James Howells, the IT laborer who unwittingly disposed of a hard drive containing what is currently valued at around $75 million worth of bitcoin, knows where the missing hard drive is, but he can’t try to recover it. That’s because the city in which the fortune is covered won’t enable him to delve into the landfill.
The missing hard drive is sitting somewhere under 200,000 tons of junk in a Newport, South Wales landfill.
Howells used an old PC to mine a sum of 7,500 bitcoins in 2009. Presently, he sold the parts to the Dell M1710 on eBay after his girlfriend complained about the mining’s clamor. He kept the hard drive in a cabinet, just in case the bitcoins increased in esteem. However, he overlooked the hard drive, and after four years, he disposed of it with the trash.
Howells has not been able to get consent from city chamber to dig into the landfill to recover the hard drive. Doing as such would require particular hardware that is typically used as a part of criminal examinations.
He was informed that a situation where even the police needed to go digging would require a group of 15, incorporating diggers with compulsory personal protection equipment. He couldn’t reserve such an operation, so he set up a wallet for donations:
A Newport City Council representative said somebody has reached them in the past about recovering IT equipment containing bitcoins, but the chamber has shied away because of the expenses of uncovering the landfill and treating the trash, as per Wired. Such an exertion would cost millions and be environmentally destructive, with no assurance that a working drive would be recuperated. Around 50,000 tons of waste is added to the landfill every year.
A city chamber representative said the drive has likely experienced genuine galvanic corrosion from landfill leachates and gases. The landfill isn’t open to the public use.
Howells has the public address for his bitcoin, so he knows the bitcoins have not been moved. Since the information is encrypted, any individual who finds the hard drive would require Howells’ assistance to get to it.
Hong Kong securities regulator has once again warned the public about Initial Coin Offering investment. The deputy chief of Honk Kong SFC (Securities and Futures Commission), Julia Leung, repeated the previous concerns of perils related to ICOs, in a speech which took place on Friday.
While emphasizing that the interests of regulators lie in protecting the investment of public first, Leung said:
“While we acknowledge that innovative technologies such as blockchain have the potential to improve efficiency and financial inclusion, that does not entitle anyone to conduct fundraising from the public in violation of securities law.”
Obscurity for Investors
As Leung is the chair of the SFC’s Fintech Advisory Group, she claimed that it would be difficult for an average investor to decrypt the extreme-technical-content and obscurity of few projects that are in quest of fundraising, as she stated that it was more suitable for proficient investors from VC funds instead. Her remarks then drew the attention to projects that claim to use blockchain technology as a “slogan” to vow high-tech claims without any innovation to fulfil those promises.
Julia Leung also added:
“Many of these fundraisings are dubious, if not downright frauds. The issuers escape the scrutiny of the police or securities regulators because of their cross-border nature and the way the crypto assets are structured to fall outside any regulator’s perimeter.”
Warning Against ICOs
These comments pursue an earlier statement, in which guidelines were provided for ICO issuers that must be followed ahead of fundraising operation. Certain ICOs could be considered as securities as well, according to Leung. Since the scrutiny, the regulator has issued a warning letter to almost seven exchanges along with domestic presence, prompting them not to trade cryptocurrency tokens as it sees them as securities without a license.
The regulator said:
“The SFC will continue to closely monitor ICOs and will not tolerate any violations of the securities laws of Hong Kong.”
Seeing growing public interest, the authorities of Hong Kong launched a “public awareness campaign” at the beginning of this year to enlighten general public about the Initial Coin Offering investment and cryptocurrencies by using, articles, advertisements, and infographics.
In her speech, Leung also pointed out the volatility of bitcoin price and added:
“Many millennials who subscribe to digital tokens in ICOs5 understand that there is no intrinsic value in the tokens but are betting on the rapid rise of the token value in the secondary market.”
on 15th March, Bloomberg BNA reported that Stephanie Avakian (Enforcement Division Co-Director) of US SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) has confirmed that “dozens” of investigations have been conducted by the agency in the cryptocurrency space.
It was reported in February that subpoenas have been sent by SEC to companies, that are suspected of having trouble with the security laws through their contribution in the ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings). The comment of Avakain follows these press reports as she said;
“We are very active, and I would just expect to see more and more.”
Statement Released by Securities and Exchanges Commission (SEC)
A statement was released by SEC on 7th March, prompting cryptocurrency trading platforms that they are under the control of the SEC as it monitors them and as an outcome, it must register as exchanges. It’s already clear that SEC holds the main responsibility for proposing securities rules, enforcing federal securities laws, regulating the securities industry, and other actions, which includes the electronic securities markets. SEC supervision ended up as three different companies were suspended from trading due to queries related to the cryptocurrency.
What has SEC done against the crypto-related companies?
Over the past few years, the SEC has taken more steps against cryptocurrency companies that it was seeing as flaunting securities laws. Bloomberg also reported that since September 2017, many actions have been taken by the commission against companies.
On 14th March, Mike Lempres (Chief Legal and Risk Officer at Coinbase) has highlighted in a testimony (before Congress) that the major financial regulatory organizations haven’t agreed on the nature of cryptocurrency. In the US, the regulatory framework for cryptocurrencies still remains unclear.
For SEC, it is a security, while the CFTC (Commodity Futures Trading Commission) deliberates tokens as a commodity. If we talk about the IRS (Internal Revenue Service), it considers tokens to be property, while tokens are considered as currency for FinCEN (Financial Crimes Enforcement Network).
European Commissioner, Mariya Gabriel, has confirmed that European Commission is going to pay attention to the growing electricity consumption in the European Union, for the cryptocurrency mining, as she supervises and manages digital economy and the social order. A notice was posted on the European Parliament website and according to that notice, this issue was addressed by Gabriel in response to a question that was presented in the parliament.
The Issue of Power Consumption
Gabriel mentioned, that the Commission is well-aware of the issues like growing electricity consumption for cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology. This issue is going to be perilous, especially for bitcoin, as the cryptocurrency mining is intense in China. Whereas, according to some estimates, two-third of entire mining takes place in China, and some of the mining is done in other places.
The statement also noted that no legal basis is there to avert or limit energy consumed inside the EU at this time. However, specifying that electrical consumption is an economic movement, it is an issue for EU regulations that also apply to energy proficiency, greenhouse gas emissions and the power sector. The cryptocurrency mining business model is based on providing a high assessment of cryptocurrencies. The growing electricity consumption and the price, both are expected to alter the demand and worth for cryptocurrencies.
Mining Isn’t Illegal
The Commission didn’t invoke in any way to follow the cryptocurrency mining since, it’s not an illegitimate activity. Though, the activity will be reviewed by the Commission as it has an impact on the demand for energy. Gabriel further stated that it’s always essential to keep this thing in your mind that many auspicious applications of blockchain technology usually don’t have an extreme need for processing power.
Christine Lagarde, Managing Director at International Monetary Fund, told in January that bitcoin mining is way too much energy intensive. It’s been warned by many environmentalists’ and analysts that the world is already battling with the climate change and that’s why industry’s power usage has turned in to such a huge concern.
EU Plans to Establish Blockchain
Last year, few plans were announced by the European Commission to launch an EU Blockchain Observatory as a response to a mandate of European Parliament for strengthening technical proficiency and governing bulk. In this project, an observatory and a forum will be included to collect the information from the blockchain technology and distributed ledger technology. Their main aim is to launch an EU expertise source for progressive blockchain subjects. The other goal is to contribute the EC for boosting the creation of technologies like these and to advance policy endorsements.
An Australian man claim to be the Bitcoin creator, Satoshi Nakamoto.
Really, he is the creator of the Bitcoin revolution?
Let’s have a complete discussion about it. Because the Bitcoin creator’s mystery is still a mystery. When someone breaks the ice, and claim that he is the creator of this technology, it needs discussion. A discussion with complete and real proof. So, step in, in the mysterious discussion.
Here, I have some question in my mind before a discussion.
how claim to be the creator?
his history, origin, business terms even living standard.
And much more. At this point, everyone has these or many more question in his/her mind. That is why we will discuss the history and personality first.
Craig Steven Wright an Australian businessman computer scientist claim that he is the creator of bitcoin. While a claim is the end of the mysterious discussion in the world.
BBC announced on Monday that Craig Wright told the media outlet he is the real man behind Satoshi Nakamoto. A businessman and computer scientist said that he launched the digital currency in 2009 with other’s help. The Same claim in Economist magazine.
Founder’s identity has been masked in uncertainty. Whereas, the media’s involvement to point out someone who has led the investigation.
Craig Wright says to the BBC,” I didn’t take the decision lightly to make my identity public and I want to be clear that I’m doing this because I care so passionately about my work and also to dispel any negative myths and fears”.
Craig Steven Wright
Craig Steven Wright, born on October 1970. He is an Australian computer scientist. In addition, he is graduated from high school in 1987. And was the word’s first person who receive GIAC certification in compliance and audits.
Career and business
World’s first online casino was designed by Craig Wright and worked in different companies as well. Due to some security issues, Craig spends 28 days in jail.
Whereas, Craig was the CEO of a firm Hotwire Preemptive Intelligence Group. Which plan to launch world’s first bitcoin-based bank. He is also the founder of the company DeMorgan Ltd. Which receive $54 million AUD in tax incentives. And, he is also the founder of cyber security and computer forensics company.
When rumors come to light
In 2015, random investigations held by Wired and Gizmodo. Both of them assumed that Craig Wright may have been the inventor of the Bitcoin technology. And, the transaction process gets started from here. As the chief scientist of bitcoin foundation, Gavin Andresen opinion counts. He is the one who has communicator with Satoshi Nakamoto more than others.
Today, Andresen believe that Craig Wright is Satoshi Nakamoto. Now, he is trying to convince rest of the world. Here, the reason is, he is the one from the lucky people to have seen which claim is in Craig’s favor.
Andresen belief is solid about Craig Wright’s identity regarding bitcoin. Here, is a private meeting detail of Andresen with Craig Wright in London.
Andresen says, “I’m still convinced that he’s Satoshi despite the really weird proof he’s put in his blog post,” says Andresen. He stands by a statement he published on his website this morning: “I believe Craig Steven Wright is the person who invented Bitcoin.”
A private meeting with private proof
Andresen says that he was invited by a firm to in-person demonstration designed to prove Craig Wright is the creator. This firm directly represents Craig Wright. Andresen feels hesitation while he was explaining the facts. In December, on transcripts, leaked emails, and accounting documents. But, some gaps found in Craig’s story, including backdated sign evidence, academic credentials. which clearly seems Craig was likely pulling an elaborate hoax or con.
Craig Wright follows up with the series of emails. On April 7, Andresen met with Craig in a conference room with two associates. Where Craig clear the remaining doubts of Andresen. The Bitcoin creator can have proved himself in two ways, suggested by the cryptographers. First, Nakamoto has to move some earliest bitcoin and been spend in last few years existence. Second, he has to use the same private keys that allow the owner to spend them to instead sign a message. Transfer the data in a way which proves that owner of Nakamoto just has that key.
There is a large number of investigative points which prove the ownership of the bitcoin technology.