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Before following the provided mining steps, here are some important information you should keep in mind before mining:

  • Mining process takes a lot of electricity and you should concern about this.
  • For the process, you should have an Ethereum mining calculator.
  • There must be a portion of free space on the hard drive of your computer. About 30 GB will be enough for the blockchain and other software.

The Ethereum Mining Procedure:

1st Step:

You will have to download Geth. Geth will help you as a communication hub, connecting you to the Ethereum platform even coordinating your hardware and reporting any development which requires action on your part.

2nd Step:

Usually, Geth received as a zip file. You have to unzip and transfer the file to HDD. The drive C: is usually best for this.

3rd Step:

For the execution of the installed application, you need the command prompt. Search for ‘CMD’ in Windows if you’re if you don’t know about this, from the search list click on it.

4th Step:

‘C:\Users\Username>’ the username is the name of your computer system and it is the usual display format by command terminal. The next step is to locate Geth, type in ‘cd/’ in the command prompt terminal, it’s an instruction for change directory. ‘C:\>’ must be highlighted now, which shows you’re currently in the C: drive.

5th Step:

The next step is “Account Creation”. To make a call to Geth, you have to type in ‘Geth Account New’ which followed by the enter key. The command terminal will now display ‘C:\> Geth account new’.

6th Step:

A password will be required from you at this stage. Some extra attention should be taken here. Make sure to your password, if possible write it down, and don’t forget to type it in carefully. Press enter button once again after putting the password. Your new have generated.

7th step:

Geth needs to connect with the network before anything turn into fully operational. Just type ‘Geth -RPC’ in the terminal, then press enter, this will start the download the blockchain of Ethereum and synchronizing with the global network. It is a time intensive process and it’s dependent on how large blockchain is currently and your internet connection’s speed. You have to wait to make sure the completion of this process before mining.

8th Step:

You need a mining software to proceed, which will help your GPU in running the required hash algorithm on the platform. For this heavy lifting “Ethminer” is a good choice.

9th Step:

Install a mining software of your choice for this mining procedure.

10th step:

Repeat 4th step in a new command (change directory command) terminal. For a new command terminal, make a right click on the icon of previously active terminal found in the taskbar and at that time click on the terminal from the menu.

11th Step:

Type ‘cd prog’ in the new terminal window followed by the tab key. ‘C:\>cd prog’ will be on display, press tab key again to display ‘C:/>cd” Program Files” ‘after this press the enter key to show ‘C:\Program Files>’.

12th Step:

Type ‘cd cpp’ to go into Ethereum mining software folder, then the tabs and the enter keys. You have to press tab once again and the terminal will now display ‘C:\Program Files\cpp-ethereum>’.

13th Step:

Start mining with GPU, type ‘ethminer -G’ followed by the enter key. This will start the mining process after creating the Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG), which is a huge file stored in RAM of your GPU to make it ASIC resistant. Make sure that there is enough space on your HDD before getting to this point.

14th Step:

Lastly, if you are going for it, CPU mining can be done. You have to type ‘ETHMINER’ then press the enter key to start the process. The creation of the DAG is still compulsory in this step after that Geth takes over communication with Ethminer.

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How to Secure Your Bitcoin Wallet – Killer Tips for Beginners

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How to Secure Your Bitcoin Wallet

A Bitcoin wallet is a software program to store your coins. It’s pretty similar to the traditional bank account in many ways: it stores your bitcoin assets, is protected by a certain mechanism and allows no access to a third party. The only difference between the two is that one stores traditional currency while the other stores the digital currency that is Bitcoin.

Since Bitcoin is the most popular and valuable form of cryptocurrency, the hackers are always trying to sneak into the wallets and steal your assets. This ultimately makes it necessary for the users to keep their wallet as secure as possible.

In this article, we have discussed some killer ways to help you enhance your wallet security. Give them a solid read.

How to Secure Your Bitcoin Wallet?

Avoid Online Services:

How to Secure Your Bitcoin Wallet

As a bitcoin user, you will come across many services offering to store your coins online. It’s a big no-no! these services don’t provide sufficient security or insurance like a bank. Moreover, many events have been recorded in the past where these services suffered security breaches which saw their users lose millions in USD. If you are seeking the maximum security, go with the cold storage wallets.

Smaller Amounts for Daily Use:

How to Secure Your Bitcoin Wallet

Always carry smaller Bitcoin amounts with you. A Bitcoin wallet address is similar to having a traditional wallet. If you don’t keep a thousand bucks in your wallet, you would want to have the same approach for your bitcoin wallet address. Ask any Bitcoin expert and they will tell to carry smaller amounts for daily uses – and keep the rest in a safer environment such as a server, mobile or a computer.

Always Keep a Backup of Wallet:

How to Secure Your Bitcoin Wallet

Do not, I repeat, do not forget to keep a backup of your wallet. The computers we use are always vulnerable to the failure. Plus, we can’t rule out the human mistakes either. Any of this happens and your coins are gone for good. So, make sure to have a backup computer, hard drive, USB, etc. where you can access your coins in case they are lost.

Go Encrypted:

How to Secure Your Bitcoin Wallet

Encrypting your bitcoin wallet address is another important factor to keep your coins secured. The encryption allows you to set a password on your smartphone/wallet for anyone trying to steal your coins. While setting up a password, make sure it’s strong and not based on generic words. Use random combinations of words, symbols, and letters for the maximum strength.

Always Use an Updated Version of Wallet:

How to Secure Your Bitcoin Wallet

Never use an outdated version and always keep your wallet updated. This is because the older versions are more vulnerable to theft and lack the stability. On the other hand, newer versions include useful features which prevent you from security risks and tackle the problems of various severity.

Conclusion:

These are some techniques that can help you protect your Bitcoin wallet from theft, hacking and other risks. Apart from these, there is multi-signature encryption and offline wallets that you can use to protect your coins. Good luck.

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What Is Bitcoin Hard Fork? The Most Intriguing Bitcoin Topic Explained!

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To begin with, Bitcoin has been the talk of every news channel, tabloid, website, etc. for a long while now. It’s increasing popularity might’ve caused a little problem for the network. Bitcoin is in a messy situation right now and something needs to be done. Fortunately, two possible solutions have been proposed as well, but only one can exist.

What is Bitcoin Hard Fork?

It is a compulsory software update that is required in order for the program to function.  It can be implemented to fix bug errors or any security issues present in the older version of the software. Also, a hard fork is irreversible.

The “hard fork” will split the blockchain, leading to the introduction of a new chain of transactions branching from the original one.

Bitcoin Fork Explained – What’s The Issue?

In simple words, Bitcoin is unable to withstand the number of transactions taking place on the network.

The technical explanation is that the 1MB block size limit which is programmed into the system has become a problem and is causing delays in the processing of transactions. Basically, a purchase can take from a few minutes to hours to confirm.

Two techniques were proposed, which result in two different solutions: Bitcoin Unlimited, and Segregated Witness. They’re both proposed software updates to the Bitcoin network with the aim to completely change the way Bitcoin functions.

Obviously, the two can’t coexist, that would “fork” the Bitcoin network – splitting it into two different digital currencies.

A fork is known as a software update. Basically, updating a program from an old version to a new one to fork bitcoin.

Bitcoin Unlimited:

Starting off with Bitcoin Unlimited, this proposal is favored majorly by Bitcoin miners. To understand this, you must know the concept of Bitcoin mining. Bitcoin miners use specified powerful computers to solve complex mathematical algorithms in order to verify a transaction and be rewarded with newly issued bitcoins.

We are aware that there is a built-in block size limit of 1MB in the Bitcoin network, however, BU gives miners the permission to vote on increasing the block size whenever they want. This gives them control of the Bitcoin network, due to which they’re favored by miners.

Segregated Witness:

On the other hand, SegWit is being voted by many Bitcoin enthusiasts and developers. Their aim is to optimize the Bitcoin coding in a way that allows them to decrease the transaction size and increase the transaction volume, all while sticking to the 1MB block limit. They suggest the use of a soft fork.

A soft fork is a software update that lets the network to adapt to the new functionalities and features implemented. The update doesn’t interfere with the existing software and the older version will still be usable.

When is Bitcoin Hard Fork Happening?

Every Bitcoin user around the world is anxiously waiting for August 1st– a day that will mark the history of bitcoin. No one really knows what to expect but we are all eager to know what will be the fate of Bitcoin. We’re approximately 2 weeks away from the big day so let’s reflect back on the possible end result.

On 31st July, the activation of SegWit2x is set to take place. SegWit2x is a proposal that will enact SegWit through a Soft Fork but will increase its block-size limit by Hard Fork after three months. So, basically, SegWit2x will be introducing Segregated Witness first which will follow a 2MB block-size increase three months later.

Moreover, SegWit2x has the support of major mining pools which means it’s backed up by miners.

What Will Be The Bitcoin Hard Fork Consequences?

When the 2MB hard fork is scheduled to be introduced, there are chances of a chain split to occur cause of the soft fork. This, in return, would lead some part of the community jumping on to SegWit2x while others remain on SegWit.

This can create a very messy situation as there would be two different kinds of Bitcoin present. The last thing we’d want is to damage Bitcoin, particularly since there are high chances of two competitor blockchains existing simultaneously.

What Should I Do in Order To Prepare For August 1st?

You’re advised to move your bitcoins to a private wallet, where you solely are in charge of your private keys. Also, be sure to do this before July 31st, and remain until storm calms down. We are not aware of what is in store for us on August 1st or the day after, and the future is a total blur. So, let’s sit back and watch the calendar hit August.

Who Will Be The Winner?

Aha! Too bad we can’t answer this question because half the community goes for SegWit and the other half for BU. There’s not really much we can do, just voice out our opinion and educate others with whatever we learn and maybe help them come up with opinions of their own.

We’ll just have to patiently wait and watch how this turns out.

I’d like to point out that I have a very limited technical knowledge and only know my way around a few technical terminologies. This post is a compilation of weeks of research that I’ve put together myself. So, if you do find any errors, do let me know in the comment section below and I’ll be sure to check.

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A Beginner’s Guide to What Is Block Chain and How Does It Work

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What Is Block Chain

The Blockchain is a public ledger which is used to keep the record of Bitcoin transactions or the transactions made in some other cryptocurrency.

There are three essential technologies used in Blockchain and none of them are new. Instead, it is their arrangement and application methods that are new.

These technologies include:

  1. Cryptographic keys
  2. Distributed Network
  3. Record-keeping and network security.

In this article, we have tried to make clear as to how these technologies cooperate to secure the digital relationships.

Technologies Used in Blockchain – Cryptographic Keys:

Suppose, two individuals need to make an online transaction of bitcoin, each of them holds a public and a private key. Both the keys are in an encrypted form.

The principle motivation behind having a public and private key is to create a digital identity reference. The Identity of a client depends on the blend of two keys.

The blend of these keys is additionally called “digital signature”, which, consequently, gives a strong control of possession.

However, having strong control of possession is not enough to secure digital relationships. While authentication is solved, it must be consolidated with a means of approving transactions and authorization.

In Blockchains, this starts with a distributed network.

Distributed Networks:

The concept of distributed networks can easily be understood with the “falling tree in the forest” example.

If a tree falls in a forest and we have cameras to record the event, we can positively say that the tree fell since we have the visual confirmation. Same can be said in regards to distributed networks.

A substantial piece of bitcoin Blockchain is a huge system of validators – similar to the cameras in above example – where they reach an agreement that they all witnessed the similar event in the meantime. But instead of cameras, they utilize mathematical verification.

To put it plainly, the size of a distributed network is critical for the security of the system.

Distributed networks are one of the primary elements of “Bitcoin Blockchain“. At the time of writing, the system is secured by 3,500,000 TH/s, more than the top 10,000 banks on the planet combined.

The System of Record Keeping and Security:

Lastly, cryptographic keys are consolidated with the system to create a super useful form of digital interactions. The procedure starts with taking sender’s private key, then making a declaration that he is about to make a Bitcoin transaction — and finally appending his private key to the recipient’s public key.

With regards to the earlier example of falling tree, a realist may come up with the question, why there were dozens of PCs with cameras, holding up to record whether or not a tree falls.

Now, translating the same question in blockchain terminology, how do you attract the computing power for the maximum network security.

With blockchains, clients are offered special rewards in return for giving their PC’s processing power to secure the system. Which, ultimately, pulls in an extensive number of clients offering their machines’ computing power. The more the power, the more secure the system.

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Jay Clayton Believes ‘All ICOs Are Not Fraudulent’

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According to the chairman of the US SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission), Jay Clayton, ‘all ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings) are not fraudulent’. These remarks were made by Clayton, on 5th April, during a speech at Princeton University. Clayton also added that stamping out fraud in the cryptocurrency market is perilous to protect customers. As well as, the improved regulatory analysis will essentially benefit the industry by removing fraudsters from it and con artists who give the whole place a bad name. Since there’ve been many ICO fraud cases before, the remarks of Clayton became viral.

SEC Investigation

Jay Clayton’s Remarks

Clayton said:

“Is the approach taken in Washington by the SEC adversely affecting distributed ledger technology in other areas? My hope is that it’s actually helping because this technology is being used for fraud… And to the extent that it’s being used for fraud, history shows that government comes down harshly on that technology later.”

He also added:

“If we don’t stop the fraudsters, there is a serious risk that the regulatory pendulum – the regulatory actions – will be so severe that they will restrict the capacity of this new security.”

Clayton signalled about SEC investigations, in February 2018, that his agency would be investigating cryptocurrencies and at that time, he said:

“I believe every ICO I’ve seen is a security.”

However, a few weeks later, ICOs were again targeted by the SEC as it issued dozens of subpoenas to the tech-companies related to cryptocurrencies, and counsellors to explore how ICOs are organized.

ICOs Ceased for Scam

Fraud charges were filed against the co-founders of Centra Tech, Robert Farkas and Sohrab Sharma on April 2, by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Centra tech co-founders were accused of raising $32 million by vending unregistered securities throughout the Centra ICO, as it was promoted by Floyd Mayweather (boxing champ) and DJ Khaled (record producer).

According to public documents, the SEC is now looking forward to two bitcoin exchange-traded funds for listing on the NYSE Arca, which is the first “all-electronic” exchange in the US. The name of these two-bitcoin exchange-traded funds are:

  • The ProShares Bitcoin ETF
  • The ProShares Short Bitcoin ETF

 

SEC to Allow Cryptocurrency ETFs

Cboe president, Chris Concannon advised the agency to permit crypto ETFs and soon after that, the SEC consideration of bitcoin ETFs showed up. In a letter, that was sent to the SEC, on23rd March, Concannon sacked criticism that virtual currencies are extremely volatile to be treated like other dependable commodities.

Concannon wrote in the letter:

“Because of its innovative features as a digital asset, bitcoin has gained wide acceptance as a secure means of exchange in the commercial marketplace and has generated significant interest among investors.”

Concannon also added that there is sufficient reliable price info from the bitcoin futures market on CME and Cboe Futures Exchange that must alleviate the regulatory uncertainties about its impenetrability as an asset-tool.

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