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How To Set Up A Bitcoin Miner

Bitcoin mining is done through a hardware called bitcoin miner. The hardware can be divided into three main categories, each more expensive and powerful than other.

Here, we have explained each category and described how to set up a Bitcoin miner.

While setting up a bitcoin miner, the first thing you will need to do is to choose the hardware, and there are two main things to particularly think about: hash rate and energy consumption.

Hash Rate:

Hash rate is the number of calculations per second performed by the miner to crack the mathematical problems in Bitcoin mining setup.

They are measured in Megahashes (MH/sec), Gigahashes(GH/sec), and Terahashes (TH/sec) per second.

The higher your hash rate, the easier it is to solve a transaction block.

Energy Consumption:

Mining equipment is unfathomably powerful and chews up a gigantic amount of electricity, which, ultimately results in higher costs.

While searching for the equipment, make sure its energy consumption is in watts. You need to ensure that you don’t wind up spending the majority of your cash on electricity bills to mine coins that won’t be worth what you paid.

In case you need to work out how many hashes you are getting for each watt of electricity, divide the hash tally by the number of watts consumed.

For instance, a device with 500 GH/sec that takes 400 watts of electricity, then you’re getting 1.25 GH/sec per watt.

You can also use several online electricity price calculators to figure out the value in traditional currency.

Types of Mining Hardware:

Bitcoin Mining pc comes in three major categories, GPU/CPU, FPGA, and ASIC.

GPU/CPU:

The least powerful consuming machine to mine Bitcoin is your very own regular PC. Theoretically, you can use a regular PC for mining purpose, but its processing is so slow, there is no point in using it.

To enhance the processing power i.e. hash rate, add a graphics hardware to your PC. The hardware features graphical processing units (GPUs).

GPUs are intended for overwhelming mathematical lifting which is utilized as a part of computing all the complex polygons required in the top of the line computer games.

This ability makes them great at the SHA hashing mathematics which is essential for solving transaction blocks.

FPGA Mining:

FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) empowers a mining equipment producer to purchase the chips in volume, and afterward customize them for Bitcoin mining before placing them into their own particular gear.

Due to the fact that they are customized for mining, they offer enhanced performance as compared to CPUs and GPUs.

ASIC Bitcoin Miners:

Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) is where all the action takes place. ASICs are particularly manufactured perform only one task: mine bitcoins at mind-squashing speeds, with lower power consumption.

Because ASICs are designed specifically for high-speed mining, they are expensive and time-consuming to produce. However, the speeds are unbelievably fast.

The current units can reach the hash rates between 5-500 Gigahashes/sec, and the future units are promised to go even higher.

All Set? Join a Pool:

When you have Bitcoin mining set up, your next stride is to join a mining pool. Bitcoin miners put their assets and share their hashing power in these pools. Once the mining completes, the individuals from a pool get a reward which is then split among all the members, based on the number of hashes shared by an individual.

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Bitcoin – A Child poster for speculation

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A Child poster for speculation

13 July 2017, bitcoin is the leading prima donna of the digital currency market. Anyhow, a big wall street bank does not impress by the crypto-storm.

James Faucette leads the Morgan Stanley’s team to hold up Bitcoin BTCUSD. +0.05% as a poster child for assumption although downplaying its potential as a valid currency.

In a report, analysts of the cryptocurrency note that online merchants’ percentage is low from last five years. This is the fact that price of the digital currency increases by 250%.

Faucette says, “The disparity between virtually no merchant acceptance and bitcoin’s rapid appreciation is striking.”

He has the responsibility for retailer’s quick appreciation in case of lack of bitcoin’s appeal, high cost with low transaction process. But unluckily, the main offender may be its rapidly growing worth.

Faucette says, “The ecosystem has focused more on value speculation rather than the foot-leather-eating work of increasing acceptance — way easier to trade speculatively than convince new merchants to accept the cryptocurrency.”

In early June, Morgan warned the cryptocurrencies to join the traditional investment tools. In this context, they need to accept the government oversight. Accordingly, it didn’t persuasive what that would demand.

Meanwhile, until the bitcoin’s regulation introduces, the discussion is over that Bitcoin is an alternative formula of monopoly money. Or, a genuine currency is expected to continue without a definitive conclusion.

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Bitcoin Mining – An Italian Bank’s Server Was Hijacked

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That was the time when you had the option to snip your company’s server power and mine bitcoin for yourself.

British cyber security

During last week presentation, British cyber security professionals had some discussion to tell about the sneaky and illegal mining of the bitcoins. In January 2015, Darktrace considers a possible interference in Italian bank’s system.

The firm exposes that the data is diffuse from one of the bank’s server to the European crime association. Director of the Darktrace Dave Palmer declares in Al summit, “It was a fairly well known European criminal botnet.” He says “The data was not customer data; it turned out to be a fairly buggy implementation of bitcoin mining software.”

The hijacked Italian bank was revealed speedily. It was inactivated within half an hour of it beginning to mine bitcoin. Palmer says, “I don’t think they made very much money out of it.”

2014 was the prime time for the criminal bitcoin mining activities. Palmer says, “It was super fashionable to have coin mining going on alongside sending spam from botnets.” According to the Palmer, bank server case was rare in the history, because these activities’ victims are laptops or desktops mostly.

Darktrace didn’t have the complete data of the mining malware. But Palmer says, “felt like it was a daily occurrence.” In that case, the company perceived 24 such cases in last six months across 24,000 monitoring sites. He says, “It has really dropped off.”

 

Palmer’s Experience

Although, mature cyber criminals steal computing power for mining in that days. It was common among the employees calmly mining from corporate laptops. Palmer says, “We’ve seen normal employees running these services on their workstations overnight.” Accordingly, “No surprise; people do all sorts of things like peer-to-peer file sharing and hosting Tor nodes [infrastructure for the anonymized network that’s part of the dark web], so I bet there is a load of coin mining stories all over the place.”

In addition, Few employees took their digital currency passion a step too far. Darktrace has found the same server covered by company’s staff in data center mining bitcoin non-stop. The severs advantage from superior cooling systems and consistent power supply at data center. Palmer says, “We found employees had procured some servers, [and] had hidden them under the data center false flooring.” And, “They were ‘off-the-record’ servers that no one recognized, mining coins 24/7.”

Those days of secret Bitcoin mining is now over. In addition, too much computing power is needed to mine bitcoin. Now, thousands of the servers are stored in huge warehouses. In addition, processing power increased by 770-fold since 2014, leaving the little chance for cyber criminals. Palmer says, “I think we have seen the last of successful coin mining.”

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Bitcoin Cash Down By 42% In Single Day – Will It Recover?

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Out of 10 biggest cryptos, Bitcoin Cash took the biggest hit on Friday as its value dropped by ~42% in one day.

Over the previous week, the South Korean crypto market‘s Bitcoin Cash frenzy and the reconciliation of BCH on the CoinBase and its digital currency exchange GDAX prompted a meteoric boost in the value of Bitcoin Cash.

Within seven days, the cost of Bitcoin Cash surged from $1,760 to $4,300, increasing by more than 144 percent.

As allegations against Coinbase’s potential insider exchanging of Bitcoin Cash rose, the cost of Bitcoin Cash encountered a minor revision, from $3,500 to $3,300. Still, a couple of hours later, the cost of Bitcoin Cash crested at $4,300, because of the rising interest for the crypto in South Korea.

For a concise timeframe, CoinBase and GDAX suspended Bitcoin Cash exchanging given its unforeseen unpredictability and suspicious value development of BCH before the coordination of Bitcoin Cash by CoinBase and GDAX. CoinBase CEO Brian Armstrong composed:

“I take the confidentiality of non-public data very seriously as CEO. Given the cost increment in the hours driving up the announcement, we will lead an investigation regarding this issue. If we discover confirmation of any worker or contractual worker damaging our arrangements — directly or indirectly — I won’t falter to fire the person quickly and make a legal move.”

So, Is BCH Going To Recover?

The latest slump in the cost of BCH isn’t just specific to BCH. Each and every digital currency in the market, from the biggest to top 100 have fallen in value. Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, Ripple, Monero, and IOTA have recorded more than 30 percent slump in cost in the course of recent hours.

Thus, the cost of Bitcoin Cash will probably recoup if the crypto market can recuperate quickly. Throughout 2017, the whole digital money market had not encountered a hit of this size in which each cryptocurrency in the market was influenced.

However, experts have noticed that the current cost adjustment of crypto money was essential, given the exponential increment in value and market valuation of cryptographic money since January 1.

Story Credit: ccn.com

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RUSSIA TAKES A U-TURN- LEGALIZES BITCOIN

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Back in 2016, Russian institutions had announced that anyone seen trading cryptocurrencies would be jailed. However, a year after, the government declared that Russia will legalize the use of cryptocurrencies.

So Why The Change After a Year?

The reasons lie behind the serious issues Russia’s been attempting to discuss for a while now. Their economy is falling apart since 2014, with their banking sector being affected the most.

The Russian Central Bank has been stressing more anti-corruption campaigns, to address banks that use money-laundering methods to remove capital from the country. With around 100 banks being shut down in the last three years, things aren’t looking so bright for Russia. As told by the Central Bank head, Elvira Nabiullina, the campaign will be continuing for at least 2 more years.

Liquidity Crisis:

The cost of closing down a bank isn’t cheap; this process has cost the Deposit Insurance Agency (DIA), around $50 billion. Along with this, the Central Bank is trying to dodge the liquidity concerns that arise with closing banks. Increased cash shortages are causing social unrest among the regions of Russia.

Corruption is another issue the Russian central authorities are working to reduce. The banks that were shut down were all involved in lending money to companies that carried out no real business activities, giving fake loans to individuals and money laundering.  Unfortunately, their owners are the first to flee when investigators begin to take matters into their hands.

Eliminating Fraud:

Shutting down banks is not enough to eliminate the occurrences of fraud and its impact on their economy. Instead, they must find a solution to stop it from happening in the first place.

To begin with, they can implement new technological applications that allow the government to observe people involved in the system. They’re approaching it enthusiastically due to its complete concealment from the government and unlike traditional currencies, Bitcoins are mined.

One is able to purchase Bitcoins with paper money on any bitcoin exchange portal or banks. These bitcoins can be used to purchase all sorts of goods and services, provided it’s allowed in that country.

Although, governments’ fear the anonymity that comes with cryptocurrencies, as it could help in money laundering. It’s a good news to them that the blockchain system is very transparent and allows tracking of user transactions.

Blockchain:

A blockchain is a distributed public ledger that keeps track of all bitcoin transactions taking place, basically keeping a record of everything.

The three main characters:

  • It consists of no central database or server that can be hacked.
  • Easily accessible by the network members who can view the transactions in real time.
  • It is completely encrypted.

This is another reason why the Russian authorities want to implement this technology to their financial systems. The benefits that come with using blockchain technology include faster processing speed, lower fees, and most importantly increased security. These features have attracted the Russians and they’re now working their way into the digital world.

We’re not aware if the Russians are planning on digitizing their banking sector completely, however they do have plans to adapt to the existing blockchain technology so that they develop a better understanding of the digital world; until banks can develop their own systems.

For now, their aim is to decrease the amount of fraud and corruption circulating throughout the financial sector. By doing this, they would be able to bring down government costs and get back on track.

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The theory behind a Bitcoin transaction

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Everyone on the network is aware of the word “transaction” but, does anyone ever wonder how bitcoin works?

A Bitcoin transaction may sound simple but it’s actually very complex. In this article, we’ll be outlining how this process takes place and what are its key steps.

Both your Bitcoin wallet address and Bitcoin network must go through series of steps to ensure that the right amount reaches the recipient.

To begin with, it’s important to understand that a bitcoin isn’t a single record of a coin but it’s actually registered as a transaction, that consists of three parts- a transaction input, transaction output and an amount.

  • Transaction input- This is the bitcoin address from which the money is sent.
  • Transaction output- The bitcoin address to which the money is sent.
  • Amount- The amount of bitcoins sent.

theory behind a Bitcoin transaction

When someone sends bitcoins to you, the address they used to send them to you is registered as the transaction input on the bitcoin blockchain, and your address as the transaction input.

When you send those bitcoins onto someone else, your wallet creates a transaction output which is the address of the person who is receiving the coins. That transaction is then registered on the bitcoin network as the transaction input.

With the help of this system, people can trace transactions back to when bitcoin was first born. This creates a completely transparent system in which all the transactions can be viewed at any time.

How can you send bitcoins?

To send bitcoins, you require two things- a bitcoin address and a private key.

A bitcoin wallet address is generated at random and is simply a sequence of letters and numbers.

A private key is another sequence of numbers and letters, but this cannot be disclosed to anyone else.

theory behind a Bitcoin transaction

This infographic explains how bitcoins can be sent.

Are there transaction fees?

Certain bitcoin wallet address allow you to set your own transaction fees. Any portion of a transaction that isn’t traced or picked up by the recipient is the transaction fees. This goes to the miners to solve the transaction block as an extra reward.

Why should I wait for my transaction to clear?

Your transactions are verified by miners and there is a set block time of 10 minutes. So, you might be told to wait until they are done mining.

You can view all the transactions in a block chain with a hex editor. A block chain browser is a site where every transaction in the blockchain can be viewed in human readable terms.  If you want to make your activities on the bitcoin network more opaque, you’d have to not use the same bitcoin address repeatedly and avoid sending large amounts of bitcoins to a single bitcoin address.

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