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As you already know that bitcoin is purely digital, so there’s no physical digging in it. And in a world of virtual currency, such creation is known as mining. However, the computer power needs a lot of electricity to create digital tokens.

According to Alex de Vries (an economist who tracks energy use in the industry), each digital token consumes energy, equivalent to an average American household burns in two years.

If we talk about the total number of computers that are plugged into bitcoin network, then the energy consumed by the network is equivalent to the energy of a medium-size country. The network that supports the second most valuable virtual currency, Ethereum, also consumes energy in a hefty amount.

Bitcoin and Ethereum are consuming so much energy that now it has become a part of a debate among some people. Since the energy consumption of these systems has risen, the prices of these virtual currencies have also gotten very high.

Vitalik Buterin (the creator of Ethereum), is trying to find out ways so the tokens can be created without requiring that much energy. He said that he’d feel unhappy if his main contribution to the world was adding Cyprus’s worth of electricity consumption to the global warming.

According to Peter Van Valkenburgh (director of research at Coin Centre), such electricity usage is really important. This argument has its essentials in the complex systems that create tokens like Bitcoin and Ether, the currency on the Ethereum network, and other new virtual currencies.

The enticement of new bitcoins is encouraging people to use fast computers and lots of electricity in order to find the right answer and to unlock new bitcoins that are distributed every 10 minutes. The process was well-defined by the original Bitcoin software, which was released in 2009.

Bitcoin Mining Energy Consumption

At this time, the 12.5 bitcoins that are being distributed every 10 minutes are worth about $145,000 and people are willing to invest in it, which shows why there are huge server farms around the world that are devoted to bitcoin mining.

This process is essential for Bitcoin’s existence, as all the computers are serving as accountants for the Bitcoin network. No one can fudge the records and dominate the accounting as the mining race is meant to be really hard. According to Satoshi Nakamoto (the creator of virtual currency), the system was designed to thwart greedy attackers who might try to change the records.

Because of mining and accounting rules, the attackers have been kept away and the network is still safely going on. However, there’s been a disagreement over the original value of bitcoin and the network that supports it.

Marc Bevand (a miner and analyst) wrote in his blog that “labelling bitcoin mining as a waste is a failure to look at the bigger picture”. Although some people who are interested in all that innovation are anxious about the massive use of electricity. The concern about the use of electricity has become a subject of debate among many, however, other virtual currencies like Stellar and Ripple that were created after the Bitcoin don’t require much electricity.

The new mining process has been proposed by Mr Buterin for Ethereum. This process has been already used by some other smaller cryptocurrencies. New coins are distributed to only those people who are able to prove their ownership of existing coins. The current method totally relies on computational power and it just needs lots of computers which can play an important part in the computational race.

According to Mr Van Valkenburgh from the Coin Centre, if you want strong security at the moment, then you need proof of work.

Photo Credit : Mashable

 

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A Greater Russian Bond- Sberbank & MIT

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One of the biggest arms in Russian investment disc and the largest bank in the corporate and investment banking business of Russia, Sberbank CIB implemented the first of its kind blockchain based commercial bond transaction in the country. Joining hands with Russia’s telecoms expert MTS and the National Settlement Depository (NSD) smart contracts have been placed using commercial Rouble-denominated bonds.

blockchain bond

The Bond Deal

Sberbank CIB was the main organizer of the event. Sberbank was the main buyer of the issue of MTS bonds. Bonds have the maturity term of 6-months and the total sum of RUB 750 million. The annual rate of the bond in the OTC market stays at 6.8%.

The blockchain bonds technology was completely provided and supported by NSD. A full Delivery versus Payment (DVP) settlement model was based on blockchain bonds. This enabled a laidback transfer of securities and funds simultaneously. It is based on Hyperledger Fabric 1.1 to carry out the transactions.

Commercial bonds are placed on an over-the-counter (OTC) market through the private subscription. These commercial bonds are unsecured fixed-income securities.

The system implemented is highly transparent, including bond placement, circulation and record keeping. The system only operates using digitalized assets making it extremely secure and sheltered.

All the three entities had access to the transaction into the blockchain platform. Including the issuer, the central depository, and the investor. Considering all the obligations and necessities of the Russian legislation in dealing with all the accounts was made necessary. Confidentiality was kept foremost priority in dealings throughout.

All the participants could transfer and exchange the documents online and check the subsequent transaction’s status in the actual time it occurred. The full execution of the deal was able to be seen, from the placement of the bonds to the receiving of the cash.

This collaboration between the MTS and the Sberbank CIB is the first of its nature which enabled blockchains and blockchain bonds to gain the status of an industrial technology which accelerated securities settlement and certified confidentiality.

The initiators claim that the main aim is to an exemplary digital asset accounting infrastructure joining hands with market leaders. Infrastructure plays a crucial role for institutional investors to enter the market and for the increase in market’s capitalism and market’s successful development. The infrastructure plays an essential role in the flourished market growth.

Future Plans

Sberbank has already shown interests in blockchain projects previously. Last year the executive member of the company announced that the bank is in process cooperating with the Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS) on a project which is on a distributed ledger technology (DLT).

The delay in the project is mainly because of some unsolved and pending matters including some slow interaction of blockchain applicants. The Sberbank CIB has though forecasted great hopes and high expectations from the initiative. He also declared involvement of the bank in further other blockchain based projects.

Sberbank has also announced its blockchain laboratory which will develop blockchain based solutions. It will carry out pilot projects, product prototypes and implement applied business solutions for Sberbank CIB.

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What Are Onion Sites And How To Access Them?

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Onion are the sites only reachable via Tor browser. These sites are often referred as darknet sites and can’t be accessed using mainstream search engines such Google, Bing, Yahoo, etc.

How To Access .Onion Sites?

Accessing these sites is very simple and straightforward. All you need is to have Tor browser installed on your device and follow a few simple steps to unlock the world of these secret websites.
For those of you who are not familiar with the process of accessing these sites, we have created a simple tutorial to provide help on the subject so they can access the deep web.

Step 1:

Download Tor browser from the official website which is: https://www.torproject.org/download/download.html.en
Make sure the website you make the download from looks like this:

Step 2:

Once downloaded, begin the installation:

Related: How to use Tor browser on iPhone?

Step 3:

Start the Tor browser, it will connect to the network (if it asks for confirmation, click ok):

Related: What Are Top 5 Proxies To Access .Onion Sites Without Tor Browser?

Step 4:

After the browser starts, you will see a confirmation screen indicating that browser is running and everything is ok, the screen will look like this:

Step 5:

Once you see the above screen, you are all set to go. Now the only thing you need to access an onion site is entering .onion URL into Tor’s address bar:

Related: A beginner’s guide to Tor Browser

Precautions:

• Use an updated version of Tor
• Make sure that JavaScript is disabled in the browser
• Use anonymous VPNs for enhanced privacy
Enjoy you deep web experience!

Image/content credits: deepdotweb.com

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? Bitcoin Trading – Trade Bitcoin for Beginner level | Bitcoin Volatility Index

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10 Things to Know about Bitcoin

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Anonymous- is it?

Unlike the myth and fallacy surrounding the concept, bitcoin is not really anonymous. Yes, you heard it right! Hackers and these cyber criminals can get into almost anything. Just not them, the government too. They can trace down almost anything that comes up on the internet cloud.

The data nodes collected on Bitcoin network can help determine the location where the data originated from.

Countries regarding Bitcoin

Due to its uninfluential and independent nature, a lot of government bodies are not in favor of this digital money. It is mainly because it is not in their control. They also see it as a threat to their monetary value. Countries like Japan and Australia see Bitcoin as any other currency. While countries that have unsteady monetary values like Jordan and Lebanon have official statement discouraging the use of the Bitcoin.

Limited Coins

The founder of the Bitcoin-only made a fixed amount of these Coins. There are exactly 21 million mines that are available. But they are not all circulated yet. Only 16 million are mined up till now and these are being circulated around. More and more coins are being mined every day by the miners though.

Monopoly, but not Only

Being the pioneer and the head start of the idea, Bitcoin enjoys more media coverage and attention than most of the other cryptocurrencies. But there are more cryptocurrencies actively operating too. Ether, DentaCoin, and Litecoin Cash are also taking place and recognition in the crypto market.

Bitcoin- more popular than you might know

‘The New Gold’ – That’s what the world sees Bitcoin today. The immense popularity and power this decentralized currency is emerging with have enforced governments to put their heads in the Bitcoin world. Superpowers like China and Japan have entered this Armageddon and are supporting and helping the mining of these coins.

Bitcoin By?

Satoshi Nakamoto, a pseudonym behind the whole idea was thought to be a Japanese. There are a number of theories surrounding the emergence of these coins, but there is not a final concluded verdict supporting the impression.

A lot of theories are evolving the name of NSA in the matter but none are openly talking about it. A higher speculation claims that an American computer scientist and cryptographer, Nick Szabo is the real inventor. The claims have been thoroughly denied.

It’s not just used on the black market

Its seen as a common practice that the criminals tend to use a new tech quicker and adapt it more often than the normal citizens. The greatest attraction for these black marketeers was that it had anonymity linked to it no matter where the transaction goes.

But these transactions are not only limited to such users only. Companies like Dell, Microsoft, REEDS Jewelers and Expedia, all accept Bitcoins as means of transaction.

The FBI- largest Bitcoin wallets

FBI accomplished to shut down a major black-market site a few years back. ‘Silk Road’ was one of the largest site operating a great deal of illegal and unlawful activities. The transactions on that site were carried by using Bitcoins. All the coins being circulated were indirectly acquired by the FBI.

FBI now holds around 1.5% of the total coins being circulated in the world. Considering the ownership of a limited number of people in the affair, it surely is quite a lot of share.

Bitcoin- where on your taxes?

The emergence of Bitcoins and other cryptocurrencies has already put governments and financial security agencies at the higher stake. According to Internal Revenue Services (IRS), the U.S government has started to acknowledge these coins as currencies. The IRS categorizes it as current assets like bonds and stocks. So, according to the statement, tax regulations apply to these, as to the other current assets. A tax payable due!

the most expensive pizza

the worlds most expensive pizza was purchased by Laszlo Hanyecz. But how expensive was it? It was more than $198 million! Yes, it was! How did it even happen? So, here is how:

the first legal purchase was done by this person, Laszlo Hanyecz, from Papa Jones. He was a computer programmer and coin holder. He ordered a pizza and decided to pay in Bitcoins. He paid 10,000 Bitcoins which were equivalent to $40 at that time. But today, it cost him in millions! Pretty expensive pizza, right?

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Bitcoin Market Cap Will Hit Trillions Over The Next Couple Of Years – Winklevoss Twins

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Tyler and Cameron Winklevoss, otherwise called the Winklevoss twins, expect the market valuation of bitcoin to surpass trillions of dollars in the upcoming years.

Main Story:

In an interview, Cameron Winklevoss clarified that the properties of bitcoin enable it to work as a premier store of significant worth that is in orders of magnitude greater than gold in various aspects, including divisibility, transportability, and monetary supply.

 

“We’ve generally felt that bitcoin, given its properties, is gold 2.0 — it upsets gold. Gold is scarce, bitcoin is really settled. Bitcoin is much more versatile and way more separable,” said Winklevoss.

 

He included that if bitcoin can keep on disrupting the $6 trillion gold market in the long haul, it will have the capacity to hit a trillion dollars in a moderately brief timeframe, given that the market valuation of bitcoin currently stays near $300 billion.

 

“Long-term, directionally, it is a multi-trillion-dollar resource — I don’t know how long will it take to get there,” said Winklevoss.

 

Bitcoin is quickly changing the global finance industry as a decentralized store of significant worth. If bitcoin market can maintain its development rate over the next couple of years, it will enter into the gold and offshore business industries. The joint market cap of gold and offshore business industry is up to almost $40 trillion.

 

Winklevoss noticed that fiat and different cryptographic forms of money are not the rivals of bitcoin. Instead, other safe haven resources and store of values, for example, gold are the genuine rivals of the digital currency. He explained:

 

“For the vast majority, it isn’t just the source of not paying taxes. It’s the target of getting the privilege to security and looking for financial secrecy,” said Marcovici.

 

Structurally and reasonably, bitcoin is an altogether better framework to store cash for people and institutional investors than offshore bank accounts, primarily because the legislatures can in any case crackdown on offshore ledgers. In 2016, the US government fined Swiss banks $1.3 billion, including more than 43,000 offshore ledgers holding $48 billion.

 

As a decentralized and distributed store of significant worth, governments can’t in any way, shape or form crackdown on bitcoin holders and records. Consequently, it furnishes speculators with security and budgetary privacy, which seaward ledgers were intended to give.

 

If bitcoin can represent even 10 percent of the worldwide offshore business industry, bitcoin’s market can surpass $3.2 trillion. In light of the settled supply of 21 million, a $3.2 trillion market cap esteems bitcoin at $152.380.

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