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Some Bitcoin Scams and How to Avoid Them

Scams have been part of human history. Ever since the beginning of currency, people have been trying to defraud each other. And with the advancement of technology, the scamming tricks have also become more raveled.

When it comes to currency related scams, Bitcoin tops the list. The currency is relatively new but holds incredibly high value in the market. Moreover, generating personal bitcoins is extraordinarily hard. So, the scammers use different techniques to steal hard-earned coins of other users. (Want to earn some bitcoins, here is everything you need to know about how to earn Bitcoin fast and easy).

Here are the most common scams that the bitcoin users should be aware of.

Scenario #1 – Wallet Scams:

If you are a bitcoin user, you would know that a Bitcoin wallet address serves the same purpose as a traditional bank account. The difference is that it is used to store bitcoins – and not the fiat money.

Since Bitcoin is all about anonymous transactions and the anonymity is gained through bitcoin wallets, the scammers hit this feature particularly by developing fake wallets.

Then they try to sell these wallets to users with a promise of 100% anonymity. The program initially seems to be working fine. But to your surprise, the trickster behind the scenes has been transferring coins from your wallet to his own without giving away a single hint.

So, being a Bitcoin user, it essential to acquire a wallet from trustworthy sources.

Scenario #2 – Scam Through Ponzi Scheme:

One of the most common Bitcoin scams. In Ponzi scheme, the con artist promises high-interest rates on deposits you make.

People who join the scheme early are paid out using the money of those coming in later. This goes on until the point where there are no more new entries.

Once the entries stop, the payments also stop and users start realizing the losses.

Scenario #3 – Bitcoin Exchange Scams:

Bitcoin scam exchanges sell the cryptocurrency at current market rates. Most of the exchanges working out there are genuine and possess now security threats to users. However, a small portion of exchanges does not work that way. Their sole purpose is to steal the digital currency and fill their own pockets.

Such exchanges charge extremely low fees when a customer is looking for credit card processing. However, after the card is processed, all the money is gone and the user is left with no bitcoins.

So, don’t always go with the cheaper options.

Read our guide on what are the biggest Bitcoin exchanges in the world to trade safely.

Scenario #4 – Phishing Scams:

The scam involves users receiving fake emails – stating that they have been awarded or have won bitcoins. But to receive the reward, they are asked to reach their wallets through the link given in the email.

DO NOT CLICK THAT LINK – or you will end up losing all your coins.

Conclusion:

These are some common scams that go around in Bitcoin world. All it takes is a bit of common sense to realize true intentions of someone you are dealing with. And if you are just starting your bitcoin venture, it’s necessary that you are aware of these bitcoin scams and know how to tackle with the tricky situations that may arise during a transaction.

Tags: Bitcoin wallet scam

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Everything about blockchain

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Late 19th century, a majority of the people did not use the internet. Whereas, next 20th century comes with new technologies, innovations. Which totally change the nature of the environment. As barter system introduce the transactions process. Afterward, leather money uses for transactions, which later turn to metal, then gold asserts itself in trading. In addition, with the passage of time transaction process introduce paper money.

Finally, technology introduces the digital money for the transaction in all over the world. Which is most flexible and convenient. while, In the general discussion of the technology, blockchain is at the top of the list. Now, the question is, what is blockchain? how does it work? And many more discussion will be available in this article.

What is blockchain?

The blockchain is a technology to verify and record the digital made transactions. It is directly underlying technology to the bitcoin. This technology has the ability to transfer, inform and secure the money. Basically, it is a term which describes the distributed network database technology underwrite once and read the only system. Here, we can observe the one thing,

Bitcoin = blockchain

Ethereum = blockchain

Other crypto-currencies = blockchain

Smart contrast = blockchain

Distributed ledger technology = blockchain

 

Everything about blockchain

 

Blockchain technology has the four major components. Are given below;

  • Privacy: System provides the complete security to its followers regarding their transactions and its recordings.
  • Smart contracts: This system is enabled to add in and being able to execute on individual chain codes.
  • Establish consensus: If you have a strong distributed ledger then participants and a network will agree to the transactions happen. Which need to be a means of establishing consensus between two or more parties.
  • Control: A database which easily shares by different organizations. Whereas, no one authority has full control over it. Which differentiate it from other traditional database platforms. Where multiple people are using this database, there is always one party to write read and connect it to others.

 

Why blockchain seeks the other’s attentions???

People who don’t like traditional transactions system and bored up because of a time-taking process of payments. Accordingly, interested to adopt a new, secure and fast system of transactions. They tend toward the blockchain technology.

Founder and CEO of multichain Dr. Gideon Greenspan say, “People are interested in Bitcoin because of, first of all, it’s technologically interesting. It’s a combination of ideas that’s may have been used before but the way they’re put together and the end result is smart and unique. The second reason is because it enables censorship free digital finance: That is a goal that has never been achieved before. The idea that you can transact digitally with who you want, without there being any central place that can be pressured or switched off is new. The third is the endless speculation in the price, as it goes up and down. It’s an endless story in itself which keeps people interested”. In addition, “People are interested in private and permission blockchain because they offer the possibility of making certain types of IT systems more efficient. This effects IT systems of multiple organizations where companies need to communicate with each other.

Distributed ledger

Basically, it is a recode of what you have. As blockchain is completely different from traditional database technology. in addition, with no central storage and no central administrator of a ledger.

Accordingly, it is an asset and can share across the world. However, this technology id so-called blockchain. people create it and tend to digital cash of the bitcoin. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are accumulating in blocks. And, then by using the cryptographic signature, the blocks are add to the chain.

Benefits of blockchain

  • Secure way of transactions and crystal clear process.
  • Miners authorize the transactions. Transactions become immutable and secure from hacking.
  • blockchain technology minimizes the existence of the third party in transactions.
  • decentralization of the technology.

Whereas, Banks and other organizations are going to invest in this space. Following are some banks and other FIs on the blockchain.

 

Everything about blockchain

In addition, some of the use cases and non-financial use cases of blockchain are as follows,

Use cases

Everything about blockchain

Non-financial use cases

Everything about blockchain

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Bitcoin Future — What Will Happen When There’ll Be No Bitcoin to Mine?

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In the month of April 2018, 17 millionth Bitcoin was mined. But why this number is significant? Well, only four million tokens are left to mine. Bitcoin’s blockchain protocol is what makes Bitcoin mining a bit difficult, and the Bitcoin reward for mining a block also splits every 210,000 blocks. As seen, 12.5 BTC reward is received by the miners for unlocking a new block.

future of bitcoin mining

Mining of the Last Bitcoin

At this time, miners are deeply encouraged to mine so that they can get gradually more treasured Bitcoin tokens as a reward — before the supply reaches the capacity. However, when 21 million market cap is hit, there won’t be any Bitcoin rewards for miners. Though, transactions will be still required to get validated and stored on blocks, so that miners can profit from the transaction fees.

Segwit

  • Last year, the issue of scalability – block capacity – transaction costs showed up.
  • 1MB size limit for blocks was implemented by Nakamoto for halting miners making bigger blocks that were expected to be excluded from the network, as it could cause the blockchain to split.
  • At that time, the limit was big enough because of the small number of transactions. However, apprehensions that elevated were ultimately comprehended as Bitcoin advanced in popularity.
  • Ultimately, Bitcoin Core developers came up with a solution under the name “Segregated Witness,” which is more commonly known as SegWit.
  • Fundamentally, Segwit splits non-signature data from signature data of all transactions — significantly reduces transaction sizes that are stored on a block.
  • Moreover, it cancels out transaction flexibility by eliminating signatures from transaction data, paving the way for ‘Lightning Network’ incorporation.

Eventually, Segwit was implemented in August 2017, as a foremost stakeholder from the major Bitcoin mining pools and Bitcoin companies – for a solution to high transactions fees instigated by an accumulation due to the block size limits.

Core warning — the implementation of Segwit was possible because of the consent of the Bitcoin community. Even though there were huge concerns such as the inadequacies of Segwit2X, the community was divided up and the change was certainly not implemented.

  • Since August 2017, the implementation of Segwit has been slow across the global network. However, Bitfinex and Coinbase only presented the alteration in February 2018.
  • The launch matched with reducing the transaction fees – a testament to the envisioned outcome of Segwit incorporation.

future of bitcoin mining
Lightning Network

  • SegWit’s implementation laid the foundation for second layer solutions as well, in order to improve the network of Bitcoin.
  • The most projected one is the Lightning Network – it will do the same as the SegWit – though on a grander scale.
  • In terms of layman, the Lightning Network lets users excavate many payment channels amid themselves – off the Bitcoin blockchain.
  • The channel is going to be opened and recorded on the blockchain, though transactions will be made “off chain” till the payment channel is closed.
  • Basically, Bitcoin is deposited in this channel by users, so that they could make transactions by transferring potential of possession to each other.
  • When they plan to close the channel, users take their part of the total sum – the ownership of those sums is recorded on the blockchain.

This second layer solution matters a lot, as it will significantly upsurge the speed of transactions and the whole network. But if we talk about the future of bitcoin mining, this does stance few interesting questions for miners in the upcoming time. Once all 21 million Bitcoin have been mined – transaction fees would be the one and only incentive for miners. If the Lightning Network is completely integrated by that time, there’d be quite fewer transactions being recorded per-day. This could at the same time affect the amount of money that miners will be getting from transactions. Though, if we look 100 years from now, it is expected that all of these issues will have been solved by the wider crypto-community and Bitcoin Core developers.

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Cryptocurrency Security – Here’s All About Its Three Layers!

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So, what’s a decentralized system? In simple words, we can say that a decentralized system works with no servers and each member is permissible to execute transactions. But in the case of the blockchain, each member must have to do some system-tasks as well, such as; storing transactional data.

cryptocurrency Security

Fork: Even a group of members can run an alternate-version of reality, which is called “fork.” The fork works by the similar regulations as the original decentralized system – though it might have a diverse state.

Let’s enlighten you about the hierarchical nature of cryptocurrency security!

First Layer – Tokens and Crypto Coins

  • One of the first and foremost thing in the crypto world is your cryptocurrency security.
  • Whenever you choose a cryptocurrency, you take all the perils and risks related to the protocol.
  • If someone can recognize and utilize protocol flaws, they can compromise the whole network, even including you; it won’t be much important which exchange/wallet you are using.

In the first layer, you can find two different types of currencies which include, the coins (Bitcoin, Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash etc.) and all ICO-issued tokens such as; MOBI or EOS.

What is the Difference?

Well, the difference is in the technical features. Each coin is either an independent network protocol or just a copy of some of it. When you research a crypto protocol from a security stance, make sure to find out if it can be centralized.

Let’s take an example!

In the case of Bitcoin, it’s now centralized around four major mining pools which also means that if all of them collaborate, they can possibly compromise the whole network.

Another advice! Whenever you look for proof-of-stake crypto, make sure to have a look at the genesis. This is also quite imperative, as whoever keeps the preliminary and initial stake can vote for transitions, as well as the network will be also trusting those who have higher stakes. If we take an example of NEO, a PoS network of China, which is same as Ethereum, was distributed 50/50 amid its ICO sales and developer community – unlike Ethereum distribution. Also, the NEO token distribution makes sure that no major stakeholder from the exchange platform or the developing side has enough stake to compromise the whole network.

Tokens

  • Now if we talk about tokens, all of them are based on a smart-contract aspect of few of the coins, which means their reliability and security is first based on the parent cryptocurrency – only subsequently on the smart contract’s code that issued it.
  • Mostly, all ICO coins (tokens) are based on Ethereum and just some of them are issued by smart contracts.
  • Also, it is imperative to point out that Ethereum got hacked a few years ago due to the DAO protocol hack – later hard forked and rolled back to the state. This also shows that the founders of Ethereum probably have a time machine as it looks like they have the ability to go back in time – yet again if it’s required.

Second Layer – Exchanges

One thing that everyone must understand about the exchanges is that they are written in custom-code with infrastructure security and has got nothing to do with blockchain. If we talk about an exchange, it is just a standard centralized web service arrayed in a data centre. That’s why whenever we talk about the exchanges, we always mention reliability and trust.

Almost every month we hear news about the data breaches and security events that occur because of exchanges.

Examples

Here are some latest examples!

  1. Back in December 2017, $63 million in cryptocurrency was stolen from NiceHash by hackers.
  2. At the beginning of this year, January 2018, more than $500 million in cryptocurrency was stolen from Coincheck by hackers.
  3. In February 2018, almost $195 million in cryptocurrency was stolen from BitGrail by hackers.

The hype around cryptocurrencies is due to the number of data breaches. Many exchanges have recently started their business – without investing in proper security measures. Simultaneously, if someone steals tokens/crypto coins from an exchange successfully, it’s nearly impossible to do anything about recovering it.

Third Layer – Wallets

Well, the third layer is linked to your personal security in the crypto world and you must’ve heard a lot about it before.

When you select a wallet for cryptocurrencies, you’ll have two options:

  1. Hot Wallet
  2. Cold Wallet

Hot wallet Vs Cold Wallet

  • The hot wallet is just like an account in exchange or in simple words, it is a website-based wallet.
  • In the case of a hot wallet, your tokens/coins are under the control of your wallet provider.

Whereas, a cold wallet can be a hardware, software or just a paper.

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An Important Announcement By Global ICO Accelerator Program

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Iconiq Lab, based in Germany, is a global token sale accelerator and initial coin offering program. According to a recent announcement by Iconiq Lab, it has decided to launch two new branches in the US and Asia. This announcement was made public by Patrick Lowry, CEO of Iconiq Lab. The US branch is expected to be launched in New York in May, while the Singapore branch will be launched in July 2018.with the first batch scheduled to begin in Nov. 2018.

When asked about the reason for that launch, Patrick Lowry stated that due to the terrific success rate of German accelerator program and the unexpected feedback from the target community are the main reasons behind that launch.

accelerator program

Why was Iconic Lab launched?

Reason behind the launch of Iconiq Lab was to compensate the needs of both crypto investors and efforts leading to the completion of their own initial coin offerings. Iconiq Lab also launched a global ico accelerator program which was further made possible through the launch of their own token, the ICNQ Club Membership Token.

Basically the Iconiq Lab refers to a German based initial coin offering program which is also acting as a token sale accelerator program at the moment. Edge of that company is that it funds, develops and accelerates the most promising crypto-startups leading to their own token sale. Their speciality is that they help launch tokens supported by real-world business demands and sustainable solutions.

Financial cooperation with EOS and FinLab

FinLab AG is a public trade based German FinTech company builder. In Nov. 2017 it placed a an investment into Iconiq Lab which no doubt was a minor one but had strategic importance. This mutual cooperation led to the successful launch of an accelerator program on behalf of Iconiq Lab. the result and feedback was quiet amazing as Iconiq Lab received almost 200 applications for the first batch of that program  in late 2017. Due to several reason, it shortlisted the applications and eventually selected just five applicants to enter the program. That program was properly launched in Feb. 2018 in Germany.

These five selected companies are propelling towards their own initial coin offering and are at the moment in the middle of a digital roadshow. These companies are also giving rise to innovative Blockchain solutions.

Iconiq Lab’s mission behind all these efforts is to allow the flow of characterized creativity by using tokens as financial instruments. According to some crypto experts it will also facilitate crypto investors with dependable data in case they are trying to judge new token investment opportunities and their future impact.

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