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What Is Block Chain

The Blockchain is a public ledger which is used to keep the record of Bitcoin transactions or the transactions made in some other cryptocurrency.

There are three essential technologies used in Blockchain and none of them are new. Instead, it is their arrangement and application methods that are new.

These technologies include:

  1. Cryptographic keys
  2. Distributed Network
  3. Record-keeping and network security.

In this article, we have tried to make clear as to how these technologies cooperate to secure the digital relationships.

Technologies Used in Blockchain – Cryptographic Keys:

Suppose, two individuals need to make an online transaction of bitcoin, each of them holds a public and a private key. Both the keys are in an encrypted form.

The principle motivation behind having a public and private key is to create a digital identity reference. The Identity of a client depends on the blend of two keys.

The blend of these keys is additionally called “digital signature”, which, consequently, gives a strong control of possession.

However, having strong control of possession is not enough to secure digital relationships. While authentication is solved, it must be consolidated with a means of approving transactions and authorization.

In Blockchains, this starts with a distributed network.

Distributed Networks:

The concept of distributed networks can easily be understood with the “falling tree in the forest” example.

If a tree falls in a forest and we have cameras to record the event, we can positively say that the tree fell since we have the visual confirmation. Same can be said in regards to distributed networks.

A substantial piece of bitcoin Blockchain is a huge system of validators – similar to the cameras in above example – where they reach an agreement that they all witnessed the similar event in the meantime. But instead of cameras, they utilize mathematical verification.

To put it plainly, the size of a distributed network is critical for the security of the system.

Distributed networks are one of the primary elements of “Bitcoin Blockchain“. At the time of writing, the system is secured by 3,500,000 TH/s, more than the top 10,000 banks on the planet combined.

The System of Record Keeping and Security:

Lastly, cryptographic keys are consolidated with the system to create a super useful form of digital interactions. The procedure starts with taking sender’s private key, then making a declaration that he is about to make a Bitcoin transaction — and finally appending his private key to the recipient’s public key.

With regards to the earlier example of falling tree, a realist may come up with the question, why there were dozens of PCs with cameras, holding up to record whether or not a tree falls.

Now, translating the same question in blockchain terminology, how do you attract the computing power for the maximum network security.

With blockchains, clients are offered special rewards in return for giving their PC’s processing power to secure the system. Which, ultimately, pulls in an extensive number of clients offering their machines’ computing power. The more the power, the more secure the system.

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Risks involved in Bitcoin Mining

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Risks involved in Bitcoin Mining

Bitcoin mining is a multi-billion industry, but with increasing number of blocks, the difficulty to mine bitcoins is growing as well.

The question that arises is whether one should invest in such phenomena or avoid it.

In this post, we’ll give you a few pointers on what are the risks involved in this particular venture.

Bitcoin Mining

Bitcoin mining risk secures transactions that are recorded in the Bitcoin’s public ledger the blockchain. The blockchain confirms these transactions to the rest of the network while they’re taking place.

Miners

Miners play a vital role in the Bitcoin ecosystem by keeping the Bitcoin community in check. They perform complicated mathematical tasks with specialized mining hardware, in order to mine new bitcoins but bitcoin’s system adds a new block to the blockchain every 10 minutes to ensure the verification and security of unprocessed transactions so that there is no double spending. Miners earn bitcoins investment, as rewards for their effort and often even paid transaction fees by buyers.

Possible risks follow:

  • Susceptible to High Price Volatility:

The main issue that comes with bitcoin mining is the fluctuation of the virtual currency. The cryptocurrency tends to swing over short periods of time. Also, the price depends on the demand and supply, since there are only 21 million Bitcoins available and with two-thirds of it to be already mined, the demand of bitcoins increases with each passing day.

  • Competition due to the introduction of Ethereum:

The reward for mining bitcoins about every four years and its current value is at 12.5 bitcoins, with average block time as 10 minutes. Whereas Ethereum’s block time is 12 seconds. Faster block time means quicker confirmation of transactions. Ethereum reward miners work to earn Ethers, which is a kind of token that fuels the network. You earn 5 ethers given for each block. You can also use it to pay for transaction fee and services on the Ethereum network. Also, Ethereum has over 89,752,192 coins currently existing, unlike Bitcoin, if it reaches its limit, more investors would switch to Ethereum or other cryptocurrencies thus, leading to lesser or no transactions for miners to confirm and earn rewards.

  • The “hard fork” scenario: 

Bitcoin has become so popular that it isn’t able to manage the weight of all the transactions. With the currency growing exponentially along with the number of transactions, the 1MB block size limit is starting to be an issue thus, leading to delays in payment processing. This hard fork is splitting the network into two i.e. Bitcoin Unlimited (BU) and Segregated Witness (SegWit). Miners are in favor of BU as it gives them more control of the BTC network but BTC developers and enthusiasts choose to side with SegWit since they’re not in favor of letting miners be more in control of the network than they already are. The two obviously can’t co-exist side by side so they have to compete for legitimacy and users in order to function.

To conclude, bitcoin mining does have its pros and cons. Surely, as people become more aware of this cryptocurrency they would show more interest but for now, no one can predict the future of it.

Happy mining!

 

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Coinsquare Launches TV Advertisement Campaign

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Coinsquare is a Canadian crypto exchange which has launched its very first television commercial, as it’s looking forward to extend its customer base before divulging to public by the end of this year.

initial public offering

Coinsquare Advertisment

The exchange, Coinsquare is sometimes called “Canada’s Coinbase” and has launched an ad on Monday that will start running on television later this week. According to the advertisement, Coinsquare is the most secure platform of Canada for trading cryptocurrencies, and also, the advertisement attempts to initiate the reputation of exchange as a reliable and trustworthy option to the scams and other warning tales that fill the space.

Also, the timing of the ad campaign is eminent, since the interest of consumers in cryptocurrencies has declined in the past few months. But, it relates with the ambitious plans of Coinsquare to continue its development, internationally and as an IPO (initial public offering).

At the beginning of this year, the exchange, Coinsquare unveiled that it intends to go public in the month of September by listing on the Toronto Stock Exchange. The company expects that it will raise almost $120 million (C$150 million) and after that, it will use those funds to finance expansion into the United Kingdom and United States.

Cole Diamond, the Chief Executive Office of Coinsquare told bloomberg, back in January that:
“The United States and the UK market are next… We believe that we will be a strong competitor to Coinbase and other exchanges in the US by the end of the year.”

While Coinsquare considers itself as a strong competitor to Coinbase in the future, at this time, it processes quite less trading volume than its correlative south of the border. According to CoinMarketCap, at this time, Coinsquare is ranked as the 95th-largest exchange of the world, with daily volume of almost $1.7 million. Amid exchanges that provide CAD trading pairs, it is ranked on the third position, behind QuadrigaCX and LakeBTC .

Although it isn’t the first cryptocurrency company that’s going public, however, Coinsquare is going to be one of the first to do so via conventional means, which offers an extensive regulatory analysis process. Many have done the same through RTOs (reverse takeovers), where a firm joins a company that is already listed on an exchange and after that, it modernizes its ticker symbol as well as its name.

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Bitcoin News Today – Bitcoin Involved in a Civil War, Here’s One Way to Explain

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Bitcoin Civil War:

A civil war is going to take place in Bitcoin world, it is putting the future of red-hot digital currency in question. Bitcoin is high over 250 percent since last year, but its price has experienced big swings in the past few months. The CEO of BitMex, Arthur Hayes, he thinks the recent instability in the price of Bitcoin reflects the doubt surrounding the outcome of this war, that would decide on 1st of August when crypto-power dealers determine how the technology will structure that influence the currency.

The Main Story:

The current Bitcoin battle relates to the design of digital currency. According to Bitcoin campaigner Paul McNeal, the blockchain network of Bitcoin can only process so much data at a time. In technical language, the blocks which transfer the information in the chain are restricted in their size to 1MB.

McNeal says this was done for the purpose to protect the blockchain network from the hackers and some other cyber security threats. As the number of digital currency users has increased, so it takes more time for transactions to process. According to Morgan Stanley, Bitcoin transaction has made more expensive because of this, which is one of the main reasons that why merchants have not been so active to accept Bitcoin as a form of payment. Consumers have limited places for their Bitcoin to spend and it shows that merchants don’t have a sufficient number of consumers to make it worth, to invest the energy, and the capital to understand and accept.

The Battle Line:

The size issue of blockchain has drawn a battle line between the two main camps. On the one side, you have people which are mostly miners, who think that the size of blocks should increase because it will be economically profitable to do so.  The other are those people who want to maintain the size of the blocks, safety, and security of the network.

People who want to maintain the block’s size are the core developers. They maintain the code and also responsible for apply changes when necessary for future innovation, according to McNeal. By this job, they keep the blockchain stable.

The view to increasing size of the blocks more than the current 1MB cap will be a risk to the whole networks. For this purpose, they’ve come up with another solution to the problem called as SegWit. Some core developers are trying to move the activity on Bitcoin blockchain to an external network.

Bloom berg wrote that moving data from the blockchain successfully diminish the inspiration of the miners, people who are basically from China, and the people who have invested millions in huge server farms.

According to McNeal to find a middle ground for all of them, some miners and business executive have created a proposal, called as SegWit2X, that would change the threshold for applying SegWit down to 80 percent and also it allows for a small increment in the size of blocks in the chain to 2MB.

Fundamentals on the both sides of the dispute are in their positions. This may finally lead to a split in Bitcoin world, thereby making more than one Bitcoin currency.

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Crypto Fraud Cases: CFTC Is Stepping Up Against Market Manipulation

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Commodity Futures Trading Commission is making a quick move to declare its jurisdiction to police scam in the cryptocurrency trading. Jack B. Weinstein, a Judge of the Eastern District of New York, favoured the CFTC and affirmed its definition of cryptocurrency as a commodity. A notice of supplemental-legal-authority was given to My Big Coin Pay Inc, which is a crypto-services company that got charged with deception and misuse of funds in January.

cryptocurrency trading

This ruling was basically the outcome of a distinct crypto fraud case that CFTC is pursuing against a crypto-trading-scheme known as CabbageTech. Mentioning from that ruling, the notice directs My Big Coin Pay that;

Virtual currencies ‘fall well-within…the [Commodity Exchange Act’s] definition of commodities and the Commission has the standing to exercise its enforcement power over fraud related to virtual currencies sold in interstate commerce.”

The SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission), the IRS, and the CFTC, all have a different meaning of cryptocurrencies at this time and have selected them as securities, property, and commodities individually.

Now for My Big Coin Pay, the Commission asserts that the stable and related parties; Randall Crater and Mark Gillespie embezzled over $6 million from their clients, as well as by transferring funds of customers into their private accounts and later, spending their funds on purchasing their luxury goods and personal stuff.

cryptocurrency tradding

Many novel cases have been also filed by the CFTF in the past months, which includes three linked to virtual-currency fraud. These cases were the first ones that were brought to the commission since it allowed the launch of bitcoin commodities contracts, the past month. The notice also revealed how CFTC is working hard to establish legitimate precedent and potentially provides a vision of how it will endure regulating the industry.

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Bitcoin On The Verge Of Hitting $60,000 And Then A Huge Crash In 2018 – Predicts Saxo Bank

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Saxo Bank forecasts that the bitcoin cost will take off above $60,000 in 2018 before crashing more than 98 percent to its essential production cost’ of $1,000.”

 

The Danish investment bank issued this conjecture in its yearly “Over the top Predictions” publication that implies to recognize “highly unlikely events with overlooked potential.”

 

“The ascent of Bitcoin and different cryptocurrencies has been a standout amongst the most fabulous marvels of financial markets in recent years,” two Saxo experts wrote. “Bitcoin will keep on rising – and ascend high – during the most part of 2018 but Russia and China will together architect a crash.”

 

The bank predicts that fueled by delayed bullishness over the approach of Bitcoin derivatives, the bitcoin cost will rise around 400 percent from its present level to crest above $60,000 — bringing its market cap to $1 trillion.

 

However, Saxo cautions, bitcoin’s transient climb will be squared with by the rate of its downfall. Worried about capital flight, China and Russia will release a multi-pronged strike on the decentralized digital money ecosystem to “move the concentration away from Bitcoin”. In addition to creating their own, state-supported cryptographic forms of money, the two governments will boycott mining, referring to environmental concerns while in reality, their approach is keeping a check on domestic monetary policy.

 

Bitcoin fans won’t surrender without a battle, but the bank predicts that state-run digital forms of money will prove to work better as payment frameworks, putting a conclusion to the two-year crypto fever and causing the bitcoin cost to lurch down to $1,000.

 

“The smoother working of the state-run conventions for actual payments and value dependability, and additionally the substantial hand of state intervention, drives a diminishing interest for all digital forms of money and totally sidelines the Bitcoin and crypto phenomenon from a price speculation angle even as the innovative guarantee of the blockchain jogs on,” Saxo concludes. “After its peak in 2018, Bitcoin crashes and limps into 2019 at around $1,000.

 

Keep in mind, these expectations are fairly whimsical — the bank intentionally comes up with improbable situations. However, Saxo foretold “gigantic increases for bitcoin” in last year’s release, although the bank’s “ludicrous” forecast that bitcoin would ascend as high as $2,100 has ended up being shockingly conservative.

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