Since its release in 2009, Bitcoin has completely revolutionized the cryptocurrency world. Incalculable imitators have made several attempts to dethrone BTC from the top spot, but Bitcoin still remains the undisputed king of digital currency.
However, this does not mean that Bitcoin is cruising through the digital world with ease. There are some huge names trailing hard Bitcoin by introducing super cool features in an attempt to overtake BTC. One of those names is Ethereum – the fiercest rival of Bitcoin – although there is still a long way to go to catch up.
The most important question is: “can Ethereum really live up to the hype surrounding it and usurp Bitcoin’s supremacy?”
Bitcoin is often revered as a counter to government and central bank. The users tend to be more conscious; both economically and politically and are more motivated ideologically.
Ethereum users tend to be less ideologically motivated. They normally seem to be content giving away authority to a singular entity that is Vitalik Buterin – the inventor of Ethereum. The Etheruem community’s focus is to take on the business and technology in the future.
The scripting language in Bitcoin is limited, which means it doesn’t only confer the ownership coins but also comes with a certain set of instructions. Moreover, the scripting language enables a user to lock up the coins for a certain period of time.
Bitcoin blockchain currently comprises of 1MB Blocks and can process around 3 transactions per second. Each block may take up to 10 minutes to mine. The mining is done through ASIC hardware in Bitcoin blockchain.
Unlike Bitcoin, the blocks in Ethereum blockchain are of variable size. Moreover, it’s much faster than its Bitcoin counterpart. Where a Bitcoin blockchain performs only 3 transactions per second, the ETH blockchain can perform up to 25 transactions per second.
Bitcoin’s maximum limit is set at 21 million. The currency is designed to never go beyond the said number. Moreover, its issuance is halved every 4 years, which means the currency won’t reach its maximum limit until the year 2140. Currently, there are 11 million bitcoins in circulation.
Ethereum’s annual issuance rate is much higher than Bitcoin – 18 million to be precise. This represents an inflation rate of -20% at the current supply. Due to the fact that Ethereum is not consumed by a software program and rather sent to the miner of the associated transaction, its value is likely to go further down in the longer run.
Looking at the bigger picture, Bitcoin is a safe bet and will easily continue to dominate the cryptocurrency world. On the other hand, there is a large amount of uncertainty surrounding Ethereum, which consequently leads many users to lose interest in ETH.
There are various warriors out there fighting for the cryptocurrency crown, but the lead runners are Bitcoin and Ethereum and both have serious backing. Due to the increase in competition, it is important for investors to understand the similarities and differences between the two.
What is Bitcoin
Bitcoin is the first form of digital currency which was created by Satoshi Nakamoto. Since everything is shown on the public ledger, the blockchain, you can be confident that the transaction is legitimate. Bitcoin offers lower transaction fees than traditional online payment mechanisms and has no interference of banks. Also, it is used to buy things electronically. In that sense, it’s like conventional dollars, euros, or yen, which are also trading digitally at the moment.
What is Ethereum
Ethereum is meant to be much more than a payment system. It is also based on blockchain technology and was introduced to supplement decentralized applications.
It even features smart contracts and the Ethereum Virtual Machine. Firstly, Ethereum’s smart contracts allow contract negotiation and facilitation using an app which provides a decentralized way to verify and enforce them. It is powered by the Ethereum cryptocurrency Ether, which is held in the Ethereum wallet. Their aim is to provide greater security than normal contracts and bring down the associated cost. Also, the Ethereum Virtual Machine helps to create blockchain applications in a much easier and efficient way, enabling people to run any program.
Bitcoin vs. Ethereum:
In Bitcoin blockchain, miners mine to earn bitcoins and two-thirds of all available bitcoins have already been mined. The reward for mining halves about every four years and it’s current value is at 12.5 bitcoins with average block time as 10 minutes. Due to this block time, Bitcoin is suffering from slow transaction speeds thus, vendors and purchasers are choosing to shift.
On the other hand, Ethereum rewards its miners with ethers, which is a kind of token that fuels the network. You earn 5 ethers given for each block and unlike Bitcoin, Ethereum’s block time is 12 seconds. Ethereum’s GHOST protocol enables quick block time. The faster the block time, the quicker the confirmations. However, there are also more orphaned blocks. Ethereum gives application developers the opportunity to create all sorts of applications that carry out their own set of operations, which have never been seen before. While smart contracts are set up to be unchanging and trustworthy, they are still ultimately a creation of humans who are capable of error.
Another major difference is the supply of Bitcoin, which is exceedingly low, with just 16.24 million left from 21 million. Whereas, Ethereum has over 89,752,192 coins currently existing. This is an advantage for Ethereum since Bitcoin might be left behind due to its low supply.
Furthermore, both Ethereum and bitcoin use different hashing algorithms. While Bitcoin uses SHA-256 algorithm that produces a number in hexadecimal format, Ethereum uses Ethash algorithm.
As we glance into the future, it’s hard to get a grip on who exactly is going to be on top of the chain. Over the years, Bitcoin has become more and more popular, there has been a steady increase in volume since the beginning of 2017. It now represents a technological breakthrough that has the potential to change the way the world banks. Now standing on $2209, for the first time in history, surpassing even the price of gold.
However, as high as Bitcoin pushes, it is going to drag Ethereum with it as well, which is now trading at $175. While the future of Ether is more uncertain than the future of Bitcoin, the potential gains are also much greater.
Both digital currencies continue to push all-time highs for almost every available metric and show no or very little signs of slowing down.
The price of Litecoin has seen a decline after LitePay’s debit card launch, which was scrubbed at the last minute and delayed indefinitely.
Litecoin Price Drops By 4%:
The cryptocurrency market has sustained to shake off the crash that it has experienced this weekend, and most of the large-cap cryptocurrencies have seen strong gains against the US dollar.
The cryptocurrency market index has increased by almost 7%, while Litecoin has seen a decline in its price by almost 4%. At this very moment, the price of Litecoin is $212, which shows that this cryptocurrency has seen a single-day decline of 4% and has the market cap of $11.7 billion. The huge chunk of Litecoin trading volume is focused on OKEx, which accounts for more than 31% of all LTC volume. Especially, KRW pairs, which frequently spike on altcoin recovery, contain a comparatively small amount of Litecoin trading at this time.
The current decline in the price of Litecoin appears to be related to the planned launch of LitePay (fintech startup), which was planned to take place on 26th February, but was partially postponed at the last minute and delayed indeterminately.
According to a report, LitePay is intended to offer a solution based on LTC payments that will make it quite simple for traders to accept Litecoin. This service will also issue a debit card, which will be LTC-funded, letting the users to circuitously spend their coins at almost any business.
The statement that LitePay would be launched on 26th February, led to a momentous Litecoin price rally. Though, the company also sent an email to its users just ahead of the planned launch, notifying them that an essential factor of the firm’s business model which is the “LTC-funded debit card” had been postponed indeterminately due to the antagonistic activities by card issuers towards crypto communities.
It is also said by LitPay, that it will open trader’s registration as planned, however, the indeterminate delay on the debit card service of it, caught lots of users by unexpectedly and have likely contributed to the bad performance of Litcoin today.
Immutability…. We use this word in daily routine to signify a thing, which can never change. Whereas, in the blockchain, this word is referring to the worldwide transactions. Which is adjust by the participants. Here, the basic approach is, once the block blockchain transactions are complete, it cannot replace or reverse by other transactions.
So, the theory goes. Because
Saint Augustine states, “The highest good, than which there is no higher, is the blockchain. And consequently it is immutably good, hence truly eternal and truly immortal.”
Two prominent examples are,
Under certain conditions, through some necessary adjustment transactions, history can change itself. Here, the question is arises, it easy to bring new changes in the content of the blockchain? Is it really easy?
According to cryptocurrency advocates, immutability achieves only in case of decentralization of economic mechanism. Which is not proper fall at the private sector of the blockchain. Because, they totally depend on the collective behavior of a known group of validators, who are not trustworthy.
Above two circumstances are totally wrong. Because in blockchain there is no immutability thing exist. The proper question is,
Under which circumstance the blockchain will or will not change? And,
Do those conditions match with the problem, we are trying to solve?
Instead, the chain’s behavior depends on the network of a computer system. Before we get into the detail of how we ‘ll summarize the basics of blockchain first.
Brief discussion on Blockchain
A blockchain system is running onto the different set of nodes. Which may be in control of different companies. There is no individual node who control the others. While nodes are connecting with each other through a proper network. These nodes generate and propagate transactions and rapidly spread to other nodes via digital operations in some kind of database.
Every new upcoming transaction is verified by an independent node. Following are some terms of verification;
1.it is totally in obedience of blockchain rule and regulations.
2. it is completely a digital structure
3. If any transaction passes the test of nodes. It will enter to the local list of not confirm transactions means directly in the memory pool. While others will enter in the orphan pool. In addition, pass transactions will be forward to its peers.
With some intervals, a node which contains the set of as-yet unconfirmed transactions on the network generates a new block. Each block contains the hash (32-byt). Therefore, by creating a little block chain, each block includes the timestamp. Accordingly, link to the previous block via its hash.
Blocks move and verified by nodes across the network like transactions. For the acceptance by the nodes, a block must contain proper transactions including no conflict with other ones. Whereas, with the confirmation of the test, it is entering into the local blockchain and transactions are confirm. Any transaction which conflict with others will discard immediately. Whether they are in memory pool or orphan pool.
Participation of the chain, make the strategy to ensure the generation of blocks. This ensures indicates that any kind of node. whether it is an individual or a group has no ability to take hold of the blockchain’s content.
Authentication and testing
Proof-of-work a public blockchain allow its users to generate block who has the ability to solve the tricky and fiendishly mathematical puzzle. Whereas, to prevent minority control in private blockchains, blocks are signed by authorized members. In order to create a lawful chain, a product needs to legalize validator by using mining diversity.
Two different validator nodes can generate conflicting blocks when both have the same previous points. However, fork happens. While different blocks are seen by nodes and leading them to have the different opinion about the chain’s history. These forks are resolved on the arrival of new blocks on branches by a blockchain software.
Shorter branch’s node spool back its last block and replay these two blocks on the longer one. Unfortunately, if you are unlucky and both branches will extend. Then the conflict will be resolved by the third and so on. In addition, with the increase in fork’s length, the probability of a fork persisting drops increases. After a small number of the blocks, it can be reduced to zero in private blockchain.
Here, the most important thing to remember is, each node is controlled by a particular person. Where blockchain has not authority to ask some changes in transactions. The main purpose of the chain is to help in sync. But, if participants want to change the rule, no one has authority to stop them.
That is why we need to stop asking about the immutability of blockchain. Because the answer is “no”. Arguably, we consider the conditions under which it needs changes.
Public chain’s mutability
Let’s start with the above mention two examples. We will take the start with the claim that authorization process. Which used in blockchain cannot bring true immutability by public chains. e.g.
Ethereum blockchain faces a devastating situation in June 2016. “the DAO”, loophole found by someone. In which, $250 million were invested and start draining its speed. Which distract the both investor and creator’s intentions. After few days, the ethereum software updated to prevent from hackers. It was publicly supported by Vitalik Buterin that ethereum users will control their own computer system. As a result, a large number of users, blockchain comes with the new name and rules is ethereum. Whereas, minority reject this idea and keep going with ethereum classic. There were more choices for names like ethereum compromise or ethereum pure. Whatever, democracy is the democracy, and everyone has their own rights voice. In addition, ethereum is ten times more than ethereum classic.
Now, we will take a common way, in which blockchain’s immutability will be dilute. Recall that mining of bitcoin and ethereum uses proof of work scheme. Where you get a reward for solving a tricky puzzle. In addition, this reward increases the potential of the users and they solve the relating issues more efficiently. Network continually adjust the rate of block creation. In addition, 10 minutes in bitcoin or 15 seconds in
Immutability of blockchain
Bitcoin has faced the factor difficulty of 350,000x from last 5 years. Today, bitcoin mining is on hardware devices with cheap electricity and in cold weather. Antminer S9 mines the block 10,000 faster than a desktop system. Which burns 10 times more electricity than a system with cost $1089.
To undermine the immutability of bitcoin blockchain, you need to install more mining capacity, then the other network creating 51% attack first. Secondly, through proper testing and approval, mine your own secret branches. Finally, at desired time, release your secret branch to the network anonymously. Then, the whole process of a transaction will be without any scams or hacking issue. It is not easy to install a huge program. It needs a lot of money and electricity as well. And a common man or country who has the shortage of both. Unfortunately, are not able to adopt this way for immutability of bitcoin blockchain.
Let’s estimate the cost of a 51% attack which reverses a year of bitcoin transactions. At the current bitcoin price of $1500 and reward of 15 bitcoins (including transaction fees) per 10-minute block. Miners earn around $1.2 billion per year ($1500 × 15 × 6 × 24 × 365). Reasonably, they are not losing money. So, the total expense should be in the same range.
Rewriteable private chains
Now, let’s have a ride to private blockchains. Which was established for the needs of government and well-reputed organizations. According to the organization’s perspective, immutability is the commercial, legal and regulatory non-starter. Because it allows attacking the network anonymously. whereas, immutability can also be ashore in good behavior of other institutions. With whom, they have authority to sue or sign a contract. It is a bonus because private blockchains are less costly to run. Since blocks need just a node’s approval and digital signature. When a number of validators follow the rules. As a result, you get cheaper and stronger immutability than other digital currencies offer. Furthermore, the percentage of immutability may decrease when participants in chain decide to do so together.
Immutability is nuanced
People who don’t like the traditional banking system and government’s currency are perfect to use proof of work blockchain. Whose immutability rely on economic terms instead of participants. It may be an expensive operation. when parties agree to live with government or wealthy actors and bringing down the network. Accordingly, they believe that cryptocurrency technology and its value continue to grow and it will get more secure.
Finally, for most permission blockchain use cases. We probably don’t want validator nodes to be able to easily and cheaply substitute old blocks in the chain. As Dave Birch says “the way to correct a wrong debit is with a correct credit”. Rather than pretending that the debit never took place. Nonetheless, for those cases where we do need the extra flexibility, chameleon hashes help make blockchains a practical choice.
Some famous names in the financial or economic industry are buying Bitcoin which is a good sign for Bitcoin.
Bill Miller is one of the renowned names in Bitcoin community. According to Forbes report on Tuesday, Bill put 1% of his net wealth into Bitcoin in the year 2014. The report reveals that the cryptocurrency is one of the top properties in Miller’s $120 million hedge fund.
Showing its image of volatility, Bitcoin fell in January 2014 from a peak of $1023. According to CoinDesk, on October 2014, it was just around $287. That’s the reason which puts the return of Miller’s Bitcoin anywhere from 126% to 707% – based on the price of Bitcoin which was $2315 on Wednesday.
The other name is Josh Brown – Chief Executive of Ritholtz Wealth Management and a CNBC contributor. In a blog post on Tuesday, Josh stated that he used Coinbase to purchase Bitcoin by a “Small Amount of Money”.
He said I think I have been through proper seasoning at this point. In case it does not drop this year after the fork, the developers argue that this could split Bitcoin. He revealed that it is going to drive mainstream among financial pros. Brown said: My main thing is, this would not go away”.
If a greater number of developers don’t favor an upgrade system for the Bitcoin, the cryptocurrency may split on 1st of August. However, a majority of Bitcoin miners have started to show their support.
Lastly, the announcements of this week follow the Standpoint Research’s Ronnie Moas. Ronnie Moas purchased a small amount of Bitcoin and thinks that it could hit $5,000 within a year.
Salesforce is a world famous company well known for its cloud computing software. It provides services related to customer relationship management in various industries, including healthcare, finance, media, retail, and manufacturing. The revenue generated by Salesforce in the year ending January 31st was $10.5 billion. And now Salesforce is ready for its blockchain integration with a brand new idea.
Parker Harris, the co-founder of cloud software giant Salesforce has confirmed that his company is hoping to develop a product for Blockchain and cryptocurrency support by September 2018.
The same news was being disclosed by CEO of Salesforce Marc Benioff in an interview with Business Insider on March 28. In that interview he also stated that he had finalised this plan to work on Blockchain technology and various forms of digital currency while he had a chance to participate in the World Economic Forum Davos, Switzerland last January. It was simultaneously being held with a cryptocurrency conference, where Benioff’s conversation with another event attendee transformed into the above mentioned idea according to which Salesforce could actively participate in the utilization of blockchain and cryptocurrency into its current operation.
He further added that he had been thinking about various ways through which Salesforce’s strategy around blockchain and cryptocurrencies could be finalized.
What is in Benioff’s Mind?
There were a lot of things which the company CEO did not reveal about his forthcoming product in his interview. However, he stated that he was planning to have a blockchain and cryptocurrency solution for Salesforce and for all its clients.
However, in a recent briefing for its Configure-Price-Quote (CPQ) software, the company appreciated the revolutionary blockchain technology for verification and maintenance contracts and automation of trust.
Salesforce is not Alone in this Race
In the past Blockchain was just used as a decentralized ledger to log all cryptocurrency transactions, but now its definition has changed. Now a great number of applications and technologies have a strong connection with it. In the present context, blockchain keeps or is used to keep record of every digital transaction and exchange which might be in the form of goods, services or private data of any sort. With the passage of time it has been transformed into a global spreadsheet running simultaneously on millions of computers around the globe. The beauty of this technology is that every single individual connected to this peer-to-peer system can see all transactions being made, hence there is no need for a middle man.
It is clear that the involvement of Blockchain technology is getting deeper and deeper day by day and no field of life will be functional without it.