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With cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum, leading the charts, it is hard to ignore the fact that digital currencies are becoming everyone’s new want. Having investors line up right in front, looking forward to making new investments with the cryptocurrencies.

Every month, more digital currencies are added on to the list. Especially, with businesses turning to cryptocurrencies, demands in areas outside the digital world have seemingly begun to decline.

In all this, gold in the sudden surge in demand of virtual currencies our precious metal has suffered immensely.

Supply and Demand

Unlike Bitcoin, there is about $7 trillion worth of gold in the world.

The limits on bitcoin’s supply and the potential worth of the digital currency mean there will be an increase in demand for a limited product, thus driving up the value. Also, the time taken to add Bitcoins to the market has actually dropped since the difficulty to mine a block keeps increasing.

Future of Bitcoin and Gold

Tom Lee, the widely followed strategist said in a report that his model shows how Bitcoin could rise to a range of $20,000 to $55,000 in the next five years.

Moreover, as new cryptocurrencies arise, more and more investors have begun to accept the blockchain technology. Countries are wanting to implement these techniques into their financial sectors and completely decentralize.

Bitcoin now makes up the minority of the entire cryptocurrency market at about 41.6% of all coins and assets.

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How Does Bitcoin Work?

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What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is a digital currency and this world-wide payment system has been all over the news for several years now. Bitcoin was basically created as a reward for a process called mining and it can be exchanged for products and other currencies. Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency but in 2009, it appeared for the first time from a developer named, Satoshi Nakamoto and all cryptocurrencies that were created after Bitcoin are called Altcoins.

Just because Bitcoin is completely digital and doesn’t really match to any of the existing fiat currency, it’s not really easy for a newcomer to understand what it is actually about. So, let’s find out how does Bitcoin work and what is it exactly about!

How does it Work?

As we already know that it is a digital currency, to understand how does Bitcoin work is going to be a little complex. Bitcoin is not a physical element like coins, the verification and value of each Bitcoin is provided by a global peer-to-peer network.

Bitcoin is conducted on a public ledger known as blockchain and because it’s transferred digitally, it automatically means that it exits only online. It has a monetary value just like gold and is also decentralized. You don’t need a bank to use it, because it’s not managed by a single person but rather a group of people called miners, who process its transactions

how does bitcoin work

Blockchain:

It’s miner’s responsibility to ensure that bitcoin transactions that are made by the users are legit and after that, all confirmed transactions are added to the blockchain.  In this way, spendable balance can be calculated and new transactions can be verified. The veracity and the sequential order of the blockchain are obligated with cryptography.

Transactions:

You must’ve been confused about what exactly transaction is. It is basically a transfer of value between Bitcoin wallets that is also included in the blockchain. Bitcoin wallet stores the information that is essential for the transaction of bitcoins. It also has a private key which keeps a secret data and is used to sign transactions. It also provides a mathematical proof that they’ve actually come from the owner’s wallet. A plus point about “signature” is that it prevents the transaction from being changed by anyone else after it’s been issued. Each transaction is broadcasted between its users and it often gets confirmed by the network within the following 10 minutes, through a process known as mining.

Mining:

Mining is a process in which records are kept through the use of computer processing power. It is a distributed consensus system that confirms the waiting transactions by adding them in the block chain. It protects the impartiality of the network, imposes a sequential disorder in the block chain and allows multiple computers to settle on the system’s state.

To get these transactions confirmed, they must have to be packed in a block that fits quite strict cryptographic rules that are going to be verified by the network. These rules also help in preventing previous blocks from being altered because by doing that, it would overturn all the subsequent blocks.

Mining can also make the equal of a competitive lottery that averts individuals from adding new blocks easily in the block chain and in this way, no individual can regulate what’s added in the block chain or swap parts of the blockchain to get back their own spends.

If you want to get involved in the top-cryptocurrency, make sure to do your research on how does bitcoin work. It can be a profitable and a thrilling investment, but just like other investments, it’s always better to look out for safety.

Image Credit : Steemit

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How One Simple Trick By Ripple Almost Dislodged Bitcoin

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In 2017, the cryptocurrency conjecture went mainstream. By going mainstream, it means that the market isn’t dominated by cryptocurrency enthusiasts anymore. We’ll have to accept that the mainstream investors with even a little bit of knowledge of cryptocurrencies are in charge of the market.

A Wall Between Investor And Stupid:

The unit price of a coin is a pointless basis for making investment choices. Even a bitcoin could’ve been a sub-cent item if Satoshi had chosen the final cap to be 21 quadrillions instead of 21 million and the unit price of a bitcoin would’ve been $0.00001697 right now instead of $16,790. But the total market cap still would be $284 billion. Nothing would change except that everyone would have million times more bitcoin and the unit price would be also quite cheaper.

 

Since many cryptocurrencies, as well as bitcoin, are divisible down to Satoshis (10^8), no matter what the supply is, as long as the currency has enough particles to go around for the economic use cases imagined so it could function properly. The number isn’t much important itself, although it doesn’t affect the unit prices, which automatically means that it has a massive impact on the investment choices of mainstream investors.

 

You must’ve been wondering the reason why we look for the market caps when we compare coins. Well, this is because it is how we compare cryptocurrency’s values as a whole, instead of just looking at the unit prices. To envisage this in a fine way, we can normalize the supply for various altcoins to see what the prices would be if they all had the same supply.

 

Zcash is the best example to explain what this actually means. Zcash supply when all the coins are mined the same as bitcoin (21 million), but right now, there are only 31 million mined ones. Also, when you’re looking at sites like Coinmarketcap, it’ll tell you that Zcash has a market cap of just $2.1 billion. It places Zcash far down on the list because it has just 0.6% of bitcoin’s market cap.

 

The price of Zcash is $727 which is almost 3.2% of bitcoin’s $16,098. You’ll have to pay 0.035 bitcoin to buy Zcash if you’re buying with a bitcoin. Zcash must accumulate a market cap of $12bn, to climb to the 12th spot on Coinmarketcap. The reason why the site is listing the coins the way they are is that it tells us what the implied valuation is for coins when they’re bought at current prices.

 

You can get far in your determinations to become a more informed trader than most of the people in the market by just using your common sense and a calculator. Being able of properly comparing the coin valuation doesn’t matter if no one else is doing it.

 

It’ll take a lot of time for the markets to eventually force these prices to sort out themselves. Until they do it, it’s your diligence to ensure that you’re on the right side of that alteration.

 

Story credits: news.bitcoin.com

Image: Google images

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Introducing Blockchain-Based E-Voting system in Moscow

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It was in 2014 when Moscow’s Mayor, Sergei Sobyanin launched an innovative Active Citizen app. This app was actually an e-voting platform designed solely for the residents of Moscow to vote on municipal projects pertaining to non-political city decisions, e.g.; naming of subway stations, setting up speed limits, plotting of bus routes, replacing the building’s entrance door or even hiring a new management company etc.

The Active Citizen app was a huge success since its launch, more than 2,800 polls were being administered and over 2 million users participated via the app. But according to some critics this app grew vulnerable to manipulation with the passage of time.

That’s why, Moscow officials announced that they have piloted the Active Citizen onto the blockchain technology in order to minimize the vulnerability issue.

Usually, the term of blockchain is referred to the cryptocurrency transactions. It is a sort of a digitalized and decentralized online database pertaining to public ledger of crypto transactions and interactions. Though specific for tracking secure financial transactions of cryptocurrency, it will now also be used in the e-voting platform of Moscow.

blockchain based e voting

What makes it a safest choice?

Russia’s National Settlement Depository (NSD) has successfully tested this blockchain based e-proxy voting system. This voting system is comprised of the following steps:

  • In the first step a Bondholder will pass vote to a nominal bondholder (NB)
  • The Nominal bondholder will in turn submit that vote to the blockchain
  • The designated Counting commission will count the votes and submit their results to the blockchain
  • Bondholder can latter verify whether the votes were counted correctly or not.

Hence it can be easily concluded that the process of blockchain based e-voting will resemble the secure crypto transactions to a great extent. Once the vote will be placed, it will be listed in a ledger consisting all the votes taken place across a node-to-node fully secure network. So, there will be no chance of data loss, fraud or third-party alteration once the vote has been casted.

In other words, blockchain is becoming a hallmark of digital accountability and security. It comprises of such a complicated mechanism of digitized security that it is almost impossible for the general public to ‘’hack’’ it in their traditional way.

According to some experts the use of blockchain technology will improve the transparency of e-voting system in Moscow and it should also be tried in the general elections as well.

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How Is China Stifling Bitcoin and Other Cryptocurrencies? Let’s find out!

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World’s biggest community of Bitcoin miners, China, is cracking down on cryptocurrency. A proactive step has been taken by regulators for shaping the stratospheric increase of Bitcoin. According to President Xi Jinping, there’s been booms and busts in the economy for a decade. As a result, the role of China in the cryptocurrency’s world is going down.

Is it allowed to trade Bitcoin in China?

Bitcoin can be traded only in over-the-counter markets. According to some analysts, it is a slower process that increases the credit risk.

Is China anti-cryptocurrency?

Not really. A bank named “The People’s Bank of China” has run trials of its own prototype cryptocurrency, as it is a prime step to being the very first central bank, that is going to issue digital money.

What is China doing exactly?

Well, China banned initial coin offerings (ICOs), that are equal to initial public offerings for new virtual currencies. Later, it stopped local exchanges from trading cryptocurrencies and also delineated proposals to dampen bitcoin mining. Then it moved to Chinese companies that were listed in abroad skirting to stop its domestic ban on ICOs. Now it’s intended by the officials to block the domestic access to mobile apps and other online platforms that offer such services for cryptocurrencies.

Companies that promote themselves as blockchains, to boost their shares are also being targeted by domestic stock exchanges. It’s a part of an effort by agencies like China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, central bank and the cyberspace administration.

 Bitcoin Value in China

 

What is the reason behind the crackdown in China?

Cleaning risks from financial markets have been government’s statement for almost two years, but there’s been no clear explanation yet. The thriving shadow banking sector is also among the main concerns of the government, although digital currencies also provide a way to move money out of China.

 

Where else are officials clamping down?

South Korean is known as the home of most of the frantic cryptocurrency trading. Some banks are being inspected because of the allegation of money laundering and the country is considering to close such cryptocurrency exchanges. Also, in the past year, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission started to work fast on digital token sales.

What’s the effect of China’s actions?

Because of inexpensive power and cheap labour, miners gathered to China, but now they may have to look somewhere else. Bitmain is running China’s two major Bitcoin-mining collectives and is setting up district HQs in Singapore. The #3 mining pool, also known as “BTC. Top” is also opening a facility in Canada. Wallet services and bitcoin exchanges in the country are also leaving. Also, they’re setting up over-the-counter shops in Hong Kong and in other areas of Singapore/South Korea.

What about cryptocurrency prices?

The prices appeared to shrug off the news of increased regulations in China. However, according to analysts, the growing tide of regulation has a hefty impact on digital currencies and it’s also helping in explaining the hefty losses since the starting of 2018.

Story credit: fortune.com

Image Credit: BitNews

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