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On 19th March, SFC website posted that the Securities and Futures Commission of Hong Kong has halted the Black Cell Technology’s ICO (Initial Coin Offering) because the offering is constituted as an unregistered CIS (Collective Investment Scheme).

Now the investors of Hong Kong must have to be refunded by the Black Cell for their investments in the tokens. This would support “Krops,” which is a mobile application and a marketplace that lists the agricultural products. At the same time, many warnings have been issued by SFC for companies before, however, today is the very first intervention of shutting down ICO technologies in Hong Kong.

ico technologies

Black Cell to Its Investors

Black Cell promoted the ICO on its website by enlightening their investors that their investment would be considered as funding and will be used for the development of Krops mobile application. Black Cell also told the investors that the token holders would have the rights equivalent to the Black Cell.

In January 2018, a cease-and-desist order was filed by the Philippines SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) against four different companies that were linked with Krops and Black Cell as well as for offering Krops token in the form of securities.

Why Black Cell was targeted?

Black Cell was specifically targeted because their token provides a return for token holders. That was the move which labelled the token as a potential security. There’s no doubt that their other projects have been more abstruse in their approach but on the other hand, it avoided direct regulatory involvement. Even with the authorities making their approach clear towards ICOs, the question still remains the same that for how long that autonomy will continue.

Jay Clayton Views

The U.S. SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) is taking a hard line on the ICOs following the securities laws. Jay Clayton, head of SEC has recently noted that all the ICOs that he has seen need to be considered as security and added, that they should be registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission before they are sold to the investors of US.

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Why does IMF chief Christine Lagarde want to regulate the ‘cryptomarket’?

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Christine Lagarde, Chief of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), has said in an IMF blog post that the blockchain technology used to regulate cryptocurrencies can also be considered helpful in regulating and legalizing them.

In fact, it would prove to be a good news for crypto lovers as they have also been longing for the cryptocurrency to be legalized. Once it will be legalized, more people would get attracted towards it and the market ratio will automatically stabilize. According to some, the blog statement of Christine Lagarde can be considered as the first step towards the legal monitoring of cryptocurrency.

cryptomarket

In her above-mentioned blog, Christine Lagarde, appreciates the salient features of blockchain technology, which she refers to as an “exciting advancement that could help revolutionize fields beyond finance.” However, addressing the “dark side of the crypto world” she further explained that cryptocurrency market also needs legalized regulation in order to avoid illegal activities e.g; money laundering and funding terrorist activities around the globe. According to her some of the main features of cryptocurrencies is their anonymity which can inturn prove them safe for criminals and terrorists — that’s what makes them dangerous in short and blockchain technology is the only way to monitor what is actually going on in the world of cryptocurrency. To understand her statement further we must know what actually the Blockchain Technology is.

Blockchain Technology

Blockchain technology is the actual power behind Bitcoin, Ethereum, and other major cryptocurrencies. Technically, it is an openly accessible collection of financial accounts of all transactions which have been made in the crypto system since its starting point.

The reason behind Christine Lagarde’s blog statement

The main reason behind Lagarde’s statement is that she’s also well-aware of the financial stability faced by crypto-market during the past few months. At the same time the tremendous variations in the value of cryptocurrencies have also served to ignite her interest.

She further suggested that cryptocurrencies require the same sort of regulation as implemented on traditional currencies. However, she acknowledged that a lot of work needs to be done. She also suggested the use of biometrics and some other techniques like artificial intelligence, distributed ledger technology etc. could ensure the information-sharing between market participants and regulators.

Lagarde’s point of view is that with the help of modern technology, we can easily turn crypto-market for the public good, instead of making it a place of comfort and shelter for criminal minded people.

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Digital currency under regulatory scrutiny- SEC

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Cryptocurrencies

After being spooked by the massive digital tokens crackdown, cryptocurrencies got another pushback by the feds recently. The Securities and Exchange Commission in the U.S has decided to gun down all the cryptocurrencies, especially Ethereum under regulatory scrutiny to whether consider it as security or commodity. After a remarked high range in digital currency world, this bull to bearish reversal is the result of investor anxiety gushes over the squabble between Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and Commodities Futures Trading Commission (CFTC).

ethereum icos

The second most popular digital currency after Bitcoin in the charts, Ethereum is considered under the category of security will have hard consequences. Not only for Ethereum cryptocurrency, but all digital currencies crowdfunded through ICOs, that is Initial Coin Offerings.

Coming under increased regulatory scrutiny by the U.S government, all these cryptocurrencies are viewed as securities due to their speculative nature all around. Regulators have already declared bitcoin as security. But undermining the liquidity of this second popular cryptocurrency can prove out to be disastrous for it and also the cryptocurrency economy. Though the basic mechanism working behind these two digital currencies is not merely same, but they contribute majorly to the cryptocurrency world.

Initial coin offering

Until the mid-2017, selling transaction of these tokens was not much of an exhausting task. A team would emerge through these blockchains and present their purpose of tokens in a ‘white paper’. They would then arrange an Initial Coin Offering Service, ICOs where they would offer coins to nearly anyone who would exchange them for cash or Bitcoins.

The main idea or theory behind this ICO was to fund and support the construction of that newly emerging online service. But later in a few cases, these ICOs were proved to be scams. Absconding of these organizers created an upthrust, where SEC fired a warning claiming that tokens sold in ICO may be considered as securities and their declaration will be mandatory. SEC values Ethereum similar to any public Company who strives every act to value their stock.

Now the developers are concerned that due to the fact that Ethereum ICOs investors bought the tokens in hope that their value will increase in the near future, it could be classed as security. But the plethora of issues is not that straight and easy here.

Ethereum co-founder denies

The whole dilemma was observed and addressed by the co-founder of Ethereum, Joseph Lubin in a conference. He says that the scrutiny doesn’t upset him. According to him and the developers, this does not meet the requirements of security and doesn’t have to be regulated, therefore. There were no concerns about the potential issues about the cryptocurrency. he further said, he never considered and identified the system as security ever.

The Howey Test

A case resided between the SEC and WJ Howey Co in 1946. In this case, the foundation to determine the event to be a commodity or a security was set. It is now known as the Howey Test.

In simpler terms, Howey Co. sold a part of their citrus farm to some investors. Their idea behind it was to gain profits from the operations performed on the farm. It was considered as a securities contract by the judge explaining that the scheme focuses on the idea to obtain profits from the efforts and labor of others.

Basically, in simpler terms, this test helps to determine if a transaction or profit is obtained solely by the hard work and labor of one party and not by the other party, combined in an agreement. This Howey Test has been greatly talked and argued about in the regard of these cryptocurrencies and ICO. As the basic phenomena in Ethereum ICOs reside the same. The investor expects profits primarily from others hard work and efforts.

Securities classification arguments

According to wall street journals, the future of the cryptocurrencies is under debate, whether it would be identified as security or not. Commodities and securities under which the legislation falls are regulated by different authority bodies. They are regulated and operated in different markets and agencies. These differences will greatly affect the investors, sellers, and buyers in the cryptocurrency market.

Despite all the fuss and controversy about the issue, a lot of experts are very positive and hopeful about the future and growth of Ethereum cryptocurrencies. Many have come up suggesting that Ethereum and such cryptocurrencies may be considered as unregistered securities after a continues refusal by the founders of them being never entertained as security. The growing market capitalization of Ethereum cryptocurrency has shown that this is not going anywhere this soon!

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Blockchain wallet

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Blockchain wallet

Blockchain provides secure wallet to its users with options to do transactions. After a year, you are able to buy bitcoin with debit or credit cards as well as bank transfer.

Whereas, blockchain is an online wallet that allows the people to do transactions anywhere in the world. It is like get set go to transactions. Accordingly, users of this technology want to stay up to date with this network. Which is strongly protected by the cryptography.

This wallet is just like your local bank account. Where you have the authority to save money or spend it in different ways. In the same way, you have to open an account with blockchain. where with complete authority you will be able to store your bitcoin.

Furthermore, you are free to convert your bitcoin to the cash for the sake of payments. The process of creating an account with blockchain will take few minutes.

Funding in blockchain and Peter Smith’s statements

CEO of the blockchain Peter Smith says, “This announcement represents a giant step forward in making bitcoin, still a nascent currency, a more compelling and efficient financial solution for new users.”

Furthermore, the blockchain is the world’s most famous funding startups with $30.5 million in 2014. Whereas, the wallet has nearing 10 million users. Company claims about, “The world’s biggest provider of digital wallets for bitcoin, with over 50% market share. Over 150,000 transactions a day on average.” And android version downloaded 500,000 to 1 million times.

Now, we are going to discuss blockchain wallets in detail.

Steps to make an account on blockchain

  1. when you have done with your verification to make an account then look up your new wallet dashboard.
  2. when you have done with your verification to make an account then look up your new wallet dashboard.
  3. Open a website of blockchain info to read some information about the blockchain wallet.Blockchain wallet
    1. when you visit blockchain website, click the button create the account.

    Blockchain wallet

    1. Here, you need to download the registration form. It will ask some verifications regarding your email address. Then, in that scenario, you have to use your email id and create a strong password. Accordingly, use the password consist 16 words including letters, digits or characters.

    Blockchain wallet

  1. when you have done with your verification to make an account then look up your new wallet dashboard.

Blockchain wallet

Here, you have blockchain wallet account with 0 BTC. Here, you have complete authority to in-cash your BTCs.

5. Verify your email id associated with your wallet. And login with new blockchain wallet.

Blockchain wallet Blockchain wallet

  1. Now, you have to secure your wallet. where get your back up phrase, enter your mobile number and blocking IP that suspects to be part of anonymous from the network.

Blockchain wallet

Blockchain wallet

Blockchain wallet services

Here, we are going to know about services of the blockchain programmatically. Few of the content of services are given below.

Getting started

If you are using this API, you need to must run the local service, doesn’t matter it is small. wallet. In addition, your service and application is connecting via API. Here, you have to complete some steps, are;

  • follow the installation instruction and completes it
  • start the server; $ blockchain-wallet-service start –port 3000
  • start interacting with your wallet pragmatically

Your application and wallet service is running locally on the same machine. Moreover, except localhost. Therefore, make you sure the appropriate rules to prevent authorize use. If you want to accept this service an external connection.

You need an API code for higher request limits and wallet creation.

Upgrading

You have to complete the requirements of the site if you already use blockchain info’s wallet API. In addition, replace calls to blockchain.info/merchant/… with localhost:<port>/merchant/….

API Documentation

New blockchain wallet

This method is used to create an account through blockchain info, here is an example;

localhost:3000/API/v2/create
utilize the method of POST or GET

Password: New Password must contain 10 characters.

API_code: An API code with creating wallets permission.

Preview: A private key is optionally add to the wallet.

Label:  Label is set first address in wallet ,which is optional

Email:

creating an email address with this wallet on the behalf of. optional

create wallets with the permission from create and code.

Blockchain wallet

Your payments

Parameters:

  •  required bitcoin address
  • the amount must be in Satoshi
  •  your wallet password
  •  in case of second wallet, required wallet password.
  •  API code is optional
  •  bitcoin address or account index is optional
  • the fee may or may not in Satoshi, is optional

 

 

Blockchain wallet

Send it to Many

Parameters:

  •  bitcoin address as keys and Satoshi amounts as value are required.
  •  required main wallet address
  • your second address is required
  •  wallet API code is optional
  •  bitcoin address or account index is optional
  • the fee may or may not in Satoshi, is optional

Blockchain wallet

Blockchain wallet

Fetch Wallet Balance

Parameters:

  •  main  wallet address is required
  •  API code is required

Sample,

Blockchain wallet

List Addresses

Parameters:

  •  required main wallet address
  •  API code is optional

Sample,

Blockchain wallet

Fetch Address Balance

Parameters:

  • requird address to fetch balance
  • required main wallet password
  •  API wallet code is optional.

Furthermore, there is no confirmation parameter.

Sample,

Blockchain wallet

Generate Address

Parameters:

  •  required main wallet password
  •  label to give an address is optional
  •  API code is optional

Sample,

Blockchain wallet

Archive Address

Parameters:

  •  required an address to archive
  • required your main wallet password
  • API code of wallet is optional

Sample ,

Blockchain wallet

Unarchive Address

Parameters:

  • required an address to unarchive
  •  required main wallet password
  •  API code of the wallet is optional here.

Sample ,

Blockchain wallet

Enable HD Functionality

Parameters:

  • required your main wallet address
  • API code is optional

These wallets allow the use of accounts.

List Active HD Accounts

Parameters:

  • main wallet password is required
  • API code is optional

List  xPubs

Parameters:

  •  main wallet password is required
  •  API code is optional here

 New HD Account

Parameters:

  •  its optional when you are labeling to assign to the newly created account
  • required main wallet password
  •  API is optional here

Get Single Account

Parameters:

  •  required main wallet password
  •  API wallet code is optional

 HD Account Receiving Address

Parameters:

  •  required main wallet address
  • API wallet code is optional

Check account’s balance

Parameters:

  •  main wallet password is required
  • API code is optional

Archive  Account

Parameters:

  • required main wallet password
  • API wallet code is optional

Unarchive  Account

Parameters:

  • the main password is required
  •  API wallet code is optional

RPC

starting RPC server which is bitcoin-compatible RPC API. Whereas, blockchain wallet service start RPC, In addition, RPCssl is not supported and different from server API

 

  • .this method does not support the listsin block
  •  list received by the address and param min confirmation is not supported for methods
  •  This confirmation not supported to get balance
  • list accounts don’t have support from the method.
  •  transactions have a different format

Installation

Nodejs and npm are required to install and use this API service. Installation:  by using this API service, Nodejs and npm are needed to install. Moreover, you need to make sure that you are using the latest version.

 check your version:

blockchain service V

update the latest version:

npm update -g

Requires:

  • node >= 0.12.0
  • npm >= 2.12.0, < 3.0.0

some troubleshooting is given below, during the installation.

Troubleshooting

following are few installation error .if you find some error in installation use sudo command for installation

Startup

if your node is installed with different name, then creat a symlink to your binary. In addition , install node through node version manager.

Runtime

  •  it may show the arror of not method compare. whether, it is because of old versiom , in that scenerio , update your version
  •  and , if you do not install jawa , you may face the wallet decryption error.

Timeout

  •  when you are using un recognize browser or IP address , you may get time out response. In addition, authorization from your blockchain wallet may be required.

Usage

Once installation is complete, you are free to use blockchain service

claim 

  •  h-help
  •  V- version number output
  •  c- currency directory as wallet service moduale.

Commands

this command will start service efficiently to make blockchain wallet APIV2 on a specific port.

Command options

h-help

p-to run the server, you needs the port number

b-bind

ssl- it’s optional the path to your key

ssl-cert – SSL get certificate

bind to 0000, to open service for all incoming connections

RPC- start 

this command will start JSON RPC server.

command option

k- for server request use API

P-RPC server port

b-bind to an ip

e.g.

start service on 3000 port, start wallet API

Development

  1. Clone
  2. Run and install npm
  3. start npm
  4.  the development server is running on 3000 port

this is useful to create a symlink to my wallet V3, especially when you are developing blockchain wallet client alongside

Test

Test: npm

composition 

these  parameters may be configured in

  •   running server default is 3000
  •  ip address to bind and the default is 127.0.0.1

 Deployment

Furthermore, if you use blockchain service in UNIX server. you just need to run “nohup, blockchain wallet service with port 3000.

 

Good luck!

 

 

 

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Selling of bitcoin

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Bitcoin selling is not that much simple as you buying bitcoin. But we are here to guide you to cash out your digital currency. When you are mentally prepared to sell your bitcoin, you have two options in front of you selling bitcoin online and selling bitcoin in person. You have to decide that which option you are going to choose because both options have advantages and disadvantages. Here we will discuss both options to clear your difficulty.

Online selling bitcoin

This is the most common option of trading your bitcoin. Which include the three ways of selling your bitcoins.

  1. Direct trade
  2. Exchange trade
  3. Peer to peer trading marketplaces

 

Direct trade

and then put an offer of sale. Sites alert you when a buyer will available and you can contact the buyer by using a website to complete your trade. Bitbargain and bootylicious are quite different so you have some patience.

Exchange trade

In this way, you also have to verify yourself. You may not be going to trade with an individual but with an exchange. Where exchanges act intermediary who keeps’s everyone’s funds. You just need to place a sell order, amount and type of currency you want to sell, and per unit price you want to sell. As soon as buy order places, an exchange will complete the transaction and your desired currency will be credited to your account. The downside is if you are selling bitcoin for fiat currencies, you have to withdraw those funds to the bank. These are some difficulties you can face in future If you’ll make the wrong decision with bitcoins. So be careful while you are purchasing or selling the bitcoin. Circle, Kraken, and Bitstamp are some examples of crypto to fiat currency.

On the other side, you can use the currency directly in shops where bitcoin directly use or a bitcoin shop rarely accept lite coin and dogecoin. that’s the rare case if someone wants to use pure currency exchange to change bitcoin for another currency.

For exchange, BTC e-charges a flat 0.2%. but on the other hand, you must store on exchange for your future.

Selling of bitcoin

  • Peer-to-peer trading

Trading in which site like brawler and purse combine the two or more groups of people to competes for their specific issues. In this process, the first group combines the group of people who wants to buy goods from sites which don’t accept digital currency directly. They want to be able to use bitcoin. And in second, there is that type of people who buy bitcoin with a credit or debit card. The marketplace combines the people of same requirements.

  1. Emi place her amazon wish list on marketplace
  2. Hash want to buy bitcoin by using his credit/debit card on the same rate place by Emi. So, he’ll accept the trade by using marketplace platform. And things were delivered to Emily’s place.
  3. Once the good delivered, hash’s bitcoin are released and arrive in his wallet.

In this system, hash pays an amount for service but easily able to attain bitcoin via bank card.

Withdrawing from your own funds

The worldwide way of moving money is international wire transfer. Most of the online bitcoin markets use this way also. But for the ease of the people, another way of transferring your money is single European payment areas. This SEPA was created to make international transfer between the member if European union more efficiently. e-support these payments.

Transfer take a long time and heavy charges of services. If you are going to open an account for this purpose you’ll face heavy refusal from banks. HSBC directly refused this guide accounts for bitcoin trading.

Your identification is necessary

Your identification is must when you are going to buying or selling the bitcoin. While you going to buy a bitcoin, there will be a small process of your identification but when you are going to sell your bitcoin, you must face different difficulties. So, while buying the bitcoin, you must complete your identification process. When you first enter, the site makes your identification clear by uploading at least two utility bills, your pic, id card to make your selling process easier.

When you are going to sell your bitcoins, you have to be aware of several things,

  1. You can use mobile phone application for the calculation of the rates.
  2. Worldwide meetup of bitcoins is existing. Where people easily trade the bitcoin and cryptocurrencies.
  3. Many use the same price as prominent bitcoin exchange or bitcoin desk.
  4. For the sake to cover costs, some seller applies the percentage on the top of the rate.
  5. Prices vary from country to country, so it will help you in local fluctuations.
  6. Keep yourself safe, so create your meeting in public places.
  7. There is a site, where you are can easily advertise yourself as a bitcoin seller.

Good luck

 

 

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Jay Clayton Believes ‘All ICOs Are Not Fraudulent’

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According to the chairman of the US SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission), Jay Clayton, ‘all ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings) are not fraudulent’. These remarks were made by Clayton, on 5th April, during a speech at Princeton University. Clayton also added that stamping out fraud in the cryptocurrency market is perilous to protect customers. As well as, the improved regulatory analysis will essentially benefit the industry by removing fraudsters from it and con artists who give the whole place a bad name. Since there’ve been many ICO fraud cases before, the remarks of Clayton became viral.

SEC Investigation

Jay Clayton’s Remarks

Clayton said:

“Is the approach taken in Washington by the SEC adversely affecting distributed ledger technology in other areas? My hope is that it’s actually helping because this technology is being used for fraud… And to the extent that it’s being used for fraud, history shows that government comes down harshly on that technology later.”

He also added:

“If we don’t stop the fraudsters, there is a serious risk that the regulatory pendulum – the regulatory actions – will be so severe that they will restrict the capacity of this new security.”

Clayton signalled about SEC investigations, in February 2018, that his agency would be investigating cryptocurrencies and at that time, he said:

“I believe every ICO I’ve seen is a security.”

However, a few weeks later, ICOs were again targeted by the SEC as it issued dozens of subpoenas to the tech-companies related to cryptocurrencies, and counsellors to explore how ICOs are organized.

ICOs Ceased for Scam

Fraud charges were filed against the co-founders of Centra Tech, Robert Farkas and Sohrab Sharma on April 2, by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Centra tech co-founders were accused of raising $32 million by vending unregistered securities throughout the Centra ICO, as it was promoted by Floyd Mayweather (boxing champ) and DJ Khaled (record producer).

According to public documents, the SEC is now looking forward to two bitcoin exchange-traded funds for listing on the NYSE Arca, which is the first “all-electronic” exchange in the US. The name of these two-bitcoin exchange-traded funds are:

  • The ProShares Bitcoin ETF
  • The ProShares Short Bitcoin ETF

 

SEC to Allow Cryptocurrency ETFs

Cboe president, Chris Concannon advised the agency to permit crypto ETFs and soon after that, the SEC consideration of bitcoin ETFs showed up. In a letter, that was sent to the SEC, on23rd March, Concannon sacked criticism that virtual currencies are extremely volatile to be treated like other dependable commodities.

Concannon wrote in the letter:

“Because of its innovative features as a digital asset, bitcoin has gained wide acceptance as a secure means of exchange in the commercial marketplace and has generated significant interest among investors.”

Concannon also added that there is sufficient reliable price info from the bitcoin futures market on CME and Cboe Futures Exchange that must alleviate the regulatory uncertainties about its impenetrability as an asset-tool.

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