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Talking about the modern and its modernized developed ways, the hottest talk of the town has been bitcoin for quite some time now.

Bitcoin Basics

The cryptocurrency was developed by the pseudonym, Satoshi Nakamoto. This decentralized and decartelized digital currency is free from the regulatory control of security institutions and government controls. There are no third parties involved. The value is completely and solely set by the supply and demand of the market. The underlying algorithms generate mines, which are worked out to obtain Bitcoins as a reward. It is a digital alternative to paper money working on the peer-to-peer basis.

Buying things with Bitcoin

After the first introduction of Bitcoin to date, there has been a gradual and cautious increase in its acceptance and endurance. But the people are taking the currency with a bigger heart. By the passing time and its ability to prove itself, more and more commodities are coming at front accepting the Bitcoins. Included in these names are a few hi-fi names. These include Virgin Galactic, Lamborghini and not forgetting Mel B.

The Numbers

Bitcoin mining is an algorithmic computer-based process which verifies and secure the Bitcoin transaction. The Bitcoins are mined by solving complexed mathematical problems. The process is called mining as these Coins are to be extracted from the system for usage. A collective group of the transaction is called a blockchain. They are known as chains as they are secured and built on top of each other by the miners, forming a chain. These blockchains confirm the transaction in the whole network when it has taken place. When a miner solves the puzzles, they are rewarded with a small number of bitcoins. That’s how new coins are introduced in the system.

The Value

With its extremely volatile and unpredictable nature, Bitcoins prices go back and forth in monetary values. These values are decentralized and depend entirely on the users and coin holders. How they respond to these in a span of time will determine their value during that time. There has been an unpredictable rise of up to $1000 and dropping it down to $2 even.

Bitcoins and Bankruptcy

Following the term ‘speculate to accumulate’, there are numerous speculators supporting the cryptocurrency. This digital currency is equally very risky to handle when not dealt carefully and with precautions. In 2014, Mt. Gox had to face serious issues mishandling or possibly theft against these coins worth $450 million. They were forced to file for bankruptcy protection keeping in view the intensity and strength of the damage.

Banning the Bitcoins

With its ability to be decentralized, it has been a concern for the security and political institutions. Challenging their authority and regulations different countries are responding differently regarding its engagement. Being the first in line, Thailand completely banned the currency usage by July 2013. Later the ruling and practice were relaxed keeping in view the devoted interest and attention of the people. China and Japan comparatively have some what proved to be biggest supporters of the currency, followed by the U.S.

Know your Limits

The process of mining is through which coins are awarded and are being introduced in the system. But there is a restricted number of bitcoins to be available ever. There are only 21 million Bitcoins that may exist ever. The production rate by mining is 12.5 today. This production rate is halved every four years to regulate to ensure the sustainability of the value of every Coin. By around 2140, all of these Bitcoins are expected to be mined. Meanwhile, the miners will be awarded by transaction fees for their efforts. On an estimate, 64% of the total mined coins sit uncirculated with the holders, with the optimistic hopes of greater profits.

Wikileaks

One of the most controversial organization, WikiLeaks has shown great dependence on these Bitcoins and other cryptocurrencies lately. Due to the unfavorable response from the other third parties, they started the usage of these secure decentralized futuristic form money for the donation.

SilkRoad

SilkRoad was the very first of its kind platform for the black market. A number of illegal and unauthorized practices were done using Bitcoin. A lot of people were attracted to use this site heavily was due to its anonymity. When the founder Ross William, aka Dread Pirate Roberts was arrested, his estimated was so massive that not all of it was possibly be accounted for.

Bitcoin Beginnings

In 2009, after Satoshi Nakamoto launched Bitcoins, he passed the majority of its control to the scientist Gavin Andreson. According to the scientist, the perfect words he has for Bitcoins is, ‘Better Gold than Gold’. Nakamoto is expected to be in possession of around 1million Bitcoins which means $1.1 billion. The identity of this is still a pseudonym. Other theories suggest that together the companies Samsung, Toshiba, Nakamichi, and Motorola are the founders of this cryptocurrency. but none of the theories has been proven to date.

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RUSSIA TAKES A U-TURN- LEGALIZES BITCOIN

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Back in 2016, Russian institutions had announced that anyone seen trading cryptocurrencies would be jailed. However, a year after, the government declared that Russia will legalize the use of cryptocurrencies.

So Why The Change After a Year?

The reasons lie behind the serious issues Russia’s been attempting to discuss for a while now. Their economy is falling apart since 2014, with their banking sector being affected the most.

The Russian Central Bank has been stressing more anti-corruption campaigns, to address banks that use money-laundering methods to remove capital from the country. With around 100 banks being shut down in the last three years, things aren’t looking so bright for Russia. As told by the Central Bank head, Elvira Nabiullina, the campaign will be continuing for at least 2 more years.

Liquidity Crisis:

The cost of closing down a bank isn’t cheap; this process has cost the Deposit Insurance Agency (DIA), around $50 billion. Along with this, the Central Bank is trying to dodge the liquidity concerns that arise with closing banks. Increased cash shortages are causing social unrest among the regions of Russia.

Corruption is another issue the Russian central authorities are working to reduce. The banks that were shut down were all involved in lending money to companies that carried out no real business activities, giving fake loans to individuals and money laundering.  Unfortunately, their owners are the first to flee when investigators begin to take matters into their hands.

Eliminating Fraud:

Shutting down banks is not enough to eliminate the occurrences of fraud and its impact on their economy. Instead, they must find a solution to stop it from happening in the first place.

To begin with, they can implement new technological applications that allow the government to observe people involved in the system. They’re approaching it enthusiastically due to its complete concealment from the government and unlike traditional currencies, Bitcoins are mined.

One is able to purchase Bitcoins with paper money on any bitcoin exchange portal or banks. These bitcoins can be used to purchase all sorts of goods and services, provided it’s allowed in that country.

Although, governments’ fear the anonymity that comes with cryptocurrencies, as it could help in money laundering. It’s a good news to them that the blockchain system is very transparent and allows tracking of user transactions.

Blockchain:

A blockchain is a distributed public ledger that keeps track of all bitcoin transactions taking place, basically keeping a record of everything.

The three main characters:

  • It consists of no central database or server that can be hacked.
  • Easily accessible by the network members who can view the transactions in real time.
  • It is completely encrypted.

This is another reason why the Russian authorities want to implement this technology to their financial systems. The benefits that come with using blockchain technology include faster processing speed, lower fees, and most importantly increased security. These features have attracted the Russians and they’re now working their way into the digital world.

We’re not aware if the Russians are planning on digitizing their banking sector completely, however they do have plans to adapt to the existing blockchain technology so that they develop a better understanding of the digital world; until banks can develop their own systems.

For now, their aim is to decrease the amount of fraud and corruption circulating throughout the financial sector. By doing this, they would be able to bring down government costs and get back on track.

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ICO Alerts: Five ICOs Ceased by Massachusetts for Selling Unregistered Securities

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According to the new orders of Massachusetts, the state has halted five ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings) as it stated, that the firms behind them were selling unregistered securities.

Crypto ICO News

The officials of government found that they all of these companies defied the General Laws of the state, which describe securities as bonds, investment contracts and stocks, that assures a financial profit, as it’s clearly defined in the orders. This stoppage was a part of a bigger inquiry into token sales that are being conducted by the government of the state.

ICO world

Investigation Against Companies Selling Unregistered Securities

On Tuesday, after investigating each of the company, William Galvin (Massachusetts Secretary of State) has ordered 18moons, through platforms like Sparkco, Mattervest, and Pink Ribbon, to stop their ICO campaigns. Moreover, all of these companies are required to propose, in order to return funds to their investors within the period of 30 days. Additionally, the companies would have extra 45 days to return the funds.

According to the records, a list of all refunded investors who have paid back the company has to be provided by the startups as well. Despite the fact that the orders highlighted, that the campaigns will be permanently halted and won’t be allowed to sell unregistered or non-released securities within the Massachusetts state, still, all startups will have the ability to register its tokens as securities in the future.

On the other hand, companies that are under- investigation, according to the orders, these companies will be suspended until they completely follow the orders. Though, if any company fails to obey any of the terms in the Division’s Order, then a legal action will be taken by the Enforcement Section.

No Response from Companies

The companies haven’t commented or responded to any of the questions so far. The head of SEC, Jay Clayton wanted cryptocurrencies to be regulated just like regular securities, as there was a possibility that at least few of the state officials would settle on it. But still, the doubt exists that there are many bandwagoners in the ICO world who don’t comprehend very much about the financial regulation.

Such moves can solely do so much, especially when there aren’t plenty of guidelines surrounding ICOs, however, they can lead some of the companies to have a second thought before hastening.

The latest step of Massachusetts on the ICO front is represented by its advancement and progress. At the beginning of this year, a suit was filed by the state against an ICO director and his company, claiming that the token sale represents an unregistered security offering.

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Burger King Launches Own Cryptocurrency In Russia – WhopperCoin

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Burger King has taken the world by a storm as they launched their all new cryptocurrency “WhopperCoin” in Russia.

Reportedly, with each purchase of their signature Whopper sandwich, customers can now get WhopperCoin tokens through a digital wallet. The token is based upon the Waves blockchain.  It allows users to trade, transfer and issue tokens, on an integrated peer-to-peer exchange.

Customers can transfer and trade their coins online or simply use them to purchase food from BK. Although, the actual exchange rate for such transactions has not been revealed yet.

Just a year ago, Bitcoin users were threatened with being thrown in jail if they were ever caught using cryptocurrencies but that was soon to change. It is pleasing to know that the Russian Government has relaxed its grudge on cryptocurrencies.

The Burger King chain is set to launch an app for the digital tokens in both the Apple Store and Google Play in the coming future.

 

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chinese Stock Exchange Takes Action Against Blockchain-Related Company

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Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE) is one of the major stock exchanges of China. China is taking action against companies that are planning to start Blockchain research labs as on 21st March, a local media reported that SZSE has started an investigation against a company that has announced its plans to start a Blockchain research lab for applications in the medicinal industry.

blockchain research lab

Stock Trading Company

The stock trading of healthcare device manufacturer, Lifesense has been suspended by SZSE temporarily and now the company is required to provide all the information, explaining why Blockchain technology is so important for the company, also the project’s plans for the next three-years, as well as the amount of Lifesense’s funding shares.

Letter Issued by SZSE

On Tuesday, March 20, SZSE issued a letter and ordered Lifesense to reveal all the details about its plans to launch a “Blockchain laboratory.” SZSE is also expecting to get a reply from Lifesense by 23rd March. The announcement of Lifesense project is the move that made the company’s share price upsurge by 10% as it succeeded to grab the attention of the stock exchange while the price hit the daily limit of SZSE.

A similar inquiry was sent by SZSE to Zhejiang Enjoyor Electronics earlier this week, which made Enjoyor Electronics confiscate its announcement on WeChat as it claimed to launch the very first Blockchain-based electrical data forensic certificate, all around the world. A warning was also issued by SZSE in January that it’s going to carefully observe those companies that are using the popularity of Blockchain to improve their stock prices.

Companies Investigated By SZSE

According to China Money Network, over 20 listed companies have been investigated by SZSE due to the baseless claims about Blockchain technology. Earlier, a report was published on companies that were using the ‘Blockchain’ word in the US to improve their share prices through the publicity surrounding the innovative technology.

In February, SEC suspended three companies from trading that revealed statements about getting “Blockchain technology-related assets.”Also,

U.S. SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) has announced more investigation of companies in the US, who alter their name to add the word “Blockchain” into it.

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Bitcoin News 2017 – Digital Currencies Need Regulation

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Digital Currencies Need Regulation:

Digital currencies need regulation, without regulation, there might be a wild swing in the prices of digital currencies. The chief of BTCC says Chinese regulator isn’t cracking down on Bitcoin.

The head of a leading Chinese Bitcoin Exchange warned on Tuesday that Digital currencies should be regulated otherwise they have the risk to go out of control if more individuals invest in these digital assets.

Bitcoin and Ethereum are two most popular digital currencies. They have seen a rapid price swing in recent months.  In May, 19% price fall for Bitcoin noted nearly $4 billion in the value wiped off.  Last month, the Ethereum price crashed as down as 10 cents from about $319 on the GDAX digital currency exchange. Because there is a bullishness in the market, as some predict that the price of Bitcoin to climb as high as $100,000 in a decade.

Bobby Lee, the CEO of Bitcoin exchange “BTCC”, he told to CNBC’s that “I think regulation for digital currencies is much needed because it will run amok from the society”.

He also said in Hong Kong that the major challenge is how to craft the rules and regulation around this new technology. He added I think it is taking the regulators and lawmakers some time to come up with the suitable rules and regulations to govern companies.

Efforts of People’s Bank of China:

Regulators are discovering ways to regulate the digital currencies.  People’s Bank of China stepped up some efforts to regulate the market earlier this year. The bank set up a task force to conduct an inspection and ensure Bitcoin exchanges had realized anti-money laundering systems, and they also warned many exchanges against violating rules.

Image Credits: CoinTelegraph

Some noticed the moves from PBOC as a try to crack down on Bitcoin but Bobby Lee disagreed. He said it is not really a crackdown. Lee added, previously the Central Bank was not well aware of the details of Bitcoin usage and trading.

He described that the upsurge in the price of Bitcoin coincided with the huge capital outflows from the China and exchange rate changes for the renminbi against the dollar.

Lee said Central banks should admit the fact that Bitcoin is the new currency that is actively operating in China and around the world.  It is a new thing that the Central bank must pay attention and figure out what the regulation should be.

Story Credits: cnbc.com

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