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 People have entirely assumed that Tor is a fully secure and anonymous alternative to surf the world wide web. But, has anyone ever tried to find out if all this is actually true or how anonymous it really is?

Much to our surprise, TOR is not entirely concealed because it also has a collection of risks and limitations one should pay attention to before using it. In this post, we’ve outlined the most common ways to monitor Tor’s internet traffic and track their origin.


Applications such as JavaScript, Plug-ins, and others are bound to leak your IP address:

If the main reason of your TOR usage is anonymity then you should steer away from JavaScript as it can allow external malicious websites to phish your IP address, while you’re watching a video or even using add-ons like Adobe reader and Adobe Flash.

Although JavaScript is disabled by default in the security settings of Tor’s browser bundle. You are advised to avoid turning on these options if your main priority is to anonymously browse the internet. Along with JavaScript and Plug-ins, BitTorrent is also an application that can leak your real IP address, so it is preferred to not use any such applications with Tor’s browser.

 

Exit Node Sniffing:

Due to Tor’s programming, it’s almost impossible to track the location of internet traffic. To further enhance the privacy, web activity is directed through randomly chosen relay nodes across the network, right before leaving the network to the web page. A majority of Tor’s traffic exits the Tor network.

Example: When you are entering Google via Tor, even if the traffic is directed through many Tor relay nodes it still has to exit the Tor network and connect to Google servers.

The place where the traffic exits the Tor network, also known as the exit Tor node. This can be monitored.

When it comes to using encrypted HTTPS sites like Gmail, they’re okay even though the exit node will be aware that you are accessing your Gmail account. Remember, whenever you are browsing an unencrypted site using Tor all your messages, pages visited and searches are monitored by the exit node.

It is your choice to turn your Tor node into an exit node although, this has its legal liabilities.

 

The Risk of Running an Exit Node:

As mentioned before, running an exit Tor node can lead to risks later on.  If you happen to be using Tor for illegal activities and the traffic exits out through your exit node, it’ll be tracked back to your IP address and it won’t be long until the cops are banging on your door.

 

It is advised when using Tor’s browser, to stay away from unencrypted websites whenever sending or receiving sensitive information because your traffic can be monitored. It’s not just law enforcement officers you should be worried about but, malicious predators as well that are looking to get a hold of your personal data.

 

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One thought on “The Truth Behind Whether TOR Browser is Completely Anonymous or Not

  1. Thanks Guys)) It’s really helpful article. Now I can run my tor browser without any fear because I got to know what to do with it before go to any darknet site. Thanks buddies

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History of bitcoin

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Bitcoin is a digital currency, world’s famous cryptocurrency. Who creates Bitcoin? Its answer is not that much easy. while the identity of the creature of bitcoin is still a mystery.  In last of 2008, someone going from the username Satoshi Nakamoto, release a white paper to cryptography list. The 9-page paper was entitled” Bitcoin, peer-to-peer electronic cash system”. That day and today, we do not know the creature, is a personality or a team work???

With pseudonym creature, bitcoin asserts itself. In the meantime, Bitcoin creates a strong impact on users of the cryptocurrencies’ world.

Now, here I am going to share bitcoin price history, its origin and how its start work, and rises as a star in cryptocurrency world.

2007:

Basically, working on bitcoin concept was started in 2007. If we consider, that Satoshi Nakamoto is a legend. He starts working on this concept to provide fair and free transaction system. While he was on record as living in Japan.

August 15, 2008:

The allege originator of Bitcoin concept denies the connection with Satoshi Nakamoto. Even so, Neal Kin, Vladimir Oksman, and Charles Bry file an application for an encryption patent application.

A great silence…………………………

August 18, 2008:

18 August 2008, anonymousspeeches.com register a domain, named bitcoin. A site, allows users to join and do transactions. This was the birth of Bitcoin in the real world.

 October 31, 2008:

Nakamoto publishes the design white paper in cryptography list. Whereas, the paper includes that the bitcoin currency is going to solve the issue of currency being copied.

January 3, 2009:

The first block was mined on January 3, 2009. It was,” Block 0, the genesis block, is established at 18:15:05 GMT.

January 9, 2009:

Version 0.1 released. It includes the generation system which creates 21Million bitcoins through 2040.

January 12, 2009:

Version 0.1 of bitcoin released on this date. Compiled

with Microsoft visual studio for windows. In which, bitcoin generation system will generate 21Million bitcoin through the year 2040. In addition, at the end of this year, on 16 December 2009, 0.2 version of bitcoin released. Whereas, 0.3 version released on July 7, 2010.

0.3.13 version of bitcoin released on September 29, 2010.

A Brief Look at Bitcoin History – First Bitcoin Transaction:

First bitcoin transaction takes place between Satoshi and Hal Finney on 12 January 2009.

Born of currency exchange:

First bitcoin market established on 6 February 2010 by doing dollar as Bitcoin currency exchange.

10,000 BTC spent on pizza:

Florida programmer, Laszlo Hanyecz pay 10,000 bitcoins for pizza. That was the real-life transaction takes place in cryptography world.

Pool mins……:

On September 18, 2010, bitcoin pool mining was introduced. Furthermore, several users work together and enjoy the benefit together.

2013:

No doubt, the most important year of the bitcoin. This year, Bitcoin wrote its history. In 2013, its market capitalization reaches $1bn. China bans this technology first. But today, 80% of bitcoin transactions are processed in China and become the largest trader of Bitcoin in the world.

2014:

In 2014, first and most progressive treatment to bitcoin was held by HMRC. Who classified bitcoin as the asset or private money.

2015:

The biggest change comes from banks and industries. Most of the banks trying to change their infrastructure. Whereas, industry executives talking about Bitcoin and some of them do transactions.

2016:

Therefore, it is too early to tell you about the story of Bitcoin in 2016. It reaches heights and sometimes faces loses.

Future Prediction of Bitcoin:

As bitcoin reaches the price of gold, and compete with many more cryptocurrencies. Which makes its strength in the financial market. Looking at the Bitcoin value history, future can be easily predicted. And my prediction is that coming era is bitcoin era.

 

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What Is Bitcoin Hard Fork? The Most Intriguing Bitcoin Topic Explained!

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To begin with, Bitcoin has been the talk of every news channel, tabloid, website, etc. for a long while now. It’s increasing popularity might’ve caused a little problem for the network. Bitcoin is in a messy situation right now and something needs to be done. Fortunately, two possible solutions have been proposed as well, but only one can exist.

What is Bitcoin Hard Fork?

It is a compulsory software update that is required in order for the program to function.  It can be implemented to fix bug errors or any security issues present in the older version of the software. Also, a hard fork is irreversible.

The “hard fork” will split the blockchain, leading to the introduction of a new chain of transactions branching from the original one.

Bitcoin Fork Explained – What’s The Issue?

In simple words, Bitcoin is unable to withstand the number of transactions taking place on the network.

The technical explanation is that the 1MB block size limit which is programmed into the system has become a problem and is causing delays in the processing of transactions. Basically, a purchase can take from a few minutes to hours to confirm.

Two techniques were proposed, which result in two different solutions: Bitcoin Unlimited, and Segregated Witness. They’re both proposed software updates to the Bitcoin network with the aim to completely change the way Bitcoin functions.

Obviously, the two can’t coexist, that would “fork” the Bitcoin network – splitting it into two different digital currencies.

A fork is known as a software update. Basically, updating a program from an old version to a new one to fork bitcoin.

Bitcoin Unlimited:

Starting off with Bitcoin Unlimited, this proposal is favored majorly by Bitcoin miners. To understand this, you must know the concept of Bitcoin mining. Bitcoin miners use specified powerful computers to solve complex mathematical algorithms in order to verify a transaction and be rewarded with newly issued bitcoins.

We are aware that there is a built-in block size limit of 1MB in the Bitcoin network, however, BU gives miners the permission to vote on increasing the block size whenever they want. This gives them control of the Bitcoin network, due to which they’re favored by miners.

Segregated Witness:

On the other hand, SegWit is being voted by many Bitcoin enthusiasts and developers. Their aim is to optimize the Bitcoin coding in a way that allows them to decrease the transaction size and increase the transaction volume, all while sticking to the 1MB block limit. They suggest the use of a soft fork.

A soft fork is a software update that lets the network to adapt to the new functionalities and features implemented. The update doesn’t interfere with the existing software and the older version will still be usable.

When is Bitcoin Hard Fork Happening?

Every Bitcoin user around the world is anxiously waiting for August 1st– a day that will mark the history of bitcoin. No one really knows what to expect but we are all eager to know what will be the fate of Bitcoin. We’re approximately 2 weeks away from the big day so let’s reflect back on the possible end result.

On 31st July, the activation of SegWit2x is set to take place. SegWit2x is a proposal that will enact SegWit through a Soft Fork but will increase its block-size limit by Hard Fork after three months. So, basically, SegWit2x will be introducing Segregated Witness first which will follow a 2MB block-size increase three months later.

Moreover, SegWit2x has the support of major mining pools which means it’s backed up by miners.

What Will Be The Bitcoin Hard Fork Consequences?

When the 2MB hard fork is scheduled to be introduced, there are chances of a chain split to occur cause of the soft fork. This, in return, would lead some part of the community jumping on to SegWit2x while others remain on SegWit.

This can create a very messy situation as there would be two different kinds of Bitcoin present. The last thing we’d want is to damage Bitcoin, particularly since there are high chances of two competitor blockchains existing simultaneously.

What Should I Do in Order To Prepare For August 1st?

You’re advised to move your bitcoins to a private wallet, where you solely are in charge of your private keys. Also, be sure to do this before July 31st, and remain until storm calms down. We are not aware of what is in store for us on August 1st or the day after, and the future is a total blur. So, let’s sit back and watch the calendar hit August.

Who Will Be The Winner?

Aha! Too bad we can’t answer this question because half the community goes for SegWit and the other half for BU. There’s not really much we can do, just voice out our opinion and educate others with whatever we learn and maybe help them come up with opinions of their own.

We’ll just have to patiently wait and watch how this turns out.

I’d like to point out that I have a very limited technical knowledge and only know my way around a few technical terminologies. This post is a compilation of weeks of research that I’ve put together myself. So, if you do find any errors, do let me know in the comment section below and I’ll be sure to check.

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Bitcoin – Investors sticking out the instability in digital currency

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The value of the cryptocurrencies is fluctuating every moment. That is why investors still consider these cryptocurrencies are very new with supreme returns.

Ethereum’s value was all-time high over $400 in June but fell lower $200 for the first time since May 30. Furthermore, Bitcoin’s price correction wiped off closely $4billion in its market price.

Bobby Lee, CEO of the Bitcoin exchange told CNBC that the true value has yet to be discovered. He states in a Hong Kong conference, “If you think about it, the volatility is natural for an asset class that is so new. There’s no price discovery for it (yet).”

He explains that people need to discover the true value of the digital currency bitcoin. They have a tendency to trade these assets at a firm, promotional level before market analysis it could be worth more and this a time when the price jumps.

After getting legalized in several countries, the currencies have seen a significant rise in the popularity. Such as Japan legalized the bitcoins as a payment method.

Managing director of Hong Kong-based commodities and digital currency trading house Dave Chapman says, “We now sort of at … a tipping point, where people are now considering bitcoin or ethereum or digital assets as more mainstream.” And,” A lot of the people that we service are actually very comfortable with having 1 percent of their net worth into bitcoin as it is considered to be the best way to invest in bitcoin.”

He also adds, “There’s no other asset class in the world that could’ve given you the historic performance of this sector … the historic performance, which is obviously not representative of future earnings, … does appeal to a lot of people.”

For situation: $100 of Bitcoin credited in 2010 is now worth more than $75 million.

The analyst has made mixed estimations about these digital asset’s values and market cap as well. According to the BTCC’s Lee experience, the market cap for the Bitcoin will hit at least $trillion by 2025. He says, “I think it’s going to go to at least $1 trillion, if not maybe $10 trillion in the next five to ten years.”

Bitcoin’s current market cap is about $38.55 billion on supply and around 16 million in circulation. Whereas, the total supply of the bitcoin is 21 million. According to Lee, “In a grand of scheme of things, it’s nothing. Many, many companies are worth way more than that.”  Furthermore, tech companies already have their market cap in billions or trillions of dollars.

Regulations may help to increase the credibility of these digital assets. Accordingly, Japan, Russia, and China are introducing new regulations.

In the end, Chapman also added that a number of investors have a fear of loss. That’s why they are still not ready for bitcoin investment in the digital currency market.

“We get a lot of people who are like ‘You know what? I still don’t believe in this experiment. I’m not really a believer, but I’m tired of sitting on the sidelines and missing out.”

 

 

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