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It was in 2014 when Moscow’s Mayor, Sergei Sobyanin launched an innovative Active Citizen app. This app was actually an e-voting platform designed solely for the residents of Moscow to vote on municipal projects pertaining to non-political city decisions, e.g.; naming of subway stations, setting up speed limits, plotting of bus routes, replacing the building’s entrance door or even hiring a new management company etc.

The Active Citizen app was a huge success since its launch, more than 2,800 polls were being administered and over 2 million users participated via the app. But according to some critics this app grew vulnerable to manipulation with the passage of time.

That’s why, Moscow officials announced that they have piloted the Active Citizen onto the blockchain technology in order to minimize the vulnerability issue.

Usually, the term of blockchain is referred to the cryptocurrency transactions. It is a sort of a digitalized and decentralized online database pertaining to public ledger of crypto transactions and interactions. Though specific for tracking secure financial transactions of cryptocurrency, it will now also be used in the e-voting platform of Moscow.

blockchain based e voting

What makes it a safest choice?

Russia’s National Settlement Depository (NSD) has successfully tested this blockchain based e-proxy voting system. This voting system is comprised of the following steps:

  • In the first step a Bondholder will pass vote to a nominal bondholder (NB)
  • The Nominal bondholder will in turn submit that vote to the blockchain
  • The designated Counting commission will count the votes and submit their results to the blockchain
  • Bondholder can latter verify whether the votes were counted correctly or not.

Hence it can be easily concluded that the process of blockchain based e-voting will resemble the secure crypto transactions to a great extent. Once the vote will be placed, it will be listed in a ledger consisting all the votes taken place across a node-to-node fully secure network. So, there will be no chance of data loss, fraud or third-party alteration once the vote has been casted.

In other words, blockchain is becoming a hallmark of digital accountability and security. It comprises of such a complicated mechanism of digitized security that it is almost impossible for the general public to ‘’hack’’ it in their traditional way.

According to some experts the use of blockchain technology will improve the transparency of e-voting system in Moscow and it should also be tried in the general elections as well.

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Bitcoin could reach $5 trillion

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28 June 2017, well-known investor Michael Novogratz states that 10% of his money is in bitcoin and Ether platform. His prediction about the digital currencies value is up to $5 trillion in five years. It is depending on the adoption stamina of an industry.

Now, we are at the departure position because Nasdaq got $5.4 trillion in 1999 and poured it into space. pay your taxes on your own because nobody pays such taxes in that space. This system is establishing because of the revolutionary

Spirit.

Meanwhile, companies get furious to obtain this value. For that purpose, companies need to develop their business and start working on new project which has the ability to satisfy the regulators. But, at this time bitcoin is not in the position to correct street by the black market as well as hackers.

A few days ago, digital currency took reputational collapse because of the cyber-attack.

With 140% gained during a year, Bitcoin is the prime cryptocurrency with $2547 trading value. Whereas, ether’s value is $240 this year.

Accordingly, market cap data, ether’s market cap is $28,589,831,650 while bitcoin reaches to $41,973,033,307.

Novogratz enjoying the profit gained from these digital currencies. He wants to invest more than 10% of his money in the digital platform.

Goodluck!

 

 

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How Does Bitcoin Work?

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What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is a digital currency and this world-wide payment system has been all over the news for several years now. Bitcoin was basically created as a reward for a process called mining and it can be exchanged for products and other currencies. Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency but in 2009, it appeared for the first time from a developer named, Satoshi Nakamoto and all cryptocurrencies that were created after Bitcoin are called Altcoins.

Just because Bitcoin is completely digital and doesn’t really match to any of the existing fiat currency, it’s not really easy for a newcomer to understand what it is actually about. So, let’s find out how does Bitcoin work and what is it exactly about!

How does it Work?

As we already know that it is a digital currency, to understand how does Bitcoin work is going to be a little complex. Bitcoin is not a physical element like coins, the verification and value of each Bitcoin is provided by a global peer-to-peer network.

Bitcoin is conducted on a public ledger known as blockchain and because it’s transferred digitally, it automatically means that it exits only online. It has a monetary value just like gold and is also decentralized. You don’t need a bank to use it, because it’s not managed by a single person but rather a group of people called miners, who process its transactions

how does bitcoin work

Blockchain:

It’s miner’s responsibility to ensure that bitcoin transactions that are made by the users are legit and after that, all confirmed transactions are added to the blockchain.  In this way, spendable balance can be calculated and new transactions can be verified. The veracity and the sequential order of the blockchain are obligated with cryptography.

Transactions:

You must’ve been confused about what exactly transaction is. It is basically a transfer of value between Bitcoin wallets that is also included in the blockchain. Bitcoin wallet stores the information that is essential for the transaction of bitcoins. It also has a private key which keeps a secret data and is used to sign transactions. It also provides a mathematical proof that they’ve actually come from the owner’s wallet. A plus point about “signature” is that it prevents the transaction from being changed by anyone else after it’s been issued. Each transaction is broadcasted between its users and it often gets confirmed by the network within the following 10 minutes, through a process known as mining.

Mining:

Mining is a process in which records are kept through the use of computer processing power. It is a distributed consensus system that confirms the waiting transactions by adding them in the block chain. It protects the impartiality of the network, imposes a sequential disorder in the block chain and allows multiple computers to settle on the system’s state.

To get these transactions confirmed, they must have to be packed in a block that fits quite strict cryptographic rules that are going to be verified by the network. These rules also help in preventing previous blocks from being altered because by doing that, it would overturn all the subsequent blocks.

Mining can also make the equal of a competitive lottery that averts individuals from adding new blocks easily in the block chain and in this way, no individual can regulate what’s added in the block chain or swap parts of the blockchain to get back their own spends.

If you want to get involved in the top-cryptocurrency, make sure to do your research on how does bitcoin work. It can be a profitable and a thrilling investment, but just like other investments, it’s always better to look out for safety.

Image Credit : Steemit

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Bitcoin technology is going to save environment

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Bitcoin technology is going to save environment

If you know about the bitcoin. which means, you clearly know about this technology. People use digital currency in the sale or purchase of any commodity or in term of service. Actually, this technology chain is wide and control by the computers forming blockchain.

Now, blockchain is also going to help in saving the environment difficulties. An ecologist at the university of the Agriculture sciences in Riddarhyttan is confident that this growing technology will also help to save the environment.  Science and he have a discussion about the future of the money, government trends and trust of the public as well.

The blockchain is a procedure to maintain the immutable ledger of the transactions. Which decentralization the supercomputers. Accordingly, because of the lack of trust, the environmental problems emerge. Whereas, environmental crisis grows in a fruitful ground. Which is directly the multiplication of intermediaries. For example, if you buy a ring from the supermarket. Here, you just buy a ring, not even know where it comes from. The supply chain of this ring is very long. It is possible that even retailer has not enough information, where the ring came from.

In the same way, the blockchain base supply chain would mean that you buy a ring by scanning QR from your mobile phone. Where you are able to see each step and positive thing is it cannot be falsified.

How blockchain help the environment?   

Blockchain has the ability to change the nature of the ownership. Moreover, in most of the developing countries land rights are not properly distributed as they are in documents. Where the government or a reputed company can easily claim, a land owned by a local community. Whereas, if we put the registry of the same land to the blockchain, which will be immutable. In addition, the real owner of the land will have complete freedom to do whatever with a land.

Blockchain has directly created an influence in policy making. While voting by the blockchain is the secure and organized way to the elections. Now, if you are going to manage an election regarding how to control natural resource. Whether it is a fishery or a forest. You need planning, instruments, ballot boxes and most important thing is to prepare the public to cast vote on the election day.  On the other hand, if you do this procedure of voting through blockchain technology. you’ll free cast a vote from your smartphone with your cryptography identity and strong security.

Furthermore, this technology helps by changing incentives. A blockchain guarantee that an event will happen. That sounds weird, but you enter into a contract with the blockchain. You are free to enter business logics as computer code. Next, when condition met the contract will be executed automatically.

Above all discussion is about how blockchain will help in environmental issues. We need more planning to change living, these are few of them.

Good luck!     

 

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The Biggest Misconceptions About Bitcoin and How Experts Are Trying to Debunk Them

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