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Brief History of Bitcoin

Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency, which was launched in 2009 by a mysterious developer, with a name “Satoshi Nakamoto.” Since the creation of Bitcoin, it has inspired thousands of other cryptocurrencies (generally called altcoins) and has gained an enormous acceptance across the world.

bitcoin blockchain

Though some altcoins have copied some aspects from the original concept of Satoshi, other altcoins also made significant development on the Bitcoin model. However, in some cases, some altcoins are just a copy of bitcoin and have the similar underlying program – but at the same time, they are a bit different from the original Bitcoin. In such cases, the bitcoin blockchain should undergo a procedure which is called “forking.”

Forking

  • In forking process, Bitcoin blockchain divided itself into two distinct entities.
  • Through forking, numerous cryptos with a similar name to Bitcoin were generated, including; bitcoin gold and bitcoin cash.
  • It may be a bit difficult for a casual investor to differentiate amid these cryptos and to plan the dissimilar hard forks on a timeline.

What is Genesis Block?

  • After Bitcoin was created, the first block was referred to as “Genesis Block.” It was mined on the Bitcoin blockchain by Satoshi.
  • Satoshi made many changes to the Bitcoin network in this process and those changes have now become even more complex as the userbase of Bitcoin has fully-fledged.
  • Not one can regulate when and how Bitcoin should upgrade, and this makes the entire process of changing/updating the system a little bit more complex.
  • Even after the creation of Genesis Block, a number of hard forks still existed.
  • Hard fork included the upgrading of software executing bitcoin and its mining processes.
  • Once a software is upgraded by a user, that software version discards all other transaction from older software and generates a new branch of the bitcoin blockchain.
  • However, users who use the older software are still going to continue to process transactions, henceforth, there’d be a similar set of transactions going on across two different Blockchains.

Bitcoin XT

  • This is one of the most notable Bitcoin hard forks.
  • In 2014, Mike Hearn made the software for integrating some of the new features that he proposed.
  • At that time, Bitcoin allowed only 7 transactions-per-second.
  • Bitcoin XT was intended to allow 24 transactions-per-second.
  • Bitcoin XT primarily experienced a great success after its launch, with almost 1,000 nodes running its software (back in 2015).
  • However, just after few months, users lost interest in Bitcoin XT, making it ‘doomed to die.’
  • Even though Bitcoin XT is officially available today, but it has visibly tumbled out of the errand of crypto community.

Bitcoin Classic

  • After Bitcoin XT failed, few cryptocurrency community members demanded an increase in the block sizes.

To accomplish this goal, Bitcoin Classic was created in 2016.

  • Unlike Bitcoin XT, Bitcoin Classic intended to raise block size to only 2 megabytes.
  • Just like Bitcoin XT, Bitcoin Classic also saw initial interest with almost 2,000 nodes for few months in 2016.
  • Bitcoin Classic still exists today and has gained a strong support from some developers.

SegWit

  • In 2015, Bitcoin core developer, Peter Wuille introduced the idea of SegWit (Segregated Witness).
  • SegWit aims to reduce the size of all Bitcoin transactions, letting more transactions to come off at the same time.
  • However, SegWit was officially a soft fork and might have assisted in prompting hard forks after it was initially proposed.

Bitcoin Cash

  • Some community users and developers decided to introduce a hard fork in response to SegWit, as well as to evade the procedure-updates.
  • This, at the same time led to the creation of Bitcoin Cash.
  • Bitcoin Cash detached from the main blockchain in August 2017 – when Bitcoin transactions were excluded by Bitcoin Cash wallets.
  • Up till now, Bitcoin Cash is the most effective and successful hard fork of Bitcoin.
  • Bitcoin Cash is also the 4th largest cryptocurrency by market cap and allows blocks of 8 megabytes.

Bitcoin Gold

  • After the creation of Bitcoin Cash, Bitcoin Gold was created.
  • The creators of Bitcoin Gold intended to evoke the mining functionality with elementary GPU (Graphics Processing Units) since they experienced that mining became also particular – in terms of hardware necessities.
  • Post-mine is an exclusive feature of the Bitcoin Gold and a procedure through which the developers mined 100,000 coins.
  • In general, Bitcoin Gold follows the basic concepts of Bitcoin.
  • Also, it is different in terms of ‘proof-of-work algorithm.’

As Bitcoin has been forked quite a few times within few years, there is a possibility that Bitcoin would still continuously experience both soft forks and hard forks in the future.

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Why Trump had to ban Venezuelan cryptocurrency Petro in the US?

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An executive order has been issued by the U.S. President Donald Trump to ban the US Citizens from buying Petro cryptocurrency. Petro is first state-issued cryptocurrency developed by the government of Venezuela.

Further more, Trump has issued strict orders to the Treasury Secretary, Steven Mnuchin, to implement this ban. Earlier this year, the Treasury Department also announced sanctions on four Venezuelan government officials.

buying petro

Why was Petro Launched?

The cryptocurrency Petro was launched in February 2018, which could be purchased through US dollars and euros. At the time of its launch, it was claimed to be backed by the oil and mineral reserves of the Venezuelan government. According to some critics, if investors once started buying Petro, it could easily support the official currency of Venezuela, which is steadily falling down mainly due to US-imposed financial sanctions.

Reason for Trump’s Ban on Petro

As mentioned above, the ban was an attempt to put pressure on the Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro and his undue policies. As a result, the efforts of Maduro’s government to boost their foreign currency reserves have been greatly affected.

US Treasury Secretary, Steven Mnuchin stated that President Maduro destroyed the Venezuelan economy which gave rise to a destructive humanitarian crisis in Venezuela. Instead of improving the present condition of their citizens, the Venezuelan government is trying to bypass the US sanctions through its Petro digital currency. In short, the Venezuelan President is trying to loot the resources of his people.

Effect of Trump’s ban on Petro

According to many critics, it is probably a quiet big blow for the Venezuelan government. Since most of the cryptocurrencies and their present market value is based upon the US dollar, so when we take the role of US out of that scene, the interest and potential rate for any of the cryptocurrency is also automatically reduced.

At a stage when Petro was struggled to create some serious interest among foreign governments, the ban by Trump will be extremely fatal. Earlier this year, Poland had also shown an interest in trading food and medicine with the Venezuelan government for the Petro, which was denied due to the sanctions imposed by the US president.

Let us know your point of view about all this in the comments below!

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IBM’s Affordable Blockchain ‘Starter Plan’

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The IBM Blockchain is a hot topic these days. No doubt, blockchain technology is an ingenious invention which allows digital information to be distributed without allowing to it to be copied or modified. Though it was invented by Satoshi Nakamoto in its initial form but uptill now it has evolved itself into a digital giant. That’s why every person somehow related to the internet technology has asked the question:

IBM blockchain

What is blockchain?

In short, blockchain is the backbone of a new kind of internet technology. In its original form, blockchain was being devised specifically for the cryptocurrency, Bitcoin. It is also known as the distributed ledger technology as it maintains a flawless record of digital transactions. Due to its credibility, blockchain has also been used by the tech community in various other ways. Furthermore, IBM Blockchain technology is a much more refined form of this digital platform.

As we all know, IBM is on the top of the list as it has been working with Blockchain technology since 2015. The credit of bringing blockchain to mainstream also goes to IBM. It was in 2016, when IBM started to use Blockchain technology in their own company.

And now IBM has presented the concept of an affordable Blockchain Starter Plan especially designed for small scale businesses.

IBM’s business blockchain network

At an initial stage a beta version of Blockchain Starter Plan will be launched in order to facilitate the use of Blockchain in all sorts of businesses. For that purpose, in 2016 IBM launched a test Blockchain program in partnership with Walmart.

This starter plan will be free for the duration of its beta version. After completion of the beta version duration a 30-day free trial will be offered once the plan becomes applicable in its full form.

How will all this work?

To be precise, business blockchain network uses the so called distributed ledger technology in order to make sure a secure transfer of business assets inside that network. The beauty of this process is that these assets can be both in physical or digital form. Members of this network would use a concord mechanism instead of depending upon a bank or other such institute for the validation of their transactions. It will automatically not only improve the processing speed of transactions but will also become the first step towards transparency across the business network.

According to Marie Wieck, the general manager of IBM Blockchain, the company currently has over 250 active blockchain networks. She further stated that this new plan will suit pilot projects and will be perfect for those who want to build solutions on the IBM blockchain platform.

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Finance Minister, Wopke Hoekstra Demands ICO Regulations

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On Thursday, a letter was issued to parliament by Dutch finance minister, Wopke Hoekstra, to encourage a global approach to cryptocurrency regulation. The main focus of Hoekstra is on new consumer protections and to start it up, he wants to have a dialogue with credit card companies about potentially introducing stronger protections for those people who prefer to buy cryptocurrency with their credit cards.

According to Hoekstra, by the end of 2019, all local exchange platforms, plus, the cryptocurrency regulation and services would deceptively get registered with the government and should be also obeying their customers necessities. The finance minister also proposed some new regulations in the letter, that could also be helpful in protecting the ICOs (initial coin offering) contributors.

cryptocurrency regulation

Hoekstra highlighted;

“It is being investigated whether investors in ICOs can become just as good protected as investors with a normal IPO or bond issue. The current framework is not sufficient for this.”

In the past, particularly in ICOs, some issues were highlighted by the regulators, making these proposals more noteworthy. Last November, a statement was released by AFM (Authority for Financial Markets) of Netherlands, which is a Dutch version of U.S. SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) and referred the ICO market to a dangerous-cocktail. Linked with these statements, a ban was proposed by Hoekstra that’d forbid marketing of risky financial products to random customers.

Moreover, Hoekstra also promised to work in the European Union with other countries as well and encourage collective research to discover the market’s cross-border nature. Yet, Hoekstra specified that even inside the Netherlands, more work is required for updating the laws of the country to account for cryptocurrencies and more erratic activities around it.

 

As in the letter Hoekstra wrote;

“The current supervisory framework and instruments are insufficiently tailored to cryptocurrency,”

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Cryptocurrency Project Controlled by China’s Government: Have a closer look!

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legal digital currency

 

China is among those countries that have exerted more control over cryptocurrency and continues to go forward in its exertions to present a government-controlled cryptocurrency. Recently, a group of Shanghai reporters learned about a secretive cryptocurrency projects during the Global Blockchain Summit Forum.

Last week, the ministry of industry and information technology of China revealed that a study searching for a framework in order to regulate blockchain technology locally has been already conducted by it. The embracive perspective for blockchain technology is exactly opposite to the Chinese crippling curbs against the local cryptocurrency markets that have called on ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings) ban and cryptocurrency exchanges phased out to effectually broad up the local trading markets.

Progress

According to a report, 22 blockchain technology invention patents have been applied by the China Boxer Blockchain Technology Research Institute. The primary technology architecture by the team has been finished and according to Yifeng, the digital billing business of central bank has been also completed. At this time, it is encouraging the opening and closing of a blockchain registration platform.

According to Yifeng, the most crucial part of the blockchain is to advance the technology with the real business while searching for application scenarios. The members of the platform cannot only use it, but they’ll be also able to conduct the institutional certification and attain shared trust and assistance amid all parties.

Yifeng said that the major difference between the current electronic payment and digital currency is that it can be both “account-based” and “non-account-based.” Digital currency appears to ease the expediency, speed and low-cost of a trade payment system, although simultaneously, delivering protection and security of the privacy of the user.

The Real Digital Currency

According to Yifeng, the statutory digital currency that is issued by the central bank is the only real digital currency. For him, the digital currency that bitcoin represents is, in fact, a digital asset with firm qualities, less intrinsic value and more volatility.

Yifeng said that the coins issued by ICO are more preposterous. He added, how can an autonomous credit currency turn out to be a payment and liquidity instrument. He furthermore added, there’s no clear schedule for the launch of the legal digital currency.

The Blockchain Technology Research Institute will be establishing obliging associations with numerous research institutes and universities to encourage research in extents like distributed technologies, cryptography algorithms and zero-knowledge proofs.

Based on blockchain technology, the Digital Billing Platform which was taken on back in 2016 by the China Boxer Blockchain Technology Research Institute was effectively established on the Stock Exchange. According to the chairman of China Bills Credit Card Industry Development Co., Ltd., Fan Guiluo, blockchain is a trusted technology and it will be used under the reliable system of the China’s banknote printing and issuing company.

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Bitcoin startups in India

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Bitcoin startups in India

As we know blockchain has created the great impact all over the world. In India, the situation is quite different.  Blockchain technology is considered as nascent technology. There are many controversies regarding the status of Bitcoin in India. Joint director,head-corporate affairs and capital market division of ASSOCHAM Santosh Parashar said,”all insecurities and controversies are due to the lack of knowledge about this technology”.

bitcoin startups in india

India’s going to assert itself in financial technology

This technology is Legal or illegal. These are two different aspects. Both are in discussion. Santosh said , the technology holders have not come from Neverland, but their work based on experiences. What is the future of blockchain in India? Future is uncertain. We know that India is known as IT hub for more than a decade, but things could soon take an even better turn as the country carries huge potential to create the same story in financial technology.

Global Summit platform

On 21st April 2017, the second Global Summit will be held in Bangalore. The summit will serve as a platform to discuss all the insecurities, challenges and opportunities linked with blockchain technology. It will try to work out the future of digital currency in India.

Summit will focus the impact of this technology on different sectors including banking, insurance and on different financial technology sectors.

A few years ago, the Reserve Bank of India issued a warning in relation to the purchase of Bitcoins. Now the Central Bank has released the updated version of the warning.

Earlier this year, the government of India was going to ban Bitcoin. As Some largest countries of the world like China, US, Japan tried to ban the technology, but due to the ever-growing interest from common folk, couldn’t implement it.

Can you hear us??

Local Bitcoin’s group wants to meet with financial technology sectors.  They want to explain their point of view regarding blockchain technology. block chain’s trade process and how you can earn from bitcoin. At this point, digital assets and blockchain foundation characterize the interest of the domestic industry.   local bitcoin’s group make it clear that they want to maintain the transactions, and will promote the blockchain in India as well.  For that purpose, they want to create meetings. Bitcoin exchange Unocoin were also there.

“We request the committee to give us an opportunity to meet them and showcase the benefits of this technology for our country. Financial inclusion, cheaper cross-border remittance, full trace and track on the movement of value on the blockchain network, and the potential for India to become a financial hub are key benefits that can be derived using virtual currencies.”

So, a message from Local Bitcoins group has changed the wind, and positive waves are starting to flow in India. Last week, India declared that they’d soon be taking part in Bitcoin trades, while revealed a committee that will develop and report back to tech. several government departments and country’s central banks are also taking part.

Tags: bitcoin price in India, buy bitcoin India

 

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