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You can find lots of advertisements and links related to ICO startup companies, but do you know what ICO really is? If you don’t, we’re here to help you out. In this blog, we are going to enlighten you about what ICO means, what it involves, and how you can avoid Initial Coin Offering scams.

initial coin offering

What is ICO?

ICO stands for “Initial Coin Offering.” ICO wasn’t known to many people until cryptocurrencies we created and became a trend. The word “ICO” is borrowed from IPO (Initial Public Offering). Now, you must be wondering, what’s IPO? IPO is the event in which a company goes public in the finance world. But, what happens when a company goes public? Well, it means that the company is going to launch stock options publicly, for each and every one out there to purchase its share, with this hope that these purchased-shares would have more worth one day. You can also say that an IPO is one of the possible exoduses of a venture-capital-investment.

 

What Makes It Different?

An ICO is usually used as a crowdfunding project by cryptocurrency startup ventures to fund a startup company. Funds are provided through well-recognized cryptocurrencies like; Bitcoin or Ethereum or in the form of traditional currency and in exchange, they are given a quantity of the cryptocurrency, which they’re funding with, which means, in the form of “tokens!” After the ICO project gets successfully completed, tokens are exchanged into the functional units of a cryptocurrency that is newly created.

 

No Regulations

Many companies find ICOs attractive since they are not under any regulations, and the startup ventures can collect funding without any exertion and cost for the regulatory acquiescence. On the other side, risks for investors also get increased as countries like South Korea and China have banned the ICOs.

 

For ICO crowdfunding ventures, the marketing heavily depends on social media platforms which also include paid-ads. Similarly, there are many ICO ads now, which are being shown on different websites. The social media giant, Facebook has already banned ICO-related advertisements; however, from June 2018, Google is also going to put a ban on advertisements related to ICO.

 

Is ICO a Scam?

No, ICOs are not always a scam. However, the way they work is the main thing that allows scammers to gain a lot of money from those investors who believed in the startup. Just because of this, few top-investors recommend “real businesses” to avoid these ICOs and continue their business in the same way they were doing before. The year, 2017 has shown that almost 46% of all-known ICO ventures have been proven to be unsuccessful and after the payments were made, the websites, as well as social media profiles were left abandoned or were quickly vanished.

Well, all of this data shows that all ICOs aren’t always a scam, however, like other crowdfunding ventures, especially investing in general, you have to very careful where you invest. While assessing Initial Coin Offering scams, make sure to do your research about the individuals behind it. A robust ICO will offer potential investors every single detail about the developers, security experts, advisors, and others linked with the project. A legitimate ICO will offer a variety of places and social media links where investors can communicate with developers. They’ll also provide their Facebook page of the project so that you could assess its engagement levels.

How to Avoid ICO Scams

If we look at the recent lists of Initial Coin Offering campaigns, it’s quite hard to come up with a reasonable filter, and there’s no doubt that experienced investors wouldn’t consider how sceptical it is, but as with any investment, nothing can be predicted related to ICO or about its certainty. Even in some cases, basic managerial accounting data isn’t available; however, many ICO trackers still try to combine lists of seemingly pertinent parameters.

Initial Coin Offering scams show that fraudsters are going to extraordinary-extents to scam gullible investors. Also, when it comes to taking decisions related to investment, it focuses on the needs of investors. According to the founder of Skill Incubator, Chris Dunn, the cryptocurrency community must have to become extra incisive towards new ICOs; otherwise, governments around the world are expected to take stricter stances into cryptocurrencies at a whole new level.

Also, an ICO whitepaper is the initial document for the project, which describes the aim, background, strategy, and concerns for the implementation of all blockchain-related projects. Whitepapers can be extremely skimpy like; companies that have an ostentatious website may unveil that they lack a basic-sound concept. Then again, a company with a website that contains spelling errors might have a whitepaper that shows a rigid concept and a prudently created implementation strategy.

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To Increase Wages, Product, and Solutions Venezuelan Going to Use Petro System

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Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro has actually revealed that the nationwide oil-backed cryptocurrency, the Petro, will be utilized as a system of accountability within the nation, news outlet ABC International reported August 14. The state oil business PDVSA going to utilize the Petro as a system of accountability, Nicolás Maduro apparently revealed in a tv address. Furthermore, the federal government will present a brand-new wage system and a prices system for items and services that are anchored to the Petro. ABC prices estimate Maduro:
Petro Cryptocurrency

“Since next Monday, Venezuela will have a 2nd accounting system based upon the rate, the worth of the Petro. It will be a 2nd accounting system of the Republic and will start operations as an obligatory accounting system of our PDVSA oil market.”

Mudaro’s Remarks

According to Maduro, the application of a brand-new Petro-based wage and rates system “will imply a significant enhancement in the earnings of the employees” and will assist “the optimum list price to come back.”

Beginning August 20, Venezuela will have 2 federal government currencies, the Petro and sovereign bolivar, the latter which will be indexed to the previous. The sovereign bolivar will take five absolutely nos far from the present nationwide currency, the bolivar fuerte, in an ultimate financial reconversion. The Reserve Bank (BCV) will apparently “start to release the main figures of the worth of the sovereign bolivar inning accordance with the Petro and the worth of the petrol inning accordance with worldwide currencies.” Maduro likewise stated that the BCV and personal banks in the nation have actually currently gotten the brand-new banknotes.

Petro’s Sale

The Venezuelan federal government introduced the pre-sale of the Petro in February, with 82.4 countless the world’s very first nationwide oil-backed cryptocurrency readily available at that time. The nation presented the currency in an effort to draw in foreign financiers and skirt U.S. and E.U. sanctions, along with conquered devastating devaluation which is forecasted to strike 1,000,000 percent in 2018.

Inning accordance with the Petro whitepaper, the cryptocurrency completely abides by Venezuelan legislation, though the opposition in the National Assembly openly declared that releasing Petro was prohibited. While some parts of the file absence great information and others are not backed by any adequate arguments, there are some clear financial usage cases. Paying taxes and other settlements with state bodies would be at least 10 percent less expensive with the Petro, which is prepared to be broadened into other payment markets in the future.

Whitepaper’s Statement about Petro

The whitepaper states that the Petro can be quickly converted into U.S. dollars and other currencies, which will assist Venezuela in export trade. Still, there’s a possibility that it could be acquired with funds that were gotten unlawfully at crypto exchanges or independently, then exchanged to oil that can be ‘washed’ and recorded to become offered through above-board company practices in numerous jurisdictions.

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Bitcoin taxes- another terrifying story

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Currency comes with three faces mainly.

  • A unit of account
  • Store of wealth
  • Means of exchange

Cryptocurrencies around seem to serve the second part only. So, talking about the taxation of these currencies means taxing changes in realized wealth, that is your income tax.

cryptocurrency user

As with more growing acceptability and increasing comfortableness with risks among the regulators, the crypto world is coming out stronger. But IRS has its eye on the crypto investment.

In 2014, IRS issued a legal statement stating that virtual currency will be treated as the capital asset if convertible into cash. Same rules of capital assets loss and gain apply to these digital currencies. Despite these implications, there are very fewer guidelines provided by the authority.

The gaining acceptance of these blockchain-based currencies has attracted many with tales of massive fortunes. Being decentralized and unregulated, these currencies show a great deal of volatility. The currency needs to hold its volatility in order to replace the fiat currency in long terms.

Basics

Running on the system of Blockchains which are decentralized and constantly updated. Despite the extremely complex mechanism, these blockchains are easily verified and are highly encrypted. Due to these features, blockchain has backed many cryptocurrencies including Bitcoin.

A few popular cryptocurrencies include,

  • Bitcoin
  • Ethereum
  • Ripple
  • Litecoin
  • Monero
  • Dogecoin
  • Dash
  • Tether

All the crypto coins other than Bitcoin are known as altcoins. Perks of being the pioneer, right?

Due to lesser global uniformity and lack of consistency coming with the nature of digital currency, there is a lot of challenges and understanding surrounding the tax regulations of this system. Some basic tax trends to be kept in mind are,

Different rules, different countries

The same basis as traditional businesses rules applies here. As there are different rules for different countries around the world, similarly different tax rules apply to digital currencies taxation around the globe.

If you wish to purchase services or goods using your digital currency, the cryptocurrency used will be written an asset or property. the gain over the currency will be accounted as income subject to tax- for the purchaser. The total value of the transaction is recognized as transaction tax. The seller is bound to collect and remit this value.

Countries like the U.S impose their own set of rules and regulations over tax rates and other categories of goods and services.

From small entrepreneur business planning to global, it can be a great amount of confusion and mayhem for them. In a number of countries, these tax systems are in multiple layers, including taxation for think city, federal and state altogether.

The task is not only to determine the tax payables, the real task will be to figure out the jurisdictions it falls into.

Taxman digitalized

Being a digital currency, the most undertaking is done by the digital goods here. The regulations are being monitored and are coming in shape by the EU and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Taxing majorly base on where the consumer rides. The collection will happen via holding platforms. The tax will be collected and remitted on merchant’s behalf or the tax holder on payments sent to offshore clients.

The anonymity of this crypto nature can be of a great challenge here. There will be minimal information available regarding the receiver or the sender of the transaction.

The government is also working on simplifying this issue. They have introduced guidelines under the title, know-your-client (KYC). Records will be requested through these plans and unwilling or any party unable to disclose their credentials may dwindle.

A global default rule regarding crypto-based businesses may be introduced, accumulating same jurisdictions and rules applied to all.

Tax implied

The tax will be implied specifically in these areas.

  • Trading- it produces capital gain or loses, it has to offset gains and reduce tax.
  • Exchange- exchanging one crypto coin with another creates a taxable event. The token is sold so generates loss or profit.
  • Payment received in Crypto- receivables in exchange for goods or services will be treated as ordinary income.
  • Spending cryptocurrency may gain price during the holding period, subject to capital gain.
  • Conversion to fiat currency
  • Air Drops- income becomes the basis of the coin when sold or exchanged there will be a capital gain.
  • Mining coins

•    Initial coin offerings

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Why Bitcoin Terrifies Big Banks | Interview with Andreas Antonopoulos

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ICO Market is Skyrocketing! How Are Regulators Going to Handle It?

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Nowadays, ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings) are among the most contentious fundraising techniques. Though, based on market figures, it looks like there’s no halt in raising money with ICOs anytime soon.

ICO Market Analysis

The very first successful ICO event took place in 2014 by Ethereum. However, the year 2017 saw some of the biggest ICOs, such as Filecoin and Hdac, that raised more than $250 million only with their token sales. But the trend seemed to slow down by the end of the year, with a huge number of failed ICOs.

According to a report, out of 169 projects, only 69 managed to raise money through token sales, effectively. As the trend started to fade away, it grabbed the attention of protruding figures of the blockchain sector.

ICO market

Trends

By the end of 2017, the failure of ICO trends rebounded with force and achieved a whole new level in the starting of 2018. More than $1 billion worth token sales were registered back in December. However, in a mere three months of 2018, the blockchain firms raised more than $5 billion by selling tokens.

The number of ICOs are skyrocketing. Plus, 50 ICOs are now being registered every month, whereas in 2017, not a single month saw ICOs more than 26, except the month of December.

 

Scams

People with dubious business models saw a huge opportunity in the unregulated ICOs market. Major projects such as Bitconnect, was shut down after it reached a $2.5 billion market cap. Furthermore, the intense funds on digital platforms turn out to be an easy target for hackers and according to a report, 450 ICO projects were attacked in 2017.

Problems Faced by Regulators

ICOs are gaining huge popularity and have become a huge concern for regulatory authorities around the world for two main reasons:

  • The vulnerability of the investors.
  • The cash-flow to an unregulated sector.

Though, the complex decentralized architecture of the blockchain has made it quite hard to execute any regulations on the wild-market, the largest ICO market, US, has recently become the centre of the regulatory discussion on cryptocurrencies and ICOs. Deprived of any real plan, numerous US agencies, like SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) and the CFTC (Commodity Futures Trading Commission) are trying their best to explain the rules according to their own partial understanding.

Is there any solution?

Well, it’s quite clear that the ICO market is far-off from coming to a “full-stop.” Though, on the other hand, this also means that more projects are going to target investors. However, in an attempt to regulate the market, the SEC keeps on banning legit ICOs.

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