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According to the latest information on the website of AUSTRAC (Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre), digital currency exchanges must have to be registered with authorities now and should also commit to several identity checking and reporting procedures. It’s been confirmed by the Australian government as well that the Australian cryptocurrency exchanges are abided by the new AML (Anti-Money Laundering) rules.

The Australian authorities are trying their best to close the remaining loopholes in cryptocurrency usage, concerning identity management and taxation of cryptocurrency. In contrast to a backdrop of discontent due to such sharp upsurge in scams, last week, the Australian Taxation Office was asked for taxpayer’s contribution into how deductions rising from the cryptocurrency returns should be assembled efficiently.

cryptocurrency exchange

Four-Principle Rules

Meanwhile, exchanges now must follow the four prime rules so that they can function above board, as a part of the security reformation. Following are the four rules:

  • Identification and verification of identities of their clients.
  • Keeping particular records for 7-years.
  • Accepting and maintaining a CTF/ AML program for the identification, alleviation, and management of terrorism financing perils and money laundering.
  • 6 months refinement period that will escort the new regulations, in which AUSTRAC will be a lot more compassionate on operators who “fall short of requirements.”
  • Reporting to AUSTRAC sceptical issues, and transactions linked to the physical currency of $10,000 and even more.

The laws relating to cryptocurrency exchanges regulations in Australia are also getting stricter, while the government has guaranteed that the investors wouldn’t feel left out. The Australian government took feedback from the public to know what their views are on the cryptocurrency taxation structure and are they going to like it or not.

The ATO (Australian Tax Office) had also posted:

“We’ve timed this consultation to coincide with an update to our website, which should address some of the feedback we have received to date about our cryptocurrency guidance. We’re eager to hear your feedback about cryptocurrency and its tax implications as the technology may impact how business operates in the future.”

Feedback from Taxpayers

Many governments across the world are getting stricter, especially when it comes to the taxation of cryptocurrencies. Many exchanges are being forced by the governments to disclose the data of consumers and to send out subpoenas to investors who have high net-worth. While many governments are getting stricter, the decision of Australian government to get the feedback from taxpayers before applying these tax laws is notable.

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New Payment System: Bank of England Considers to Analyze Blockchain Features

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On 27th March, The Bank of England stated that it is undertaking a POC (proof-of-concept) to figure out how the new RTGS (Real Time Gross Settlement) facility is capable of interacting with DLT (Distributed Ledger Technology).

blockchain features

Real-Time Gross Settlement

Real Time-Gross Settlement systems are basically special payment systems where the funds transmission is conducted amid banks on a gross basis and in real-time. On the other hand, this means that the transactions are processed immediately after being settled on a one-to-one basis, deprived of connecting with any other transaction. RTGS systems are generally used for “high value” transactions requiring prompt payment and operate by the central bank of a country.

The RTGS blueprint was issued by the Bank of England in May 2017, stating that the new service will be providing a different and flexible variety of settlement models, to make sure that the payment infrastructures have gained access to the money of central bank.

Reason Behind Central Banks’s Announcement

After the announcement by central bank to test blockchain features, it explained the main purpose behind it, which is to develop a payment service, compatible with Blockchain technology. However, in the recent announcement of the central bank, it excluded the idea of transferring to DLT completely due to the immaturity of technology.

The central bank announced that:

“Although the Bank has concluded that Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) is not yet sufficiently mature to provide the core for the next generation of RTGS, it places a high priority on ensuring that the new service is capable of interfacing with DLT as and when it is developed in the wider sterling markets.”

The UK bank is going to cooperate with the companies that develop payment solutions by using advanced technologies. Following are the names of the companies:

  • Baton Systems
  • Clearmatics Technologies Ltd
  • R3
  • Token

The capability of DLT-based payment systems to interrelate with the renewed RTGS service and to qualify techniques in which the service’s performance could be extended will be examined by the project parties. The bank is also considering to report their conclusions by the end this year. Also, the ECB (European Central Bank) along with the BOJ (Bank of Japan) released their Blockchain’s potential study this week, for altering securities settlements.

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Wise Words from Fred Wilson

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Who Are The Top 5 Bitcoin Millionaires?

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Who Are The Top 5 Bitcoin Millionaires

Bitcoin is the king of cryptocurrency and one of the most valuable entities in the financial world. The currency is truly taking a place among economies worldwide. This has led everyone wanting to know about the tycoons of the industry.

By tycoons, we mean the people that have reached the millionaire club in the bitcoin world. They did not do it overnight, it took them years of planning, investment, trading, purchasing, and mining the cryptocurrency.

The actual number of bitcoin millionaires is unknown. This is because the crypto is stored in virtual wallets. While these wallets and the amount contained within is public knowledge, the people who own them are protected. Besides, a single bitcoin user can own multiple wallets, so it is impossible to determine the actual number of users of Bitcoin.

List of Top Bitcoin Millionaires:

Here are the top 5 Bitcoin Millionaires.

Jared Kenna:

Who Are The Top Bitcoin Millionaires

The first ever purchase of Jared Kenna was a batch of $0.20 apiece. He later sold them for $258 apiece. Smart move! In 2010, he also lost $200k in Bitcoin but that did not stand in the way of him to continue his Bitcoin adventure. Jared Kenna is considered to be the richest but he refuses to disclose his real worth.

Winklevoss Twins:

Who Are The Top Bitcoin Millionaires

The Winklevoss twins, who are also Facebook litigants joined the Bitcoin millionaire club long before the crypto was popular. According to the New York times, the twins have racked up around 11 million from their investments and are one of the top Bitcoin investors out there.

Charlie Shrem:

Who Are The Top Bitcoin Millionaires

Charlie Shrem came across Bitcoin in 2011. His first purchase was a batch that cost $3-4 apiece. He later went on to buy a thousand more when they hit $20 apiece. Charlie Shrem also owns a company ‘BitInstant’ that allows people to buy Bitcoin in a physical store.

Roger Ver:

Who Are The Top Bitcoin Millionaires

Ver started investing in bitcoin in 2011. His first ever investment was in Charlie Shrem’s BitInstant. The investment enabled the company to hire their first programmer and a designer. The other significant investments of Roger Ver are:

  • Ripple
  • info
  • Kraken

Yifu Guo:

Who Are The Top Bitcoin Millionaires

Yifu Guo made his first bitcoin investment when he was a student at the New York University. Then he went on to form Avalon – a company which is responsible for building necessary gear required for bitcoin mining. Guo’s goal is to raise awareness among the common folk about bitcoin and ensure network availability over the long period of time.

Final Word:

These are some top millionaires of Bitcoin world. There are more, but mentioning them all is out of bounds. This is because some choose not to disclose their identity while the others – their assets. So, it’s extremely hard to compile a full fledge list.

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Bitcoin Future — What Will Happen When There’ll Be No Bitcoin to Mine?

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In the month of April 2018, 17 millionth Bitcoin was mined. But why this number is significant? Well, only four million tokens are left to mine. Bitcoin’s blockchain protocol is what makes Bitcoin mining a bit difficult, and the Bitcoin reward for mining a block also splits every 210,000 blocks. As seen, 12.5 BTC reward is received by the miners for unlocking a new block.

future of bitcoin mining

Mining of the Last Bitcoin

At this time, miners are deeply encouraged to mine so that they can get gradually more treasured Bitcoin tokens as a reward — before the supply reaches the capacity. However, when 21 million market cap is hit, there won’t be any Bitcoin rewards for miners. Though, transactions will be still required to get validated and stored on blocks, so that miners can profit from the transaction fees.

Segwit

  • Last year, the issue of scalability – block capacity – transaction costs showed up.
  • 1MB size limit for blocks was implemented by Nakamoto for halting miners making bigger blocks that were expected to be excluded from the network, as it could cause the blockchain to split.
  • At that time, the limit was big enough because of the small number of transactions. However, apprehensions that elevated were ultimately comprehended as Bitcoin advanced in popularity.
  • Ultimately, Bitcoin Core developers came up with a solution under the name “Segregated Witness,” which is more commonly known as SegWit.
  • Fundamentally, Segwit splits non-signature data from signature data of all transactions — significantly reduces transaction sizes that are stored on a block.
  • Moreover, it cancels out transaction flexibility by eliminating signatures from transaction data, paving the way for ‘Lightning Network’ incorporation.

Eventually, Segwit was implemented in August 2017, as a foremost stakeholder from the major Bitcoin mining pools and Bitcoin companies – for a solution to high transactions fees instigated by an accumulation due to the block size limits.

Core warning — the implementation of Segwit was possible because of the consent of the Bitcoin community. Even though there were huge concerns such as the inadequacies of Segwit2X, the community was divided up and the change was certainly not implemented.

  • Since August 2017, the implementation of Segwit has been slow across the global network. However, Bitfinex and Coinbase only presented the alteration in February 2018.
  • The launch matched with reducing the transaction fees – a testament to the envisioned outcome of Segwit incorporation.

future of bitcoin mining
Lightning Network

  • SegWit’s implementation laid the foundation for second layer solutions as well, in order to improve the network of Bitcoin.
  • The most projected one is the Lightning Network – it will do the same as the SegWit – though on a grander scale.
  • In terms of layman, the Lightning Network lets users excavate many payment channels amid themselves – off the Bitcoin blockchain.
  • The channel is going to be opened and recorded on the blockchain, though transactions will be made “off chain” till the payment channel is closed.
  • Basically, Bitcoin is deposited in this channel by users, so that they could make transactions by transferring potential of possession to each other.
  • When they plan to close the channel, users take their part of the total sum – the ownership of those sums is recorded on the blockchain.

This second layer solution matters a lot, as it will significantly upsurge the speed of transactions and the whole network. But if we talk about the future of bitcoin mining, this does stance few interesting questions for miners in the upcoming time. Once all 21 million Bitcoin have been mined – transaction fees would be the one and only incentive for miners. If the Lightning Network is completely integrated by that time, there’d be quite fewer transactions being recorded per-day. This could at the same time affect the amount of money that miners will be getting from transactions. Though, if we look 100 years from now, it is expected that all of these issues will have been solved by the wider crypto-community and Bitcoin Core developers.

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Bitcoin Averted a Split – Now What’s Next for Bitcoin

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The Bitcoin development community is embracing a software upgrade which is known as SegWit. The purpose of SegWit is to increase the transaction capacity of the network and to avoid a split which possible in the cryptocurrency. As Bitcoin averted a split and here is what some proponents have to say about “What’s next for Bitcoin”.

Digital Currency Exchange

Adam White:

The head of Digital currency exchange ‘GDAX’, Adam White said, we are going to experience a better utility of the network. People can use Bitcoin as a source to transfer money more easily, more cheaply, and more quickly. It’ll attract the new users to the network.

There’ll possibly open blockchains like Bitcoin as we’re going forward, and that will be slow or conservative progression. But there’ll be other blockchains as Ethereum which may move much rapidly and it’ll introduce a larger platform for developers to lead it at the top. According to Adam White, both things will balance each other, not compete.

Elizbeth Stark:

According to the head of startup Lightning Labs, Bitcoin does not have Turning-Complete language as Ethereum, but there’re some new amazing factors which will enable to do so when SegWit will implement. She gave few examples as:

  • Small transaction as less than 1 cent, which may replace “ad networks”.
  • Instant-transaction confirmation in milliseconds.
  • Bitcoin can get a lot of its own ICOs.

Matthew Werner:

The head of payments engineering at Coinbase describes that it is a beneficial step for Bitcoin. There were a lot of queries about a Split but reaching a consensus for how to scale the Bitcoin further is obviously a huge step. Allowing things like Lighting Network and activating SegWit will be a great thing. By expanding the block size, we’ll be able to increase the number of users on a network. The element BIP91 came through and it’s a good signal because everyone wants to grow this network further.

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