunnel somewhat.

So, yeah it is basically both a currency and a commodity. Yet untraceable! Sounds like a win-win?

Bitcoin is a secure and decentralized digital currency. It’s also a trad-able financial asset like bonds and stocks. Think if you want to pay or transfer another person a hundred dollar. What you do is you transfer your money to that other person. But in reality, what actually you are doing is asking a third commodity to deduct the cash from your account and transfer it to that person’s account. Bitcoin eliminates this interference of the third or fourth entity. It establishes this direct transfer link between you and the other person.

Unlike other monetary and economic affairs, Bitcoin is not regulated by any financial body or the government entity. Unlike stock market and shares, there is no fundamental rule or practice that can predict or determine the future value of the currency. Due to its incredible price volatile nature, the transactions or investment in the currency can be extremely complicated.

Why Criminals like Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is a totally secured and anonymous network. Anybody can come up and make an account and start the transactions. It requires literally no name, address or any else personal information. This encrypted platform generates a unique user ID, wallet IDs to the operator. During the transaction, only that specific ID will be visible and displayed to the viewer.

Due to this feature of the Bitcoin structure, making all the transactions complete anonymously, a lot of criminals were attracted. They used this platform to hide their identity and their transactions to practice illegal and unauthorized dealings.

With the ability to buy or sell anything without your name ever being revealed, a huge set up of the black market started running in around 2011. Silk Bank became an online transaction hub for all these illegal activities using Bitcoin. FBI broke the phenomena resting that these Bitcoins were untraceable. They were traced and Silk Bank was shut down. All the Bitcoins were subsequently acquired by the FBI.

21 Million… Ever!

One of the most amusing and interesting things about Bitcoins is that there are only 21,000 Bitcoins to be mined. Ever!! Yes, the total amount of these bitcoins will never exceed this amount no matter what. These coins are generated through a process called ‘mining’. Around 17 million of these coins have been generated till now. These coins are in circulation around the world balancing the network. This means, only 5 million of these coins are left to be mined to reach the limited threshold.

Generally, there is a new winner every 10 minutes, winning about 12.5 coins every time. This reward of 12.5 coins is halved every year too. So that means, in about 2140 we will be able to mine all these 21 million coins once in for all. Every existing Bitcoin is created using this same method. Anyone can mine these coins, provided with suitable supporting systems.

Merchants and consumers are slowly accepting and becoming comfortable with this digital currency. So, will this sum of 21,000 million enough bearing the collective economy pressure someday?

A bitcoin is divisible up to 8 decimal parts. Being deflationary in nature, if the market rises on a continues basis making its value to trillions, there will be an adequate amount resting with every coin in circulation.

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Huobi Obtains Managing Share in Investment Firm by Means of Backdoor Listing

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Chinese cryptocurrency exchange Huobi has actually apparently gotten the managing stock interest in Hong Kong-based Pantronics Holdings Ltd. through a backdoor listing offer, the local news outlet reported Aug 28. A backdoor listing, which is also called a reverse takeover or Initial Going public (IPO), permits an independently held company to acquire an openly traded company avoiding the public offering process, regulatory concerns, and due diligence. Upon completion of the deal, the buyer gains automatic inclusion on a stock exchange.

cryptocurrency exchange

Crypto Exchange Controller

Huobi obviously acquired 74% of Pantronics Holdings Ltd., makings the crypto exchange the real controller of the power-related electrical and electronic items producer. Pantronics stopped trading its shares on the Main Board of the Hong Kong Stock Exchange (HKEx) due to a “possible deal to be made under Rule 27 of the Hong Kong Codes on Takeovers and Mergers.”

When asked whether the exchange means to conduct a backdoor listing, Huobi CEO Li Lin reportedly said that “it is simply a report.” Li stated the exchange service is presently not totally compliant on a global scale, so a backdoor listing would be really difficult to run. Li added that he believes the “standard financial market will accept the blockchain economy in the future.”

Report of Caixin Media

Caixin media reported that the HKEx was preparing a revision of guidelines to take stern measures towards backdoor listings within its efforts to clean up the market and enhance the quality of listed companies. While the proposed steps are apparently not aimed at obstructing backdoor listings, they mean to ensure that companies do not skirt guidelines and undermine investor confidence.

HKEx Chief Regulatory Officer’s Remarks

HKEx’s chief regulatory officer and head of listing commented:

“We essentially allow a backdoor listing. But what [we want] to guarantee is that when this takes place, the quality of the possessions and the ultimate combined company to be listed on our exchange have been through a suitable due diligence and vetting process.”

Houbi Trading

Houbi Token is presently trading at $2.50 according to Coinmarketcap, having actually gained practically 9 percent over 1-day period, while some media attribute the token’s rate surge to the current acquisition. Pantronics Holdings Ltd.’s market capitalization is currently over HKD 927 million ($119 million).

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10 Reasons Bitcoin Price will Destroy All Time Highs in 2017

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Blockstream-Bring Privacy to All Blockchain Assets

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On a blockchain platform, all the participants are free to check the transactions. This transparency level provides the much security to the users. Basically, it is a public verification process, where the cheating percentage is fall to its minimum level or zero. Unfortunately, it is not also good in privacy matters.

To improve the privacy terms, confidential transactions are its potential solution. Whereas, these transactions hide the transacted bitcoin which is using in test environment and academia.

A number of bitcoin core developers discover the confidential assets. These transactions are categorically designed for the bitcoin.  Confidential assets carry a level to any blockchain asset such as ownership paper, stock etc.

Blockstream engineer Gregory Sander says, “With Confidential Assets, we can generate multi-asset transactions where both the amount and the asset type itself are encrypted”.

Confidential asset

Basically, confidential assets are not a new born concept in the technology world. It is increasing in two ways.

The first part of this puzzle is planted on confidential transactions, which was introduced by the current Blockstream CEO Dr. Adam back. Blockstream developers Gregory Maxwell, Dr. PIETER Wuille and mathematician Andrew Poelstra further work on this and expand it to blockchain’s alpha sidechain.

According to these transactions, only receiver and sender will come to know the transacted amount. A public verification process, that is the rest of the world-where the transactions were created between the sender and the receiver. But the transacted amount is masked.

Whereas, in confidential transactions are masked in a programmed way that public verifier will able to perform a certain type of math on them.  If they cancel out the transaction, anyone is capable to add up the committed amount on the sending end. And, add up all amounts on receiving end. In addition, if they don’t cancel, means no amount was created out. In that way, a public verifier will fail to know how much was transacted. They have the idea that system wasn’t cheated.

The second part of the puzzle is quite new, which boost up the masking to assets themselves. Confidential assets include blockchain based assets not only bitcoin.

Sanders says, “While the sender and receiver would know that, say, a gold certificate was transacted, a public verifier would only know that ‘some asset’ was transacted — in ‘some amount”. “And if multiple assets are transacted at once, the public verifier would see that multiple types of ‘some assets’ changed hands, and he can verify that no ‘some assets’ were created out of thin air. But he would still not know what was transacted exactly, or how much of each ‘some asset”.

Projects

Confidential assets advanced in two different projects.

For one, it may be associated with the existing sidechain such as a liquid. This is an organize blockchain fix to the bitcoin. Where the blocks confirm by the service provider. which permits the transactions at little cost without troubling the main blockchain. Exchanges use this to let the customers move the bitcoins among different accounts without confirmation from the blockchain. Confidential assets allow to move the fiat currency as well.

In addition, Blockstream start a teamwork with Japanese IT company Digital Garage.

Sanders explains, “Digital Garage is working on a loyalty points blockchain” and “This means that all types of companies can issue their loyalty points, and customers can use them or trade them atomically for other assets using market makers. Privacy is huge here because you do not want to be showing the whole world how many points are outstanding on your books”.

Furthermore, confidential assets sidechain is a private decentralize exchange. This elementary setup can expand to mediators that act. Sanders says, “For the Digital Garage demo we have implemented a trustless, blinded swap of multiple assets through peers already. If we can deploy fiat currency on the blockchain, we can make similar arrangements between Bitcoin and U.S. dollar, euro or yen”. Blockchain use case complexity matrix

 

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Top 5 Advantages Of Bitcoins That You Didn’t Know

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Bitcoin is a digital currency that first came into circulation in 2009. The identity of the creator is still disclosed.

In recent years, Bitcoin has attracted interest from numerous people of different lines of work, but there is still a large portion of the public that still doesn’t know what is Bitcoin and how does it work. Simply stated, Bitcoin is a peer to peer, decentralized, digital currency system, designed to enable online users to make transactions via the digital currency. In other words, it’s a virtual currency.

Let’s take a look at some of the advantages of using this currency.

What Are The Benefits Of Bitcoins:

  • Its Tax Free:

When a user buys something using euros, pounds, dollars or any other type of flat currency, he is supposed to pay some additional sums in taxes. Every item that is purchased via cash has a certain amount of tax on it.

On the other hand, Bitcoin is tax-free. No sales taxes are involved when you pay with bitcoin in transactions made.

The zero taxation makes Bitcoin an extremely useful form of currency, especially when it comes to buying luxury items.

  • There Are Minimal Transaction Fees:

Exchange costs/fees are part of all sorts of wire transfers. On the other hand, no such costs come with Bitcoin transactions. Since there is no monitoring bank or governing authority to keep the flow of bitcoins in order, the transaction costs are extremely low, or even zero in some cases.

  • Flexible To Pay:

The fact that Bitcoin payment system is online makes it extremely handy for the users to make transactions. All you have to do is tap your smartphone screen a few times or do some clicks on your PC to transfer the coins.

The flexibility in payment methods means you can make the worldwide transaction without even having to leave your bed. Amazing! Isn’t it?

Read our guide to learn more about Bitcoin payments.

  • User Anonymity:

Bitcoin transactions are distinct and give you complete user anonymity. Every purchase made through bitcoins is never connected to you and there is no way for it to be tracked back to you. However, if a user is willing to reveal his identity, he does have the option of to publish his transactions – but in most cases, the users prefer to stay anonymous.

  • Lastly, The Currency Is Free from Third Party Influence:

One of the biggest advantages of using Bitcoin value is that it eliminates third-party influence. There is no central bank or a government authority controlling the flow of bitcoins, which ultimately eliminates the chances of your transaction being disrupted.

Bitcoin transactions are based on peer to peer system and it allows the users more freedom and greater liberty to make a purchase.

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Token Tax 2018: Here’s what ICO Investors and Issuers must know about it!

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ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings) have skyrocketed in the past few years. A lot of attention has been given to regulatory matters than the potential tax issues that may soon arise for both investors as well as issuers. The IRS (Internal Revenue Service) didn’t issue any guidance related to the tax treatment of token issuances. Taxpayers are mostly left to apply existing-tax-rules, depending on regulations and models that offer flawed analogies to token issuances.

cryptocurrency and taxes

Cryptocurrency and Taxes

Overall, the facts of a certain token issuance, which includes the rights related to tokens must be scrutinized to regulate the proper characterization of the tokens for tax-related matters. A token has to be considered as an equity interest in the issuing entity, however, the tax consequences to the holders and issuers will rely on the buckets that token falls into.

The rules can be way too much complex if the equity interest is in a partnership, and if the taxable income partnership will surge over to the investors, so they may have a constant tax liability. Furthermore, if an investor uses “appreciated cryptocurrency” to get the tokens, it will end up in current-tax to the investor on the appreciated cryptocurrency, however, considering other facts, the investor may have the ability to claim that the cryptocurrency exchange for tokens was “tax-deferred.”

There are few token issuers that issue some of their tokens for free through an “airdrop.” Receivers usually sign up for airdropped-tokens through the website of the issuer, and sometimes they have to use social media platforms to disseminate information about tokens in order to receive them. For the receiver, the value of tokens that he/she receives in an airdrop is a taxable income.

Token issuers usually pre-sell some tokens via SAFT or SAFE-T. The holder, under a SAFT usually pays a fixed-amount for getting the right to collect a determinable number of tokens. SAFT often provide that the envisioned SAFT’s tax treatment is as a “forward contract.” If this treatment is appreciated, then the tax on the purchase amount must be delayed ’til the tokens get delivered to the SAFT holder.

Though, SAFT as a forward contract won’t necessarily be appreciated by the Internal Revenue Service, as the agency may pursue to re-characterize SAFT to extricate it from a traditional prepaid “forward contract.”

Based on SAFE (Simple Agreement for Future Equity), SAFE-T is planned to be considered as an equity instead of alterable debt. SAFE-T’s tax treatment is ambiguous; however, it comprises the elements of both SAFE and SAFT.

It’s quite clear from that there’s only a little guidance from the IRS about how token offering is treated for tax purposes. Determining how to describe these tools for tax-purposes is an exhaustive procedure. Issuers must look up for a tax adviser to get some help in organizing their token offerings.

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