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To begin with, Bitcoin has been the talk of every news channel, tabloid, website, etc. for a long while now. It’s increasing popularity might’ve caused a little problem for the network. Bitcoin is in a messy situation right now and something needs to be done. Fortunately, two possible solutions have been proposed as well, but only one can exist.

 

bitcoin hard fork

 

What’s The Issue?

In simple words, Bitcoin is unable to withstand the number of transactions taking place on the network.

The technical explanation is that the 1MB block size limit which is programmed into the system has become a problem and is causing delays in the processing of transactions. Basically, a purchase can take from a few minutes to hours to confirm.

Two techniques were proposed, which result in two different solutions: Bitcoin Unlimited, and Segregated Witness. They’re both proposed software updates to the Bitcoin network with the aim to completely change the way Bitcoin functions.

Obviously, the two can’t coexist, that would “fork” the Bitcoin network – splitting it into two different digital currencies.

A fork is known as a software update. Basically, updating a program from an old version to a new one.

Hard Fork:

It is a compulsory software update that is required in order for the program to function.  It can be implemented to fix bug errors or any security issues present in the older version of the software. Also, a hard fork is irreversible.

The “hard fork” will split the blockchain, leading to the introduction of a new chain of transactions branching from the original one.

Bitcoin Unlimited:

Starting off with Bitcoin Unlimited, this proposal is favored majorly by Bitcoin miners. To understand this, you must know the concept of Bitcoin mining. Bitcoin miners use specified powerful computers to solve complex mathematical algorithms in order to verify a transaction and be rewarded with newly issued bitcoins.

We are aware that there is a built-in block size limit of 1MB in the Bitcoin network, however, BU gives miners the permission to vote on increasing the block size whenever they want. This gives them control of the Bitcoin network, due to which they’re favored by miners.

Segregated Witness:

On the other hand, SegWit is being voted by many Bitcoin enthusiasts and developers. Their aim is to optimize the Bitcoin coding in a way that allows them to decrease the transaction size and increase the transaction volume, all while sticking to the 1MB block limit. They suggest the use of a soft fork.

A soft fork is a software update that lets the network to adapt to the new functionalities and features implemented. The update doesn’t interfere with the existing software and the older version will still be usable.

Who Will Be The Winner?

Aha! Too bad we can’t answer this question because half the community goes for SegWit and the other half for BU. There’s not really much we can do, just voice out our opinion and educate others with whatever we learn and maybe help them come up with opinions of their own.

We’ll just have to patiently wait and watch how this turns out.

I’d like to point out that I have a very limited technical knowledge and only know my way around a few technical terminologies. This post is a compilation of weeks of research that I’ve put together myself. So, if you do find any errors, do let me know in the comment section below and I’ll be sure to check back on them.

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Escrow and its services

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Escrow and its services

Digital world needs the digital services as well. That is why there is a huge list of escrow services sites. The matter is, you don’t let your money in the scams hands. For that purpose, you want to use secure and clear way of services for your transactions. Escrow is exactly the same, you want for your transactions. Here, in this article. I will tell you about escrow and its services regarding your transactions.

Escrow is basically a legal concept, an account held by the third party during transactions between parties. This temporary account operates until the completion of the bitcoin transactions. The goods or funds will be held by an agent until he receives proper and appropriate instructions. Funds can be held in escrow are assets, fund, security or money.  At the time of absolute certainty, parties are able to fulfill one another’s obligations and rules.

For example, being a third party, escrow will have the authority to take funds and delivers the goods in good condition according to its client’s wish.

Types of Escrow:

Funds deposit is occurring for the payment at the certain conditions. That usually applies to mortgage, property taxes and insurance. Escrow’s agent is fulfilling the need of their customers. Some types of escrow are.

1. Internet Escrow:

Internet escrow works by placing money in hands of the third party. who is totally independent and has a license for this service.

2. Banking:

Escrow provides its service in automatic vending and banking field.automated teller machine (ATMs) and vending machine. Where he or she put the order and get the result in form of transactions.

3. Personal Property:

Sale of mobile homes also falls in this escrow transactions category. Whereas, selling or purchasing of big-ticket assets are through escrow services.

4. Law:

Escrow is also known in law sector. Escrow funds are mostly used to distribute money from a cash settlement to environmental enforcement action. Through this process, defendant has to pay a total amount of judgment to court administration.

5. Escrow Real Estate:

Escrow agent services are used in real estate transactions. For example, you are going to sell or purchase a real estate. Transactions regarding sells or purchase of bitcoins will be processed by escrow service provider.

6. Mergers and Acquisitions:

Escrow arrangements are mostly used in mergers and acquisitions to extra warranties offered by the seller.

7. Mortgage Refinancing:

This type of escrow is much different from the real estate sale. In a case of mortgage refinancing, one house loan use as the payment for the other home loan. These type of transaction needs many formalities and risk. So, escrow provides its services on the behalf of its customers.

8. Escrow Business:

Business escrow services involve the sale of the business. In transactions, it involves the actual company and all its assets. These transactions are similar in form of transfer of the shares in a business. Just like stock transfer, bulk sales, and holdings.

Above is a short note about the types of escrow. Now, we will discuss, how does an escrow service work?

Escrow and its services

How does an Escrow work?

Most of the business dealings need a third party for transactions. Mostly, escrow provides such type of services. Following are some terms;

  1. Both parties say yes to the terms of the transactions through escrow.
  2. Then, buyer deposits the money in escrow account. After, the verification of transaction by escrow management, escrow verify the payment to the seller.
  3. After the verification of the transaction, the seller has some duties to verify and submit the tracking information.
  4. Buyer has an option to accept the order or reject within few days of transactions before receiving an order.
  5. When buyer accepts the order. Escrow release the money from an escrow account.

Your transaction is complete with escrow services. GOOD LUCK!

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A look inside America’s largest Bitcoin mining operation

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Dave Carlson, who owns America’s largest bitcoin mining operation could be mining as much as $8 million worth of bitcoin every month. However, Dave dismisses this figure as ‘exaggeration’ and ‘fake news’ created by media.

With the mainstream media proceeding to paint bitcoin mining operation as modern age gold rush, Carlson’s story has been of particular interest, regardless of whether it hasn’t generally been put in the correct context.

To be fair, though, evaluations of his potential earnings don’t appear to be far-fetched when you consider he went from driving a $300 Honda to directing the largest bitcoin mining operation in America in simply under a year, and that bitcoin mining is still broadly misunderstood.

All things considered, when the facts are examined, his business is no less impressive.

Tags: Bitcoin videos, bitcoin mining

To get to the truth of his story, CoinDesk addressed Carlson about the increased attention his Washington-based bitcoin mining operation (he refused to disclose the location) is getting, how he assembled the organization and how it earned $8m a month when bitcoin costs were close to their peak.

“I used to spend long hours configuring servers, assembling rigs, and connecting cables. I now have a technical team that covers assembly, deployment, facilities, optimization, and management. I invest the greater part of my energy dealing with the bigger issues the organization faces in regards to future development and operations.” said Carlson to sum up his business growth.

 

Credits: CoinDesk.com

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Ethereum News: Will the Price of Ethereum triple in 2018?

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There’ve been many Ethereum Price Predictions before; however, according to the co-creator of Ethereum, Steven Nerayoff, the growing interest in cryptocurrency will increase the value of Ethereum and the cryptocurrency can triple this year.

ethereum predictions

Steven Nerayoff said:

“You’re seeing a tremendous amount of growth across a wide variety of industries. Fintech is actually the natural area, but now you’re seeing it becoming increasingly more creative — you find projects in the oil and gas industry, you’re finding government using it in their applications, you’re seeing it in gaming, all kinds of different areas.”

Ethereum Price Prediction

In the past few days, Ethereum has moved up to new heights consistently and is emerging as a major cryptocurrency.  Likewise, as compared to 2017, it has increased by almost 3600% and that’s why the majority of the investors are considering Ethereum as a long-term investment.

At this same time, an important question arises related to the future price of Ethereum. Ethereum is quite different from tokens that are only for investment, which means that the Ethereum’s value would upsurge in the upcoming time. It’s expected that by the end of 2019, Ethereum’s value would be almost $ 14,000. Likewise, it is expected that Ethereum would hit $31,000 by the end of the year 2020.

When it comes to Ethereum, keep one thing in mind that if more platforms are used, the price of the token will also get higher. Following this reason, you can ensure that the value of Ethereum would also upsurge in the future. According to the market cap, it’s also expected that Ethereum is going to become the second most valuable cryptocurrency. So, whenever you want to invest in a cryptocurrency, the perfect idea would be to go for Ethereum.

 

Views of Balaji Srinivasan

Majority of the people who are hopeful about cryptocurrency apparently agree that the leading cryptocurrency Bitcoin and its newer competitive Ethereum are here to stay. According to the CEO of Earn.com, Balaji Srinivasan:

“In terms of 5 to 10 years, Bitcoin and Ether will be around I bet.”

According to the CEO and co-founder of Blockchain, Peter Smith, his company, was primary to Bitcoin, as it only started to warm up to newcomer Ethereum.

Views of Kathleen Breitman

There’s no doubt that Bitcoin and Ethereum have stolen the show at this time, but the innovation will not end there. Kathleen Breitman, who is the co-founder of Tezos is optimistic that her own blockchain bet is going to fill a place that solves problems with existing blockchains. Particularly, she is designing Tezos to automatically push the updates of software out to the network, which means evading the disruptive feuding over upgrades that afflicted systems like Bitcoin for the past few years.

 

Market Manipulation

For the moment, token sales appear to be a great way of raising a hefty amount of money real-quick. Peter Smith believes that the manipulation of market and insider dealing is extensive amid purveyors of ICOs.

Smith said:

“We’re cautious about it in the short term – But you have to temper that with the idea that every new technology is going to be like that in the beginning.”

CEO of Ripple, Brad Garlinghouse also said:

“Heavily regulated markets are typically heavily regulated for a reason – Frauds are happening, people are going to jail.”

 

Regulations

Elena Kvochko is a chief information officer of the security division at Barclays. According to Kvochko, her bank had a talk with watchdogs about blockchains, Bitcoin, and their ilk. In the meantime, as the governments settle down on sets of instructions of the road, countries like Singapore, Estonia and Switzerland are shoving to advance frameworks that simply accommodate the innovative technology. According to Smith, they’re looking for displacing geographic officials and becoming hubs for developing business financing.

Smith said:

“If you’re a U.S. person or business, you have a good deal to be concerned about.”

 

Speculations

The prices of cryptocurrency fluctuate way too much, but there’s still a reason to believe that the markets are going to become more stable. On the other hand, Srinivasan introduced another possible scenario. Referring to a fundamental-reality in which everybody is disheveled in the future, Srinivasan said :

“All your waking hours are spent in the Matrix.”

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Bitcoin vs Litecoin – Which One is Better?

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The hype of cryptocurrencies has increased dramatically over the past few years. Especially after the introduction of Bitcoin, back in 2009.

Bitcoin is the most popular cryptocurrency. The currency has ruled the crypto world undisputedly for many years. Even now, Bitcoin sits on top of the crypto pile. However, it is not the only king in the jungle anymore. The leading cryptocurrency is now facing a growing competition from other cryptocurrencies, Litecoin being one of the closest rivals of Bitcoin.

In this article, we have discussed the major differences between Bitcoin and Litecoin. Hopefully, you will be able to get a good idea about both the cryptocurrencies after reading this.

Litecoin:

Litecoin is one of the many names that received a lot of positive responses from the market.  It was launched in 2011 by its creator Charles Gee – with the aim of becoming the “silver” to Bitcoin’s “gold”. Like Bitcoin, Litecoin is also generated by mining. The motivation behind its creation was to improve upon Bitcoin.

Bitcoin:

In 2009, Satoshi Nakamoto launched Bitcoin as the world’s first cryptocurrency. It has no central authority and anyone can access it from anywhere. Bitcoins are ‘mined’, using computing power in a global network and are used to buy things electronically.

Bitcoin vs Litecoin

What is The Difference Between Bitcoin and Litecoin?

There isn’t just one, but many differences between Bitcoin and Litecoin. The major differences are as follows:

  • There are more litecoins available in the market, i.e. 84 million than bitcoins as Bitcoin will never exceed the limit of 21 million.
  • Due to the limit of bitcoins available, it is of much higher value as compared to Litecoin.
  • Litecoin has a much faster speed of transaction; only 2.5 minutes, unlike Bitcoin which takes around 10 minutes right now.
  • Both employ different algorithms, Bitcoin uses the longstanding SHA-256 algorithm, unlike Litecoin which makes use of a new algorithm known as Scrypt.
  • Another major difference is that Litecoin is a cheaper option for miners than Bitcoin. The former only requires a normal computer and an internet connection to begin mining, whereas the latter requires maximum computing power which is out-of-reach for an everyday user.
  • Bitcoin is relatively slow in confirming transactions, while Litecoin accepts a higher number of transactions due to its higher volume of blocks.

So, What to Choose – Bitcoin or Litecoin?

We know that both the cryptocurrencies have their own set of pros and cons. They even have several resemblances. No doubt, they are both accepted very positively all across the globe. However, the final choice is yours.

Good Luck!

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Bitcoin taxes- another terrifying story

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Currency comes with three faces mainly.

  • A unit of account
  • Store of wealth
  • Means of exchange

Cryptocurrencies around seem to serve the second part only. So, talking about the taxation of these currencies means taxing changes in realized wealth, that is your income tax.

cryptocurrency user

As with more growing acceptability and increasing comfortableness with risks among the regulators, the crypto world is coming out stronger. But IRS has its eye on the crypto investment.

In 2014, IRS issued a legal statement stating that virtual currency will be treated as the capital asset if convertible into cash. Same rules of capital assets loss and gain apply to these digital currencies. Despite these implications, there are very fewer guidelines provided by the authority.

The gaining acceptance of these blockchain-based currencies has attracted many with tales of massive fortunes. Being decentralized and unregulated, these currencies show a great deal of volatility. The currency needs to hold its volatility in order to replace the fiat currency in long terms.

Basics

Running on the system of Blockchains which are decentralized and constantly updated. Despite the extremely complex mechanism, these blockchains are easily verified and are highly encrypted. Due to these features, blockchain has backed many cryptocurrencies including Bitcoin.

A few popular cryptocurrencies include,

  • Bitcoin
  • Ethereum
  • Ripple
  • Litecoin
  • Monero
  • Dogecoin
  • Dash
  • Tether

All the crypto coins other than Bitcoin are known as altcoins. Perks of being the pioneer, right?

Due to lesser global uniformity and lack of consistency coming with the nature of digital currency, there is a lot of challenges and understanding surrounding the tax regulations of this system. Some basic tax trends to be kept in mind are,

Different rules, different countries

The same basis as traditional businesses rules applies here. As there are different rules for different countries around the world, similarly different tax rules apply to digital currencies taxation around the globe.

If you wish to purchase services or goods using your digital currency, the cryptocurrency used will be written an asset or property. the gain over the currency will be accounted as income subject to tax- for the purchaser. The total value of the transaction is recognized as transaction tax. The seller is bound to collect and remit this value.

Countries like the U.S impose their own set of rules and regulations over tax rates and other categories of goods and services.

From small entrepreneur business planning to global, it can be a great amount of confusion and mayhem for them. In a number of countries, these tax systems are in multiple layers, including taxation for think city, federal and state altogether.

The task is not only to determine the tax payables, the real task will be to figure out the jurisdictions it falls into.

Taxman digitalized

Being a digital currency, the most undertaking is done by the digital goods here. The regulations are being monitored and are coming in shape by the EU and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Taxing majorly base on where the consumer rides. The collection will happen via holding platforms. The tax will be collected and remitted on merchant’s behalf or the tax holder on payments sent to offshore clients.

The anonymity of this crypto nature can be of a great challenge here. There will be minimal information available regarding the receiver or the sender of the transaction.

The government is also working on simplifying this issue. They have introduced guidelines under the title, know-your-client (KYC). Records will be requested through these plans and unwilling or any party unable to disclose their credentials may dwindle.

A global default rule regarding crypto-based businesses may be introduced, accumulating same jurisdictions and rules applied to all.

Tax implied

The tax will be implied specifically in these areas.

  • Trading- it produces capital gain or loses, it has to offset gains and reduce tax.
  • Exchange- exchanging one crypto coin with another creates a taxable event. The token is sold so generates loss or profit.
  • Payment received in Crypto- receivables in exchange for goods or services will be treated as ordinary income.
  • Spending cryptocurrency may gain price during the holding period, subject to capital gain.
  • Conversion to fiat currency
  • Air Drops- income becomes the basis of the coin when sold or exchanged there will be a capital gain.
  • Mining coins

•    Initial coin offerings

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