Talking about the modern and its modernized developed ways, the hottest talk of the town has been bitcoin for quite some time now.
The cryptocurrency was developed by the pseudonym, Satoshi Nakamoto. This decentralized and decartelized digital currency is free from the regulatory control of security institutions and government controls. There are no third parties involved. The value is completely and solely set by the supply and demand of the market. The underlying algorithms generate mines, which are worked out to obtain Bitcoins as a reward. It is a digital alternative to paper money working on the peer-to-peer basis.
Buying things with Bitcoin
After the first introduction of Bitcoin to date, there has been a gradual and cautious increase in its acceptance and endurance. But the people are taking the currency with a bigger heart. By the passing time and its ability to prove itself, more and more commodities are coming at front accepting the Bitcoins. Included in these names are a few hi-fi names. These include Virgin Galactic, Lamborghini and not forgetting Mel B.
Bitcoin mining is an algorithmic computer-based process which verifies and secure the Bitcoin transaction. The Bitcoins are mined by solving complexed mathematical problems. The process is called mining as these Coins are to be extracted from the system for usage. A collective group of the transaction is called a blockchain. They are known as chains as they are secured and built on top of each other by the miners, forming a chain. These blockchains confirm the transaction in the whole network when it has taken place. When a miner solves the puzzles, they are rewarded with a small number of bitcoins. That’s how new coins are introduced in the system.
With its extremely volatile and unpredictable nature, Bitcoins prices go back and forth in monetary values. These values are decentralized and depend entirely on the users and coin holders. How they respond to these in a span of time will determine their value during that time. There has been an unpredictable rise of up to $1000 and dropping it down to $2 even.
Bitcoins and Bankruptcy
Following the term ‘speculate to accumulate’, there are numerous speculators supporting the cryptocurrency. This digital currency is equally very risky to handle when not dealt carefully and with precautions. In 2014, Mt. Gox had to face serious issues mishandling or possibly theft against these coins worth $450 million. They were forced to file for bankruptcy protection keeping in view the intensity and strength of the damage.
Banning the Bitcoins
With its ability to be decentralized, it has been a concern for the security and political institutions. Challenging their authority and regulations different countries are responding differently regarding its engagement. Being the first in line, Thailand completely banned the currency usage by July 2013. Later the ruling and practice were relaxed keeping in view the devoted interest and attention of the people. China and Japan comparatively have some what proved to be biggest supporters of the currency, followed by the U.S.
Know your Limits
The process of mining is through which coins are awarded and are being introduced in the system. But there is a restricted number of bitcoins to be available ever. There are only 21 million Bitcoins that may exist ever. The production rate by mining is 12.5 today. This production rate is halved every four years to regulate to ensure the sustainability of the value of every Coin. By around 2140, all of these Bitcoins are expected to be mined. Meanwhile, the miners will be awarded by transaction fees for their efforts. On an estimate, 64% of the total mined coins sit uncirculated with the holders, with the optimistic hopes of greater profits.
One of the most controversial organization, WikiLeaks has shown great dependence on these Bitcoins and other cryptocurrencies lately. Due to the unfavorable response from the other third parties, they started the usage of these secure decentralized futuristic form money for the donation.
SilkRoad was the very first of its kind platform for the black market. A number of illegal and unauthorized practices were done using Bitcoin. A lot of people were attracted to use this site heavily was due to its anonymity. When the founder Ross William, aka Dread Pirate Roberts was arrested, his estimated was so massive that not all of it was possibly be accounted for.
In 2009, after Satoshi Nakamoto launched Bitcoins, he passed the majority of its control to the scientist Gavin Andreson. According to the scientist, the perfect words he has for Bitcoins is, ‘Better Gold than Gold’. Nakamoto is expected to be in possession of around 1million Bitcoins which means $1.1 billion. The identity of this is still a pseudonym. Other theories suggest that together the companies Samsung, Toshiba, Nakamichi, and Motorola are the founders of this cryptocurrency. but none of the theories has been proven to date.