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One of the biggest arms in Russian investment disc and the largest bank in the corporate and investment banking business of Russia, Sberbank CIB implemented the first of its kind blockchain based commercial bond transaction in the country. Joining hands with Russia’s telecoms expert MTS and the National Settlement Depository (NSD) smart contracts have been placed using commercial Rouble-denominated bonds.

blockchain bond

The Bond Deal

Sberbank CIB was the main organizer of the event. Sberbank was the main buyer of the issue of MTS bonds. Bonds have the maturity term of 6-months and the total sum of RUB 750 million. The annual rate of the bond in the OTC market stays at 6.8%.

The blockchain bonds technology was completely provided and supported by NSD. A full Delivery versus Payment (DVP) settlement model was based on blockchain bonds. This enabled a laidback transfer of securities and funds simultaneously. It is based on Hyperledger Fabric 1.1 to carry out the transactions.

Commercial bonds are placed on an over-the-counter (OTC) market through the private subscription. These commercial bonds are unsecured fixed-income securities.

The system implemented is highly transparent, including bond placement, circulation and record keeping. The system only operates using digitalized assets making it extremely secure and sheltered.

All the three entities had access to the transaction into the blockchain platform. Including the issuer, the central depository, and the investor. Considering all the obligations and necessities of the Russian legislation in dealing with all the accounts was made necessary. Confidentiality was kept foremost priority in dealings throughout.

All the participants could transfer and exchange the documents online and check the subsequent transaction’s status in the actual time it occurred. The full execution of the deal was able to be seen, from the placement of the bonds to the receiving of the cash.

This collaboration between the MTS and the Sberbank CIB is the first of its nature which enabled blockchains and blockchain bonds to gain the status of an industrial technology which accelerated securities settlement and certified confidentiality.

The initiators claim that the main aim is to an exemplary digital asset accounting infrastructure joining hands with market leaders. Infrastructure plays a crucial role for institutional investors to enter the market and for the increase in market’s capitalism and market’s successful development. The infrastructure plays an essential role in the flourished market growth.

Future Plans

Sberbank has already shown interests in blockchain projects previously. Last year the executive member of the company announced that the bank is in process cooperating with the Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS) on a project which is on a distributed ledger technology (DLT).

The delay in the project is mainly because of some unsolved and pending matters including some slow interaction of blockchain applicants. The Sberbank CIB has though forecasted great hopes and high expectations from the initiative. He also declared involvement of the bank in further other blockchain based projects.

Sberbank has also announced its blockchain laboratory which will develop blockchain based solutions. It will carry out pilot projects, product prototypes and implement applied business solutions for Sberbank CIB.

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Escrow and its services

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Escrow and its services

Digital world needs the digital services as well. That is why there is a huge list of escrow services sites. The matter is, you don’t let your money in the scams hands. For that purpose, you want to use secure and clear way of services for your transactions. Escrow is exactly the same, you want for your transactions. Here, in this article. I will tell you about escrow and its services regarding your transactions.

Escrow is basically a legal concept, an account held by the third party during transactions between parties. This temporary account operates until the completion of the bitcoin transactions. The goods or funds will be held by an agent until he receives proper and appropriate instructions. Funds can be held in escrow are assets, fund, security or money.  At the time of absolute certainty, parties are able to fulfill one another’s obligations and rules.

For example, being a third party, escrow will have the authority to take funds and delivers the goods in good condition according to its client’s wish.

Types of Escrow:

Funds deposit is occurring for the payment at the certain conditions. That usually applies to mortgage, property taxes and insurance. Escrow’s agent is fulfilling the need of their customers. Some types of escrow are.

1. Internet Escrow:

Internet escrow works by placing money in hands of the third party. who is totally independent and has a license for this service.

2. Banking:

Escrow provides its service in automatic vending and banking field.automated teller machine (ATMs) and vending machine. Where he or she put the order and get the result in form of transactions.

3. Personal Property:

Sale of mobile homes also falls in this escrow transactions category. Whereas, selling or purchasing of big-ticket assets are through escrow services.

4. Law:

Escrow is also known in law sector. Escrow funds are mostly used to distribute money from a cash settlement to environmental enforcement action. Through this process, defendant has to pay a total amount of judgment to court administration.

5. Escrow Real Estate:

Escrow agent services are used in real estate transactions. For example, you are going to sell or purchase a real estate. Transactions regarding sells or purchase of bitcoins will be processed by escrow service provider.

6. Mergers and Acquisitions:

Escrow arrangements are mostly used in mergers and acquisitions to extra warranties offered by the seller.

7. Mortgage Refinancing:

This type of escrow is much different from the real estate sale. In a case of mortgage refinancing, one house loan use as the payment for the other home loan. These type of transaction needs many formalities and risk. So, escrow provides its services on the behalf of its customers.

8. Escrow Business:

Business escrow services involve the sale of the business. In transactions, it involves the actual company and all its assets. These transactions are similar in form of transfer of the shares in a business. Just like stock transfer, bulk sales, and holdings.

Above is a short note about the types of escrow. Now, we will discuss, how does an escrow service work?

Escrow and its services

How does an Escrow work?

Most of the business dealings need a third party for transactions. Mostly, escrow provides such type of services. Following are some terms;

  1. Both parties say yes to the terms of the transactions through escrow.
  2. Then, buyer deposits the money in escrow account. After, the verification of transaction by escrow management, escrow verify the payment to the seller.
  3. After the verification of the transaction, the seller has some duties to verify and submit the tracking information.
  4. Buyer has an option to accept the order or reject within few days of transactions before receiving an order.
  5. When buyer accepts the order. Escrow release the money from an escrow account.

Your transaction is complete with escrow services. GOOD LUCK!

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Bitcoin in 2017

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Bitcoin’s value increases with time. When bitcoin outperformed the U.S dollars by 30 percent. It became the best performing currency in 2017. Here, I’ll discuss some comparison with you, about the bitcoin profitability.

Gold, silver, litecoin, Altcoin vs Bitcoin

The 2017 year is best for bitcoin. This cryptocurrency achieves $5 bln market cap in early April. Gold is a precious metal with an extremely limited supply. Whereas, silver is a precious metal also limited in supply. The historic gold/silver ratio is 16:1, meaning 16 ounces of silver were equal to the 1 ounce of gold. The recent ratio of the gold/silver is 64:1, or 0.015625.

In 2013, Bitcoin price reaches to $1242 per coin. Unfortunately, on the same day, gold’s price was $1240. Whereas, litecoin reaches $48.47 per coin that time. In addition, silver’s price in late 2011, was $49.76 per ounce.

Bitcoin has an extremely limited supply and its mining is in digital form. Whereas, Litecoin is also limited in supply but not as bitcoin. The designed ratio of bitcoin/lite coin was, every 4 litecoin will equal to 1 bitcoin. The recent ratio of BTC/LTC is 80:1, or 0.01239. An abnormal difference of 20%.

Gold/BTC current ratios are similar. But their values cross each other. It is totally insane to compare gold/silver with bitcoin. The reason is, gold and silver have physical worth. Whereas, BTC/LTC both are the digital currencies.

Yes, we can compare BTC with other cryptocurrencies. Here, a question is, what is the future of bitcoin in 2017. Its answer is completely simple. Bitcoin’s future will be bright. Because it crosses the precious metal price.

Bitcoin vs Litecoin

Block time for bitcoin is 10 minutes. Whereas, litecoin’s block time is 2.5 minutes. The recent ratio of BTC/LTC is 80:1, or 0.01239.

There are a number of litecoins available in the market, i.e. 84 million. Whereas, bitcoins will not exceed the limit of 21million.

The other major difference between litecoin is the cheaper option for bitcoin miners while bitcoin mining procedure has some difficulties.

Bitcoin uses the longstanding SHA-256 algorithm, whereas litecoin uses the new algorithm known as Scrypt.

Bitcoin vs Altcoin, Ethereum

There are more than 500 cryptocurrencies. Few of them are known in financial markets, all over the world. 2017 is going well for cryptocurrencies. After the success of the Bitcoin, most of the digital currencies are active in the financial sector of the world.

Most of the altcoins are built upon the same framework. Which provide the cheapest ways of transactions on the internet. while ethereum gives developers the opportunity to create all sorts of applications that carry out their own set of operations.

Conclusion

Many other cryptocurrencies trying to target the bitcoin’s perceived limitations. Unfortunately, bitcoin has maintained its value. From above discussion, we conclude that, its golden chance to invest in the bitcoin world.

Bitcoin in 2017

 

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Online Bitcoin Wallets

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Bitcoin wallets or digital wallets are the wallets that require a web browser in order to run, just like websites out there. It’s safe to say that they are pretty much similar to a website.

Surprisingly, the web wallet options are thin compared to the iPhone or Android options.

Right now, there are two Bitcoin wallets worth using. The most reliable online bitcoin wallet is Green Address.

GreenAddress:

To get a Bitcoin wallet that provided protection against cyber-attacks, GreenAddress is the way to go. GreenAddress takes cyber-attacks seriously and provides your coins protection against these attacks.

GreenAddress is a “multi-signature” Bitcoin online wallet. This implies GreenAddress shares control of your Bitcoin with you. While other online wallets are prone to cyber-attacks, GreenAddress gives genuine two-factor validation keeping your coins protected in your wallet.

Spectro Coin:

SpectroCoin is London-based bitcoin wallet, exchange, debit card and merchant solution provider. It serves customers in more than 150+ nations. Right now, it encourages more than 20 types of deposits and withdrawals including bank exchanges, credit/debit cards, and cash deposits to name a few. It also gives bitcoin wallet addresses to iOS, Android and Windows Phone users.

These two are the safest online bitcoin wallets. Although these wallets provide all sorts of security, the ultimate protection comes down to the wallet owner. The best wallet security is the protection of its private key. As long as the key is unshared, chances of your coins getting stolen are very slim.

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Cryptocurrency Ecosystem and Altcoins

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Cryptocurrency Ecosystem and Altcoins

When we start our conversation about cryptocurrency ecosystem, bitcoin considered the only player in a digital market. Where bitcoin has the dominate value in the market as compare to other cryptocurrencies. 500 cryptocurrencies trading are in a market with symbols, with their identities.

Altcoin is using to describe the cryptocurrency that shares the core building blocks. The best example of altcoin is litecoin.

Cryptocurrency Ecosystem

Basically, there are 150 to 500 altcoins in total. There are five altcoins with the market capitalization of $10 million each.

The revolutionary logic about altcoin is, “altcoins serves two purposes “. Antonopoulos says. “First, they test new tech features, showing whether they work and whether the market will accept them.”

Variations

The proof of work who keeps securing the transaction records and distribution of currency. In addition,

Variations include those allowing a currency to be processed by different equipment than bitcoin (Litecoin, current market cap $330 million), those purporting to use less energy (Peer coin, $47 million), and those that offer faster transaction confirmation times (many, among them Feather coin, $5 million). Other crypto coins claim more idiosyncratic variations, such as the demurrage built into Frei coin ($2 million), which loses value if it is held without being spent. There’s even a currency that uses its proof-of-work algorithm to search for new prime numbers (that currency is named, of course, Prime coin, $6 million). Those features that prove attractive and compatible after ‘testing’ by an altcoin, Antonopoulos says, will likely be incorporated into Bitcoin.

Strength of Bitcoin

Any of the altcoin fails to displace the dominant place of bitcoin. As the bank of America points out that is, bitcoin’s dominance is the guarantee of altcoins. Without bitcoin strength, may be some of the altcoins will disappear.

Where Antonopoulos describe the second purpose of altcoins whose lessons will strengthen the survivor. Which is demonstrate spectacular failure modes.

Antonopoulos contains 80 to 85% of all cryptocurrency capitalization. Whereas remaining altcoins offer the release value for those who think, that bitcoin is the most expensive cryptocurrency. One feature has been more efficient as compare to other. Altcoin built-in process needs honest, transparent and relatively selfless behavior by its developers.

Charlie lee lead developer of litecoin gives the easiest and transparent ways to mine. As he says,’’ I released the source code a week before the launch [in October of 2011], so people could prepare [to mine].”

Because of this struggle, Now, litecoin is the second digital cryptocurrency after bitcoin. After which, peer coin is at the third number of cryptocurrency, its creator sunny king releases source code nine days before its mining. Lee says “I haven’t seen any other coin roll out with the same level of transparency.”

The most important thing for the cryptocurrency is the community acceptance. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are acceptable in societies. Which clearly means that the developers want to provide the transparent and trustworthy transaction system. Ellis says,” Banks are operating a tollbooth economy.” “Banks want 10% of revenue for credit cards,” a cost that cryptocurrency is distributing. Altcoins, Ellis says, “anyone with sufficient will and devotion and time to nurture the community”.

Now we can earn money?

In the meantime, altcoins are in a bumpy ride. Antonopoulos says “99% of them will expire in the process of creative destruction”. “And that’s fine because every once in a while, something unique and amazing will pop out’’.

Tags: Bitcoin Disadvantages.

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