Before discussing the main issue, let’s discuss about the crypto financial derivatives and their role in digital payments. Crypto financial derivatives also known as bitcoin derivatives, are in fact security arrangements with a price that is dependent upon or derived from an underlying contract whereby differences in settlement are made in the form of digital cryptocurrencies.
Due to the insecurity involved in this whole process, the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) has toughened its requirements for CFDs in terms of cryptocurrencies. If you are investing in cryptocurrency, this update may affect your future investment plans.
Role of ESMA in Financial Decision
In fact ESMA is an independent authority which makes sure to improve investor protection and promote more stable financial markets. ESMA’s board of supervisors is solely responsible for all the policy decisions. The decisions and policies of ESMA have a direct impact upon the following areas and stakeholders:
- Financial service providers
- The financial services industry
- Retail and institutional investors and consumers
- Users of financial markets
- The economy of general public
- Regulators of securities markets
What are CFDs?
To be precise and to the point, CFDs are in fact arrangements made in the form of a futures contract, according to which differences arising in the settlement are compensated in the form of cash payments, rather than physical goods.
CFDs are usually assumed to be an easier way of settlement as compared to other contemporary methods. It is also preferred by majority of users because as all gains and losses are paid in cash form. The most interesting case in terms of CFDs is that without actually owning one, it gives its investors all the risks and benefits of a security.
Expected change in leverage limit
It is being expected that the leverage limit of CFDs will be changed to 2:1 at its opening by the EU regulator. According to this leverage limit, the investor must have enough funds to cover at least half of the contract value upon its opening. Previously, the leverage limit was 5:1, it allowed the investor deposit only 20 percent of the CFD’s at the time of deal.
The reason behind this sanction is only that ESMA recently highlighted in one of its statements that cryptocurrencies required a deeper monitoring due to the risks it posed in case of undergoing investment deals. ESMA is not alone to show concern in case of cryptocurrencies, even the the Austrian Finance Minister proposed to strictly regulate the cryptocurrency derivatives in order to prevent money laundering with it.
Due to its lack of protection EU regulators have also warned investors about the ultimate risks associated with cryptocurrencies.