View: 411
Want create site? Find Free WordPress Themes and plugins.

Recently the well known Chinese e-commerce platform Alibaba has sued a Dubai-based ICO for copyright infringement. The dubai ico was functioning by the name of Alibabacoin Foundation and had initially raised $3.5 mln qaccording a Reuters report. The firm was involved in continuous misleading behavior related to Alibaba’s company name. Alibaba clarified that there was no relationship between them and the Alibabacoin Foundation. Furthermore Alibaba also made clear that it had no future intentions to enter the cryptocurrency business.

ico fraud

It was being reported that the Alibabacoin Foundation was aiming to create its own  e-commerce platform by making use of cryptocurrency Alibabacoin which was also generated by the foundation. It introduced itself as a digitally optimized firm which was going to use blockchain technology for various departments such as finance, shopping, security and marketing etc. The firm succeed in generating a handsome amount until it was declared as an ico fraud and a lawsuit was filed against it by Alibaba whose trade name was unlawfully being used by it.

Clarification by Alibaba

Though it was made clear by Alibaba that they had no intention of entering the cryptocurrency business but it should be remembered that it is not the first time that Alibaba has been a part of such rumors regarding its involvement in the crypto industry. It had to eliminate rumours early this year regarding its venture into the cryptocurrency mining industry with the help of its newly developed P2P platform. Alongwith dispelling that rumour the company also announced that Alibaba Cloud had never issued a single fraction of any digital currency from its platform neither it had any intentions to do so in the future.

 

According to a report published last year CEO of Alibaba Jack Ma exclaimed that he had no interest in bitcoin but blockchain technology, which he described as a powerful tool of future technology.

Aftermaths of the Law Suit

After initial hearing the judge issued a short term restrain order against the Alibabacoin Foundation, the lawsuit also circles threefold damages for violations of US and New York law. Further development in the case will be reported after the show cause hearing which will take place on April 11, 2018.

 

However the Alibabacoin Foundation did not pass any comment in this regard. Also, despite the orders issued by the court the company has showed no intentions to roll back its initial coin offering or other related activities.

Did you find apk for android? You can find new Free Android Games and apps.

Leave a Reply

Type Comments Here

Your email address will not be published.

11 + one =

Share Your Toughts

View: 427

bitcoin-1MB block is dangerous

Want create site? Find Free WordPress Themes and plugins.

1MB block is dangerous to Bitcoin

04.07.2017, Barry’s Silbert’s New York agreement receive a new criticism in form of blog from Luke-jr. well-known Bitcoin core developer.

This post came before SegWit2x’ day- the code that carries the roadmap settled upon at Barry’s meeting-entered beta phase.

He says about the Bitcoin’s future with SegWit2x’s. “4–8MB block sizes are not sane. Even 1MB blocks are already clearly dangerous to Bitcoin.” In addition, “I cannot foresee myself consenting to the hard fork proposal under almost any circumstances, except perhaps with a soft fork to limit the size to something reasonable.”

By adding the whole SegWit2x phenomenon, Luke-jr is another source of criticism. He adds, “distraction from the upcoming BIP148 soft Fork, which is already irreversibly deployed to the network.”

Barry’s had hard struggle from the beginning. Accordingly, he also contributes in the meeting, especially Roger Ver showing the sign of U-turn.

The concluded word

Luke-jr was cautious to note any SegWit2x scheming would likely initiate and finished with NYA Bitmain participant. In that scenario, he comes to and ends with the point, “I don’t mean to imply that all the participants to the NYA have this goal [distraction from BIP148] in mind! But rather that the design of SegWit2x is such that it fits this purpose.” In addition,“Bitmain may very well have done this intentionally. but it seems unlikely anyone else intended it.”

Complete detail is available on Twitter,

Did you find apk for android? You can find new Free Android Games and apps.
View: 498

? Bitcoin Trading – Trade Bitcoin for Beginner level | Bitcoin Volatility Index

Want create site? Find Free WordPress Themes and plugins.

Did you find apk for android? You can find new Free Android Games and apps.
View: 440

Blockchain Technology – Will It Change the Future of Accounting Industry?

Want create site? Find Free WordPress Themes and plugins.

There’s going to be a major technological change in the accounting industry soon. No doubt cloud-based technologies, artificial intelligence and process automation have influenced the world, but the most promising one is “blockchain.” If we combine blockchain and accounting, the combination of both can offer some far-fetched business benefits. However, the first question arises – what is blockchain?

what is blockchain

Blockchain

  • Blockchain is a continuously growing, decentralized public ledger of all transactions.
  • Completed transactions/records are called blocks and are dispersed to a P2P network of computers.
  • Blocks are linked to each other in a linear/sequential order.
  • Each block comprises a cryptographic hash of the preceding block, which ensures that the data is secured.
  • The data can be dispersed in a secure way and once the blocks gets recorded, they can’t be changed without shifting blocks subsequently, and that would require the involvement of the majority of the network.
  • When a record is changed, it is allotted a new hash.

Blockchain and Accounting

Blockchain and accounting are related in many cases. Blockchain technology offers the subsequent logical step for more high-tech accounting with various potential influences.

  • Blockchain offers an instant-verifiable and strong set of records that can’t be meddled or changed without the involvement of the whole network.
  • Transactional data would be promptly recorded and added at any time to the blockchain through its own exclusive and unique hash code.
  • If accountants/auditors want to recover that data, they will be required a pertinent hash code.
  • Having blockchain work as a record for transactions will not require the accountants/auditors to interact different departments amidst businesses to get receipts in order to validate transactions.

Streamlined Accounting Strategies

  • Accountants and auditors can standardize records through blockchain and combine them in a ledger, making it accessible to all verified and approved users.
  • When all transactional data is gathered at one place and updated electronically – whenever an alteration is made, accountants and auditors can assess all the activity and can cooperate with the departments to settle accounts.
  • Through such approach, the cost and time linked with manually swotting the transactions can be condensed significantly.

Promptly Verifiable Transactions

  • For auditors, validating transactions and asset history is important, however, this process can take some time and can be complex, especially when businesses have diverse accounts.
  • As data security is becoming more important, blockchain offers a means of demonstrating that files have remained inviolate.
  • With a unique hash, auditors can simply “cross-reference” and can instantly validate transactions.
  • If a record is changed later, a new hash is created and the record once again gets timestamped.
  • If this information varies from what an auditor has there, they can be sure that the record has been altered, as they will have a clear review trail.

blockchain and accounting

Better-Quality Acquiescence and Regulations

  • If we talk about compliance, many companies take quite a few months to modify/update their core accounting and finance developments to put up new regulations, strategies, and standards.
  • With blockchain, alters to the ledger are manifested across all copies within just a few
  • As it’s a decentralized database, no radical changes should be made for the alteration of data.
  • If an accountant wants to update a record, this can be done quite easily and quickly.

Future of Accountants and Auditors

  • The major change – banks have begun to offer accounting type amenities as a chunk of business package.
  • NatWest applied Open Banking protocols in 2017, to share information with FreeAgent, which is a cloud-based accounting product, providing consumers more discernibility over the course and letting them share their data directly amid the bank and accounting software.
  • By adding blockchain and the accurate software to the combination, the record-holding procedure could be mechanized and, by means of open banking protocols, data could be directly shared.

Is there a need for an accountant?

  • The future of accounting/auditing lies in combined-keys as they all can interconnect with each other instantaneously whilst distributing unparalleled sanctuary.
  • Though many would see the technology as a risk, however, it’s a chance for auditors to concentrate on regulations and explore irregularities inside the transactional environment.

The blockchain is a chance to boost processes, however, auditors and accountants can apply their proficiency and vision to deliver value to the customers.

Did you find apk for android? You can find new Free Android Games and apps.
View: 406

Bermuda Is Considering to Become the Very First Country for Regulating ICOs

Want create site? Find Free WordPress Themes and plugins.

Blockchain Task Force was launched last year by the Finance Minister of Bermuda, David Burt. It encompassed an Authorized and Regulatory Working Group which would make sure that the country is creating a blockchain-friendly environment for concerned startups. After four months, Burt came up with another creative idea, which was to make certain that Bermuda is regulating ICOs for the first time in blockchain history.

Blockchain industry

David Burt Views About Blockchain-Related Issues

A statement was published on the official website in which talked about the global developments of blockchain-related matters and also the felonious activities that have been recorded in such areas. While discussing this issue, Burt noted that there’s no doubt that these violations have already existed but the technology behind these advances could unsettle traditional methods without any difficulty.

This is the main reason why it has become so essential for the government to deliver an authorized framework because it will make sure that people are not crossing the bounds of the specified regulations while making advancement in their projects. It’s been stated that:

ICOs have been used to enhance existing product and service offerings and to develop and implement new ones, all without the added costs and burdens of having to hire expensive middlemen to arrange transactions … Bermuda has an opportunity to become a global leader in the Fintech space by being one of the first countries in the world to specifically regulate ICOs. “

ICOs: Limited Trading

Few adjustments will be made in the current Bermuda Laws and a bill will be drafted after that. The finance minister will concede permission to ICOs, and after that, they will be permitted to work legally. But for passing this step, ICOs must have to provide details about the people who are handling the project, roadmaps, hard cap, soft cap, future product development and information of the digital asset.

What should be the next step of Bermuda?

Even though many countries have imposed strict rules and have banned such activities, Burt still suggests that Bermuda should leave its comfort-zone and accept technological revolution there. The parliament of the country is requested to have a discussion on this subject immediately, though, the statement hasn’t specified any date. Burt also highlighted the opportunities that have been set down by blockchain industry and stated:

“We will not stand in the shadows and watch it pass us by.”

Did you find apk for android? You can find new Free Android Games and apps.
View: 592

The blockchain immutability myth

Want create site? Find Free WordPress Themes and plugins.

The blockchain immutability myth

Immutability…. We use this word in daily routine to signify a thing, which can never change. Whereas, in the blockchain, this word is referring to the worldwide transactions. Which is adjust by the participants. Here, the basic approach is, once the block blockchain transactions are complete, it cannot replace or reverse by other transactions.

So, the theory goes. Because

Saint Augustine states, “The highest good, than which there is no higher, is the blockchain. And consequently it is immutably good, hence truly eternal and truly immortal.”

Two prominent examples are,

  1. Under certain conditions, through some necessary adjustment transactions, history can change itself. Here, the question is arises, it easy to bring new changes in the content of the blockchain? Is it really easy?
  2. According to cryptocurrency advocates, immutability achieves only in case of decentralization of economic mechanism. Which is not proper fall at the private sector of the blockchain. Because, they totally depend on the collective behavior of a known group of validators, who are not trustworthy.

Above two circumstances are totally wrong. Because in blockchain there is no immutability thing exist. The proper question is,

Under which circumstance the blockchain will or will not change? And,

Do those conditions match with the problem, we are trying to solve?

Instead, the chain’s behavior depends on the network of a computer system. Before we get into the detail of how we ‘ll summarize the basics of blockchain first.

Brief discussion on Blockchain  

A blockchain system is running onto the different set of nodes. Which may be in control of different companies. There is no individual node who control the others. While nodes are connecting with each other through a proper network. These nodes generate and propagate transactions and rapidly spread to other nodes via digital operations in some kind of database.

Every new upcoming transaction is verified by an independent node. Following are some terms of verification;

1.it is totally in obedience of blockchain rule and regulations.

2. it is completely a digital structure

3. If any transaction passes the test of nodes. It will enter to the local list of not confirm transactions means directly in the memory pool. While others will enter in the orphan pool. In addition, pass transactions will be forward to its peers.

With some intervals, a node which contains the set of as-yet unconfirmed transactions on the network generates a new block. Each block contains the hash (32-byt). Therefore, by creating a little block chain, each block includes the timestamp. Accordingly, link to the previous block via its hash.

Validation Process

Blocks move and verified by nodes across the network like transactions. For the acceptance by the nodes, a block must contain proper transactions including no conflict with other ones. Whereas, with the confirmation of the test, it is entering into the local blockchain and transactions are confirm. Any transaction which conflict with others will discard immediately. Whether they are in memory pool or orphan pool.

Participation of the chain, make the strategy to ensure the generation of blocks.   This ensures indicates that any kind of node. whether it is an individual or a group has no ability to take hold of the blockchain’s content.

Authentication and testing

Proof-of-work a public blockchain allow its users to generate block who has the ability to solve the tricky and fiendishly mathematical puzzle. Whereas, to prevent minority control in private blockchains, blocks are signed by authorized members. In order to create a lawful chain, a product needs to legalize validator by using mining diversity.

Two different validator nodes can generate conflicting blocks when both have the same previous points. However, fork happens. While different blocks are seen by nodes and leading them to have the different opinion about the chain’s history. These forks are resolved on the arrival of new blocks on branches by a blockchain software.

Shorter branch’s node spool back its last block and replay these two blocks on the longer one. Unfortunately, if you are unlucky and both branches will extend. Then the conflict will be resolved by the third and so on. In addition, with the increase in fork’s length, the probability of a fork persisting drops increases. After a small number of the blocks, it can be reduced to zero in private blockchain.

Here, the most important thing to remember is, each node is controlled by a particular person. Where blockchain has not authority to ask some changes in transactions. The main purpose of the chain is to help in sync. But, if participants want to change the rule, no one has authority to stop them.

That is why we need to stop asking about the immutability of blockchain. Because the answer is “no”. Arguably, we consider the conditions under which it needs changes.

 

 

The blockchain immutability myth

Public chain’s mutability

Let’s start with the above mention two examples. We will take the start with the claim that authorization process. Which used in blockchain cannot bring true immutability by public chains. e.g.

Ethereum blockchain faces a devastating situation in June 2016. “the DAO”, loophole found by someone. In which, $250 million were invested and start draining its speed. Which distract the both investor and creator’s intentions. After few days, the ethereum software updated to prevent from hackers. It was publicly supported by Vitalik Buterin that ethereum users will control their own computer system. As a result, a large number of users, blockchain comes with the new name and rules is ethereum. Whereas, minority reject this idea and keep going with ethereum classic. There were more choices for names like ethereum compromise or ethereum pure. Whatever, democracy is the democracy, and everyone has their own rights voice. In addition, ethereum is ten times more than ethereum classic.

Now, we will take a common way, in which blockchain’s immutability will be dilute. Recall that mining of bitcoin and ethereum uses proof of work scheme. Where you get a reward for solving a tricky puzzle. In addition, this reward increases the potential of the users and they solve the relating issues more efficiently. Network continually adjust the rate of block creation. In addition, 10 minutes in bitcoin or 15 seconds in

Immutability of blockchain

Bitcoin has faced the factor difficulty of 350,000x from last 5 years. Today, bitcoin mining is on hardware devices with cheap electricity and in cold weather. Antminer S9 mines the block 10,000 faster than a desktop system. Which burns 10 times more electricity than a system with cost $1089.

To undermine the immutability of bitcoin blockchain, you need to install more mining capacity, then the other network creating 51% attack first. Secondly, through proper testing and approval, mine your own secret branches. Finally, at desired time, release your secret branch to the network anonymously. Then, the whole process of a transaction will be without any scams or hacking issue. It is not easy to install a huge program. It needs a lot of money and electricity as well. And a common man or country who has the shortage of both. Unfortunately, are not able to adopt this way for immutability of bitcoin blockchain.

Let’s estimate the cost of a 51% attack which reverses a year of bitcoin transactions. At the current bitcoin price of $1500 and reward of 15 bitcoins (including transaction fees) per 10-minute block. Miners earn around $1.2 billion per year ($1500 × 15 × 6 × 24 × 365). Reasonably, they are not losing money. So, the total expense should be in the same range.

Rewriteable private chains

Now, let’s have a ride to private blockchains. Which was established for the needs of government and well-reputed organizations. According to the organization’s perspective, immutability is the commercial, legal and regulatory non-starter. Because it allows attacking the network anonymously. whereas, immutability can also be ashore in good behavior of other institutions. With whom, they have authority to sue or sign a contract. It is a bonus because private blockchains are less costly to run. Since blocks need just a node’s approval and digital signature. When a number of validators follow the rules. As a result, you get cheaper and stronger immutability than other digital currencies offer. Furthermore, the percentage of immutability may decrease when participants in chain decide to do so together.

Immutability is nuanced

People who don’t like the traditional banking system and government’s currency are perfect to use proof of work blockchain. Whose immutability rely on economic terms instead of participants. It may be an expensive operation. when parties agree to live with government or wealthy actors and bringing down the network. Accordingly, they believe that cryptocurrency technology and its value continue to grow and it will get more secure.

Finally, for most permission blockchain use cases. We probably don’t want validator nodes to be able to easily and cheaply substitute old blocks in the chain. As Dave Birch says “the way to correct a wrong debit is with a correct credit”. Rather than pretending that the debit never took place. Nonetheless, for those cases where we do need the extra flexibility, chameleon hashes help make blockchains a practical choice.

Good luck!

 

 

Did you find apk for android? You can find new Free Android Games and apps.