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Bitcoin’s value increases with time. When bitcoin outperformed the U.S dollars by 30 percent. It became the best performing currency in 2017. Here, I’ll discuss some comparison with you, about the bitcoin profitability.

Gold, silver, litecoin, Altcoin vs Bitcoin

The 2017 year is best for bitcoin. This cryptocurrency achieves $5 bln market cap in early April. Gold is a precious metal with an extremely limited supply. Whereas, silver is a precious metal also limited in supply. The historic gold/silver ratio is 16:1, meaning 16 ounces of silver were equal to the 1 ounce of gold. The recent ratio of the gold/silver is 64:1, or 0.015625.

In 2013, Bitcoin price reaches to $1242 per coin. Unfortunately, on the same day, gold’s price was $1240. Whereas, litecoin reaches $48.47 per coin that time. In addition, silver’s price in late 2011, was $49.76 per ounce.

Bitcoin has an extremely limited supply and its mining is in digital form. Whereas, Litecoin is also limited in supply but not as bitcoin. The designed ratio of bitcoin/lite coin was, every 4 litecoin will equal to 1 bitcoin. The recent ratio of BTC/LTC is 80:1, or 0.01239. An abnormal difference of 20%.

Gold/BTC current ratios are similar. But their values cross each other. It is totally insane to compare gold/silver with bitcoin. The reason is, gold and silver have physical worth. Whereas, BTC/LTC both are the digital currencies.

Yes, we can compare BTC with other cryptocurrencies. Here, a question is, what is the future of bitcoin in 2017. Its answer is completely simple. Bitcoin’s future will be bright. Because it crosses the precious metal price.

Bitcoin vs Litecoin

Block time for bitcoin is 10 minutes. Whereas, litecoin’s block time is 2.5 minutes. The recent ratio of BTC/LTC is 80:1, or 0.01239.

There are a number of litecoins available in the market, i.e. 84 million. Whereas, bitcoins will not exceed the limit of 21million.

The other major difference between litecoin is the cheaper option for bitcoin miners while bitcoin mining procedure has some difficulties.

Bitcoin uses the longstanding SHA-256 algorithm, whereas litecoin uses the new algorithm known as Scrypt.

Bitcoin vs Altcoin, Ethereum

There are more than 500 cryptocurrencies. Few of them are known in financial markets, all over the world. 2017 is going well for cryptocurrencies. After the success of the Bitcoin, most of the digital currencies are active in the financial sector of the world.

Most of the altcoins are built upon the same framework. Which provide the cheapest ways of transactions on the internet. while ethereum gives developers the opportunity to create all sorts of applications that carry out their own set of operations.

Conclusion

Many other cryptocurrencies trying to target the bitcoin’s perceived limitations. Unfortunately, bitcoin has maintained its value. From above discussion, we conclude that, its golden chance to invest in the bitcoin world.

Bitcoin in 2017

 

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The blockchain immutability myth

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The blockchain immutability myth

Immutability…. We use this word in daily routine to signify a thing, which can never change. Whereas, in the blockchain, this word is referring to the worldwide transactions. Which is adjust by the participants. Here, the basic approach is, once the block blockchain transactions are complete, it cannot replace or reverse by other transactions.

So, the theory goes. Because

Saint Augustine states, “The highest good, than which there is no higher, is the blockchain. And consequently it is immutably good, hence truly eternal and truly immortal.”

Two prominent examples are,

  1. Under certain conditions, through some necessary adjustment transactions, history can change itself. Here, the question is arises, it easy to bring new changes in the content of the blockchain? Is it really easy?
  2. According to cryptocurrency advocates, immutability achieves only in case of decentralization of economic mechanism. Which is not proper fall at the private sector of the blockchain. Because, they totally depend on the collective behavior of a known group of validators, who are not trustworthy.

Above two circumstances are totally wrong. Because in blockchain there is no immutability thing exist. The proper question is,

Under which circumstance the blockchain will or will not change? And,

Do those conditions match with the problem, we are trying to solve?

Instead, the chain’s behavior depends on the network of a computer system. Before we get into the detail of how we ‘ll summarize the basics of blockchain first.

Brief discussion on Blockchain  

A blockchain system is running onto the different set of nodes. Which may be in control of different companies. There is no individual node who control the others. While nodes are connecting with each other through a proper network. These nodes generate and propagate transactions and rapidly spread to other nodes via digital operations in some kind of database.

Every new upcoming transaction is verified by an independent node. Following are some terms of verification;

1.it is totally in obedience of blockchain rule and regulations.

2. it is completely a digital structure

3. If any transaction passes the test of nodes. It will enter to the local list of not confirm transactions means directly in the memory pool. While others will enter in the orphan pool. In addition, pass transactions will be forward to its peers.

With some intervals, a node which contains the set of as-yet unconfirmed transactions on the network generates a new block. Each block contains the hash (32-byt). Therefore, by creating a little block chain, each block includes the timestamp. Accordingly, link to the previous block via its hash.

Validation Process

Blocks move and verified by nodes across the network like transactions. For the acceptance by the nodes, a block must contain proper transactions including no conflict with other ones. Whereas, with the confirmation of the test, it is entering into the local blockchain and transactions are confirm. Any transaction which conflict with others will discard immediately. Whether they are in memory pool or orphan pool.

Participation of the chain, make the strategy to ensure the generation of blocks.   This ensures indicates that any kind of node. whether it is an individual or a group has no ability to take hold of the blockchain’s content.

Authentication and testing

Proof-of-work a public blockchain allow its users to generate block who has the ability to solve the tricky and fiendishly mathematical puzzle. Whereas, to prevent minority control in private blockchains, blocks are signed by authorized members. In order to create a lawful chain, a product needs to legalize validator by using mining diversity.

Two different validator nodes can generate conflicting blocks when both have the same previous points. However, fork happens. While different blocks are seen by nodes and leading them to have the different opinion about the chain’s history. These forks are resolved on the arrival of new blocks on branches by a blockchain software.

Shorter branch’s node spool back its last block and replay these two blocks on the longer one. Unfortunately, if you are unlucky and both branches will extend. Then the conflict will be resolved by the third and so on. In addition, with the increase in fork’s length, the probability of a fork persisting drops increases. After a small number of the blocks, it can be reduced to zero in private blockchain.

Here, the most important thing to remember is, each node is controlled by a particular person. Where blockchain has not authority to ask some changes in transactions. The main purpose of the chain is to help in sync. But, if participants want to change the rule, no one has authority to stop them.

That is why we need to stop asking about the immutability of blockchain. Because the answer is “no”. Arguably, we consider the conditions under which it needs changes.

 

 

The blockchain immutability myth

Public chain’s mutability

Let’s start with the above mention two examples. We will take the start with the claim that authorization process. Which used in blockchain cannot bring true immutability by public chains. e.g.

Ethereum blockchain faces a devastating situation in June 2016. “the DAO”, loophole found by someone. In which, $250 million were invested and start draining its speed. Which distract the both investor and creator’s intentions. After few days, the ethereum software updated to prevent from hackers. It was publicly supported by Vitalik Buterin that ethereum users will control their own computer system. As a result, a large number of users, blockchain comes with the new name and rules is ethereum. Whereas, minority reject this idea and keep going with ethereum classic. There were more choices for names like ethereum compromise or ethereum pure. Whatever, democracy is the democracy, and everyone has their own rights voice. In addition, ethereum is ten times more than ethereum classic.

Now, we will take a common way, in which blockchain’s immutability will be dilute. Recall that mining of bitcoin and ethereum uses proof of work scheme. Where you get a reward for solving a tricky puzzle. In addition, this reward increases the potential of the users and they solve the relating issues more efficiently. Network continually adjust the rate of block creation. In addition, 10 minutes in bitcoin or 15 seconds in

Immutability of blockchain

Bitcoin has faced the factor difficulty of 350,000x from last 5 years. Today, bitcoin mining is on hardware devices with cheap electricity and in cold weather. Antminer S9 mines the block 10,000 faster than a desktop system. Which burns 10 times more electricity than a system with cost $1089.

To undermine the immutability of bitcoin blockchain, you need to install more mining capacity, then the other network creating 51% attack first. Secondly, through proper testing and approval, mine your own secret branches. Finally, at desired time, release your secret branch to the network anonymously. Then, the whole process of a transaction will be without any scams or hacking issue. It is not easy to install a huge program. It needs a lot of money and electricity as well. And a common man or country who has the shortage of both. Unfortunately, are not able to adopt this way for immutability of bitcoin blockchain.

Let’s estimate the cost of a 51% attack which reverses a year of bitcoin transactions. At the current bitcoin price of $1500 and reward of 15 bitcoins (including transaction fees) per 10-minute block. Miners earn around $1.2 billion per year ($1500 × 15 × 6 × 24 × 365). Reasonably, they are not losing money. So, the total expense should be in the same range.

Rewriteable private chains

Now, let’s have a ride to private blockchains. Which was established for the needs of government and well-reputed organizations. According to the organization’s perspective, immutability is the commercial, legal and regulatory non-starter. Because it allows attacking the network anonymously. whereas, immutability can also be ashore in good behavior of other institutions. With whom, they have authority to sue or sign a contract. It is a bonus because private blockchains are less costly to run. Since blocks need just a node’s approval and digital signature. When a number of validators follow the rules. As a result, you get cheaper and stronger immutability than other digital currencies offer. Furthermore, the percentage of immutability may decrease when participants in chain decide to do so together.

Immutability is nuanced

People who don’t like the traditional banking system and government’s currency are perfect to use proof of work blockchain. Whose immutability rely on economic terms instead of participants. It may be an expensive operation. when parties agree to live with government or wealthy actors and bringing down the network. Accordingly, they believe that cryptocurrency technology and its value continue to grow and it will get more secure.

Finally, for most permission blockchain use cases. We probably don’t want validator nodes to be able to easily and cheaply substitute old blocks in the chain. As Dave Birch says “the way to correct a wrong debit is with a correct credit”. Rather than pretending that the debit never took place. Nonetheless, for those cases where we do need the extra flexibility, chameleon hashes help make blockchains a practical choice.

Good luck!

 

 

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How to Find Out If an ICO Is Worth Your Time or Not?

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If you want 2018 to be the most profitable year for you, then it’s time to make some smart investments, as advantageous opportunities are still there waiting for you. Technology gets advanced real-quick, so you make an investment in something promising like ICOs. But which one is the best ICO to invest in? Well, it’s obligatory to choose an ICO launched by a reliable company that means business; or else, you might have to cope with a thwarting experience that might even daunt you from investing anymore.

Best ico invest

Future Development

  • It’s imperative to know the nature of a business, which starts by evaluating whether the ICO has been created by a trustworthy company or not.
  • New tokens must have a connection with the business model of the company.
  • It’s important to know the purpose of the token as well as its worth for the firm.
  • Apart from going for a well-organized business with a robust plan, the investor must comprehend the feasibility of the financial and economic model behind the ICO.
  • The platform must explain the post-ICO strategy clearly as well as its future development.
  • Nevertheless, funds that are raised through ICO should have an evident purpose.
  • The top ICO is the one that describes all the targets and objectives that the business is ready to accomplish in the future.

Ability of Team

  • Stay away from ICOs that run anonymously.
  • An ICO website should have each and every detail about the team.
  • A hard-working team will showcase the abilities of members through their project.

ICOs have become a huge hit for investors, and the technology behind them is extremely complicated.

 

Implementation

Scrutinize not only the business idea but also the possible long-term operation. Many ICOs seem great on paper, however, the idea behind them is unrealistic. Also, make sure that the project has a robust and feasible idea behind it.

ICO Scalability

A business that doesn’t have any aim to scale will not go so far; showing a lack of perception from the team and the circumstance of having no goal in mind. Deprived of any target, it will be quite easy for the whole project to ultimately fail.

ICO Transparency

  • You should have complete access to information before you deposit even a single penny.
  • If you hardly understand what ICO all about is and find no communication means to find out more, don’t invest in it.
  • The whitepaper signifies the idea and mission statement that explains the business and how investments are going to be used.
  • It must encompass enough details for investors and the platform should be mainly substantial as well – offering easy access to inclusive materials about the activity of the company.

 

Presence of Social Media Platforms

  • Online presence matters a lot. The company behind the ICO has to be active on social media networks including; Facebook and Twitter.
  • The blog posts and social media accounts must also contain educational content so that investors can get informed related to the current state of the cryptocurrency market.

 

 

Project Phase

  • Developers that don’t have enough experience can turn your investment into an anarchy. So, do not take a chance of investing in ICOs that are launched by inexpert individuals.
  • Consequently, the best option is to stick to an ICO that is developed by a company that has a strong position and is stable on the market.

 

Soft Cap and Hard Cap

  • Pay attention to the soft and hard caps of the ICO.
  • Make sure to take a long look at the roadmap, submitted by the company as portion of their whitepaper and ensure that the hard cap makes sense.

 

Tokens Management

  • The token distribution structure should not errand the developers. This could also specify that the intention of team is to increase their own financial gains whenever the value of token will upsurge.

According to a recent report, 204 ICOs were analyzed with known-outcome and the data shows that ICOs created an average ROI of 1,320%.

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Bitcoin Price Once Again Struggles to Sustain Momentum

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Bitcoin price has rebounded from $6,500 to $7,034 with the market cap of $125 billion, at this very moment. Other smaller cryptocurrencies including VeChain and Steem have somehow surpassed bitcoin with a 50% and 25% surge in value, respectively, while other major cryptocurrencies like Ethereum, EOS, Bitcoin Cash, Ripple, and Litecoin have also performed quite well over the past few days.

bitcoin price surge

Bitcoin Price Surge

Since 30th March, bitcoin couldn’t surpass the $7,000 mark, due to its low volume.  However, on 25th March, Bitcoin price achieved $9,000, with comparatively strong volumes on the cryptocurrency exchanges. But since then, the price of bitcoin has seen a constant decline. Even though the price of Bitcoin went to $8,800 but then again, it failed to sustain momentum and its price fell to $6,400.

For surpassing the $7,500-mark, Bitcoin will have to sustain its volume for the next few days, then it will be able to move back to the $8,000 mark.  At this time, the RSI (Relative Strength Index) of bitcoin is at 39.2 however, earlier, it was at 30, indicating oversold situations. Bitcoin is currently being traded in a neutral zone, also the top-cryptocurrency hasn’t shown any overwhelming sell volumes.

Therefore, the next few days are going to be really important for bitcoin, as its value has increased over the past 48 hours, and according to bitcoin’s MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence), it has started to gain a little bit momentum.

Jon Matonis’s Views About Bitcoin

A well-known investor, an executive at VISA and the co-founder of Bitcoin Foundation, Jon Matonis, has stated that the entrance of financial institutions such as Goldman Sachs could lead to an increase in the demand towards bitcoin (in the mid-term). Different Bitcoin analysis are being done, but if the leading cryptocurrency can recuperate from its present bear cycle, then experts like Matonis are predicting a bull run for the top-cryptocurrency, Bitcoin.

Matonis said:

“I think it’s fabulous that they’re getting into it because it brings in new liquidity. They’re going to develop futures markets, options markets, I even think you’re going to start to see interest rate markets around bitcoin. We’re used to hearing things about Libor, the index for bitcoin interest rates is Bibor”

SEC Against ICOs

Also, according to the New York Times report, the ICO founders, called Centra, were arrested for defying US SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) as they were distributing securities without getting any approval from the US Securities and Exchange Commission. If the SEC still keeps on curbing ICOs, it could lead to a wane in motion within the ICO ecosystem, globally.

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Bitcoin Mining News – Some Bitcoin Miners can get Help from The Rise of Ethereum

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Bitcoin Mining News:

Bitcoin mining is getting more difficult with the passage of time, so now it is taking more money and electricity to mine for the digital currency than ever before.

The rising worth of Ether, another digital currency, and the appreciation of Bitcoin can help to maintain the productivity of Bitcoin mining, in spite of increasing costs and difficulty.

It is becoming more difficult and problematic to mine bitcoins, but miners are not packing up their servers because of this. the number of available bitcoins for mining has decreased from 50 Bitcoin per block. According to a financial technology analytics service “NEXT”, the number of bitcoins available for mining was 12.5 Bitcoin per block when it initially came onto the scene.  According to a Bitcoin countdown site, this number has set to decrease about to 6 Bitcoin on June 19, 2020.

In the starting days of the technology, a few computer systems were able to mine hundreds of coins in about three to four days. Sebastian Quinn-Watson, a consultant with a bitcoin mining firm reveals that is not what the fall looks like today. Sebastian Quinn-Watson said, today, about 1700 bitcoins are generated per day. Basically, we all are fighting for about one coin every 10 minutes.

Quinn-Watson said the rise in the value of Ether is a trend which can help Bitcoin miners.

Ethereum on The Rise:

 

Ether is the most prominent rival of Bitcoin which is controlled by the Ethereum blockchain, Ether has gone high over 2000% since last year. Until the June, the digital currency was on its way to beat Bitcoin as the largest digital currency of the world, by market cap, according to Coindesk, since its market share has pulled back.

According to Sebastian Quinn-Watson, miners could get benefit from the future appreciation in the price of Bitcoin. If the appreciation of Bitcoin was to overtake the rise in the mining cost, then the productivity of the business will remain unaffected.

Business Inside Volatility:

 

To be sure, the price of Bitcoin is high about 250% since last year. But it has experienced recently extreme swings in its price. Some miners have credited this instability to current civil war between crypto-power brokers. This did not bother Sebastian Quinn-Watson, he told that the Business Inside instability or volatility is exciting. He said, we welcome the volatility and look at this as required aftershock of the Cambrian explosion which Blockchain.

Story Credit: businessinsider.com

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