Are you looking out for the biggest trends in cryptocurrency? Well, Initial Coin Offering (ICO) is going to be a fine start. Today, we’re going to give you an overview on the ICO.
Initial Coin Offering
The abbreviation of ICO is “Initial Coin Offering” and since 2013, ICOs are frequently used for evolving new cryptocurrencies. When we talk about ICOs, this also means individuals offering investors some units of crypto-token or new cryptocurrency in exchange, contrary to major cryptocurrencies such as; Bitcoin and Ethereum. If there’s a demand for pre-created tokens, then they can be easily traded and sold in all cryptocurrency exchanges.
ICO token could become the shares and securities of tomorrow and with the success of Ethereum, more and more ICOs are being used for funding the crypto project development. ICO has become a tool that doesn’t only reform the currency, but also the entire financial system.
History of ICOs
At the beginning of 2013, around 100 billion XRP tokens were created in the Ripple Labs, as the first cryptocurrency distributed by an ICO was Ripple. The main reason why the company sold these tokens was to fund the development of the Ripple platform.
A layer on top of Bitcoin was promised to be created by Mastercoin, for tokenizing Bitcoin transactions and executing smart contracts. Almost $1 million was received by the developer against the top-cryptocurrency Bitcoin.
ICO has funded numerous other cryptocurrencies like; Lisk, which sold around $5 million coins at the beginning of 2016. The Ethereum Foundation sold ETH against 0.0005 Bitcoin in the mid-2014 respectively. By doing so, around 20 million was received, and it became one of the largest crowdfunding, and now, it serves as the capital base for Ethereum development.
A simple token, which can be transacted on the on the blockchain of Ethereum is one of the simplest applications of Ethereum’s smart contract system and this type of contract was standardized with ERC#20. This is something that made Ethereum host of such an extensive scope of ICO that now you can say that Ethereum has finally found its Killer App.
The token is sold as a digital good, not as a financial asset and this is why it’s sometimes called “crowd-sale”. The legal state of ICO is undefined and in this case, the funding with an ICO is not regulated, making it quite simple and paperless.
ICO – Fundraising Future
The DAO is amongst the most prominent demonstration of Ethereum’s smart contracts. Ether, worth $100 million, fueled the distributed investment company. The idea of funding projects with a token on Ethereum turned out to be a highly successful generation of crowdfunding projects. You’d know that investing in token on top of Ethereum is very easy especially, if you’ve already tried it out. Just transfer ETH and paste the contract in your wallet. You’ll be able to see the token in your account and then you can easily transfer it as you want.
ICOs could be used for completely reconstructing the financial system of securities, shares, and decentralizing, not just money, but trade and stock creation as well.
Do you want to assess Ethereum’s market capitalization? Do not only look at the market cap of Ether but also on the token’s value.
Is it Profitable?
ICO has been a blessing for many investors but, on the other hand, many ICO ends with losses. Many scammers and semi-scammers have used ICO for; promising the greatest cryptocurrency ever or building a sleek website. In addition to that, the successful and largest ICOs, like Iconomi, Melonpost, Lisk, Melonpost, and Augur collected funds and delivered literally nothing.
Let’s find out what’s happening in the market for ICO.
Building a layer on top of Bitcoin was announced by Mastercoin in 2013, and Mastercoin-token were sold to investors. Around 10,000 Bitcoin was received by the developers and had the worth of $1 million at that time. Some investors made hefty profits and later, Mastercoin merged with Omni and Counterparty.
One of the largest ICOs has been made by Ethereum yet, with a pre-sale of almost 60 million ETH and around 31,500 Bitcoin were raised by the Ethereum Foundation. ETH-presale investors also profited immensely.
100 billion XRP-tokens were created in Ripple Labs and serve as an anti-spam mechanism in the Ripple payment network. Ripple Labs are selling XRP but their value doesn’t move in a clear direction. It started with almost 5,000 Satoshi, felt below 1,000 Satoshi, then raised above 7,000.
In 2013, a new gen-cryptocurrency made, Next. Around 1 billion tokens were sold to early investors and the developers only got a double digit’s amount of Bitcoins with the ICO. However, today the NXT token is valued much more and NXT has become a successful and firm cryptocurrency relatively.
Ethereum token ICO:
An Asian platform for decentralized Sportsbet completed the ICO of its token within few seconds and many of them have been purchased by a Chinese exchange.
The aim of Golem project is to create a decentralized supercomputer, through which applicants can earn money by selling its power. The ICO was limited to 820,000,000 tokens, and more than 10,000 BTC were received by the developers. Today, the Golem market share is beyond 50,000 BTC.
The decentralized prediction market uses REP-token to choose the outcome of events in which 80% of these tokens have been sold for funding the development and got around $5 million. Today all these tokens are worth more than $100 million.
Well, Iconomi is a platform for managing the virtual assets and the ICN token is like shares on the platform. 85,000,000 tokens were sold by the developers and more than 17,000 BTC were received for it. Today, it has a market cap of almost 40,000 BTC.
SingularDTV with the ICO raised more than 12,000 BTC and today, tokens as a whole are worth about 40,000 BTC.
The above ICO tokens can be easily purchased and traded on exchanges but some extra ICOs have just completed some time ago and are now preparing to release the newly created token on the Ethereum Blockchain.
This is the following projects:
Melonport’s aim is to advance a platform for managing the blockchain assets made on Ethereum. The MLN token that the developers sold were around more than 2,000 BTC.
Dfinity aims to build a decentralized platform for cloud computing and has raised more than 3,000 Bitcoin in its ICO.
The main aim of this project is to build a platform for the easy formation and blockchain based smart contracts and could raise more than 14,000 Bitcoin in an ICO for this mission.
You can currently invest in ICOs like:
- Humaniq (a wallet for the unbanked)
- Aeternity (“scalable smart contracts interfacing with real-world data”)
- Internet of Coins (a distributed environment for several blockchains)
- Cosmos (similar: “a network of distributed ledgers”)
ICO Blockchain Capital allows everybody to contribute to its investment rounds. But, not every ICO is worth your money.
Bitcoin mining is a multi-billion industry, but with increasing number of blocks, the difficulty to mine bitcoins is growing as well.
The question that arises is whether one should invest in such phenomena or avoid it.
In this post, we’ll give you a few pointers on what are the risks involved in this particular venture.
Bitcoin mining risk secures transactions that are recorded in the Bitcoin’s public ledger the blockchain. The blockchain confirms these transactions to the rest of the network while they’re taking place.
Miners play a vital role in the Bitcoin ecosystem by keeping the Bitcoin community in check. They perform complicated mathematical tasks with specialized mining hardware, in order to mine new bitcoins but bitcoin’s system adds a new block to the blockchain every 10 minutes to ensure the verification and security of unprocessed transactions so that there is no double spending. Miners earn bitcoins investment, as rewards for their effort and often even paid transaction fees by buyers.
Possible risks follow:
Susceptible to High Price Volatility:
The main issue that comes with bitcoin mining is the fluctuation of the virtual currency. The cryptocurrency tends to swing over short periods of time. Also, the price depends on the demand and supply, since there are only 21 million Bitcoins available and with two-thirds of it to be already mined, the demand of bitcoins increases with each passing day.
Competition due to the introduction of Ethereum:
The reward for mining bitcoins about every four years and its current value is at 12.5 bitcoins, with average block time as 10 minutes. Whereas Ethereum’s block time is 12 seconds. Faster block time means quicker confirmation of transactions. Ethereum reward miners work to earn Ethers, which is a kind of token that fuels the network. You earn 5 ethers given for each block. You can also use it to pay for transaction fee and services on the Ethereum network. Also, Ethereum has over 89,752,192 coins currently existing, unlike Bitcoin, if it reaches its limit, more investors would switch to Ethereum or other cryptocurrencies thus, leading to lesser or no transactions for miners to confirm and earn rewards.
The “hard fork” scenario:
Bitcoin has become so popular that it isn’t able to manage the weight of all the transactions. With the currency growing exponentially along with the number of transactions, the 1MB block size limit is starting to be an issue thus, leading to delays in payment processing. This hard fork is splitting the network into two i.e. Bitcoin Unlimited (BU) and Segregated Witness (SegWit). Miners are in favor of BU as it gives them more control of the BTC network but BTC developers and enthusiasts choose to side with SegWit since they’re not in favor of letting miners be more in control of the network than they already are. The two obviously can’t co-exist side by side so they have to compete for legitimacy and users in order to function.
To conclude, bitcoin mining does have its pros and cons. Surely, as people become more aware of this cryptocurrency they would show more interest but for now, no one can predict the future of it.
World’s biggest community of Bitcoin miners, China, is cracking down on cryptocurrency. A proactive step has been taken by regulators for shaping the stratospheric increase of Bitcoin. According to President Xi Jinping, there’s been booms and busts in the economy for a decade. As a result, the role of China in the cryptocurrency’s world is going down.
Is it allowed to trade Bitcoin in China?
Bitcoin can be traded only in over-the-counter markets. According to some analysts, it is a slower process that increases the credit risk.
Is China anti-cryptocurrency?
Not really. A bank named “The People’s Bank of China” has run trials of its own prototype cryptocurrency, as it is a prime step to being the very first central bank, that is going to issue digital money.
What is China doing exactly?
Well, China banned initial coin offerings (ICOs), that are equal to initial public offerings for new virtual currencies. Later, it stopped local exchanges from trading cryptocurrencies and also delineated proposals to dampen bitcoin mining. Then it moved to Chinese companies that were listed in abroad skirting to stop its domestic ban on ICOs. Now it’s intended by the officials to block the domestic access to mobile apps and other online platforms that offer such services for cryptocurrencies.
Companies that promote themselves as blockchains, to boost their shares are also being targeted by domestic stock exchanges. It’s a part of an effort by agencies like China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, central bank and the cyberspace administration.
What is the reason behind the crackdown in China?
Cleaning risks from financial markets have been government’s statement for almost two years, but there’s been no clear explanation yet. The thriving shadow banking sector is also among the main concerns of the government, although digital currencies also provide a way to move money out of China.
Where else are officials clamping down?
South Korean is known as the home of most of the frantic cryptocurrency trading. Some banks are being inspected because of the allegation of money laundering and the country is considering to close such cryptocurrency exchanges. Also, in the past year, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission started to work fast on digital token sales.
What’s the effect of China’s actions?
Because of inexpensive power and cheap labour, miners gathered to China, but now they may have to look somewhere else. Bitmain is running China’s two major Bitcoin-mining collectives and is setting up district HQs in Singapore. The #3 mining pool, also known as “BTC. Top” is also opening a facility in Canada. Wallet services and bitcoin exchanges in the country are also leaving. Also, they’re setting up over-the-counter shops in Hong Kong and in other areas of Singapore/South Korea.
What about cryptocurrency prices?
The prices appeared to shrug off the news of increased regulations in China. However, according to analysts, the growing tide of regulation has a hefty impact on digital currencies and it’s also helping in explaining the hefty losses since the starting of 2018.
Story credit: fortune.com
Image Credit: BitNews
The future of bitcoin
The world today has reached at fairly modern-day monetary practice by now. Making its way through the barter system, and from coins to paper. So, where are at today? What is the next step? The answer is – Bitcoin.
Challenging and confronting all the monetary compulsions of the world, Bitcoin came into flow around 2009. Introduced by a pseudonym, Satoshi Nakamoto this peer-to-peer system started making the news by 2013. Its distinctive architecture makes it ‘mining’ more resource intensive gradually during the time. The main unique feature linked to this cryptocurrency is that the total production of bitcoin will be limited to 21 million. This number can not be exceeded at any time.
The value of Bitcoin has been behaving volatile since ever, but the extreme volatility has been seen since 2015-2016. After a China-led spree, there was again a sudden up thrust in the value of the currency, making headlines of another outbreak, reaching its highest value. But this vertigo doesn’t seem to stay steady at any margin.
Backbone of Bitcoin
Blockchain technology- the most hyped one, is the backbone of the system. It is a foundational technology which has the legitimate potential to change the world. And without a doubt, it can create new foundations for our systems in social and economic circles. This may seem like the ‘tulip fever’ in the 17th century to a lot of onlookers, but the bubble doesn’t seem to burst anytime soon.
Bitcoins are only generated by the process called ‘mining’. These transactions are compiled into blocks and participants are given mathematical puzzles to solve. The one who solves the problem first, is awarded with Bitcoins in exchange for services. Sounds easy? Not really!
These bitcoins are stored in a digital wallet that is somewhat our bank accounts. These wallets can be installed on our computers or cell phones. All the transactions performed are stored in the blockchain. It works as a public ledger. The transactions must be verified by the network in order to work. This network is architected substantially in an algorithm that generates the high level of security, so no other user can spend your funds.
The Blockchain is like digitized, secure ledger which stores every information and runs this disintegrated system. Bitcoin relies on Blockchain to perform and conduct every transaction.
What does the future hold for bitcoin?
So, what’s next it has in store for us? As unpredictable as these nine years, the future of these Bitcoins will remain the in same vertigo. It has been tied to nothing but algorithms and falls under no influence.
Bitcoin has so many advantages to being just wiped off or not to be accounted for by any time in near future. It has already made itself interlinked with some big economies and is here to stay with the same fluctuating nature.
These cryptocurrencies may have possibly bypassed the rules of traditional monetary and financial systems but there still are many limitations in the system.
In order to reduce these, there has been made an e-shop where you can spend your digital currency. The portal allows consumers to buy products using bitcoins.
The financial system legacy has served us long without giving much room to more. A mere chance given to the cryptocurrency revolution without government interfering will harm no one. Except there will be less power resting with the government that they are used to of practicing.
Countries that have weak currencies oppose greatly of this system and are planning to ban the digital money completely. But it’s not stopping the consumers adopting and accepting this new change and development. It definitely has the ability to change the financial pipping of the world. But whatever the argument may sit or face, despite the fluctuating price of this system nothing is certain for sure.